The Flash

原创 2016年05月30日 17:06:19[:error] = ""
render :new

flash[:error] = ""
redirect videos_path

The flash is a special part of the session which is cleared with each request. This means that values stored there will only be available in the next request, which is useful for passing error messages etc.

It is accessed in much the same way as the session, as a hash (it's a FlashHash instance).

Let's use the act of logging out as an example. The controller can send a message which will be displayed to the user on the next request:

class LoginsController < ApplicationController
  def destroy
    session[:current_user_id] = nil
    flash[:notice] = "You have successfully logged out."
    redirect_to root_url

Note that it is also possible to assign a flash message as part of the redirection.

You can assign :notice:alert or the general purpose :flash:

redirect_to root_url, notice: "You have successfully logged out."
redirect_to root_url, alert: "You're stuck here!"
redirect_to root_url, flash: { referral_code: 1234 }

The destroy action redirects to the application's root_url, where the message will be displayed. Note that it's entirely up to the next action to decide what, if anything, it will do with what the previous action put in the flash. It's conventional to display any error alerts or notices from the flash in the application's layout:

  <!-- <head/> -->
    <% flash.each do |name, msg| -%>
      <%= content_tag :div, msg, class: name %>
    <% end -%>
    <!-- more content -->

This way, if an action sets a notice or an alert message, the layout will display it automatically.

You can pass anything that the session can store; you're not limited to notices and alerts:

<% if flash[:just_signed_up] %>
  <p class="welcome">Welcome to our site!</p>
<% end %>

If you want a flash value to be carried over to another request, use the keep method:

class MainController < ApplicationController
  # Let's say this action corresponds to root_url, but you want
  # all requests here to be redirected to UsersController#index.
  # If an action sets the flash and redirects here, the values
  # would normally be lost when another redirect happens, but you
  # can use 'keep' to make it persist for another request.
  def index
    # Will persist all flash values.
    # You can also use a key to keep only some kind of value.
    # flash.keep(:notice)
    redirect_to users_url

By default, adding values to the flash will make them available to the next request, but sometimes you may want to access those values in the same request.

For example, if the create action fails to save a resource and you render the new template directly,

that's not going to result in a new request, but you may still want to display a message using the flash.

To do this, you can use in the same way you use the normal flash:

class ClientsController < ApplicationController
  def create
    @client =[:client])
      # ...
    else[:error] = "Could not save client"
      render action: "new"

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