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python获取操作系统平台、版本及架构

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转自:http://openwares.net/linux/python_os_version_platform.html

platform模块提供了底层系统平台的相关信息

系统架构

32位还是64位

>>> import platform
>>> platform.architecture()
('64bit', 'ELF') # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
('32bit', 'WindowsPE') # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
('64bit', 'WindowsPE') # python 3.3.2 64 bits on wndows 8.1 64 bits
('64bit', '') # python 3.4.1 64 bits on mac os x 10.9.4

ELF和WindowsPE是可执行文件格式

操作系统
linux,mac还是windows

>>> platform.system()
'Linux' # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
'Windows' # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'Windows' # python 3.3.2 64 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'Darwin' # python 3.4.1 64 bits on mac os x 10.9.4

系统版本

>>> platform.version()
'#1 SMP Debian 3.10.11-1 (2013-09-10)' # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
'6.2.9200' # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'6.2.9200' # python 3.3.2 64 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'Darwin Kernel Version 13.3.0: Tue Jun  3 21:27:35 PDT 2014; root:xnu-2422.110.17~1/RELEASE_X86_64' # python 3.4.1 64 bits on mac os x 10.9.4

CPU平台

>>> platform.machine()
'x86_64' # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
'AMD64' # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'AMD64' # python 3.3.2 64 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits
'x86_64' # python 3.4.1 64 bits on mac os x 10.9.4

linux发行版

>>> platform.dist()
('debian', 'jessie/sid', '') # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits

节点名
也就是机器名

>>> platform.node()
'work' # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
'work-xxx' # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits

系统信息

>>> platform.uname()
uname_result(system='Linux', node='work', release='3.10-3-amd64', version='#1 SMP Debian 3.10.11-1 (2013-09-10)', machine='x86_64', processor='') # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits

uname_result(system='Windows', node='work-xxx', release='8', version='6.2.9200', machine='AMD64', processor='Intel64 Family 6 Model 58 Stepping 9,
GenuineIntel') # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits

uname_result(system='Darwin', node='mba', release='13.3.0', version='Darwin Kernel Version 13.3.0: Tue Jun  3 21:27:35 PDT 2014; root:xnu-2422.110.17~1/RELEASE_X86_64', machine='x86_64', processor='i386') # python 3.4.1 64 bits on mac os x 10.9.4

python版本

>>> platform.python_verison()
'3.3.2+' # python 3.3.2+ 64 bits on debian jessie 64 bits
'3.3.3' # python 3.3.2 32 bits on windows 8.1 64 bits

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