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linux-2.6.32在mini2440开发板上移植之DM9000网卡移植

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                                                                  移植DM9000 网卡驱动
1 设备资源初始化
      Linux-2..6.32.2 已经自带了完善的DM9000 网卡驱动驱动(源代码位置:linux-2.6.32.2/
drivers/net/dm9000.c),它也是一个平台设备,因此在目标平台初始化代码中,只要填写好相
应的结构表即可,具体步骤如下:

首先添加驱动所需的头文件dm9000.h:
#include <linux/dm9000.h>

再定义DM9000 网卡设备的物理基地址,以便后面用到:
/* DM9000AEP 10/100 ethernet controller */
#define MACH_MINI2440_DM9K_BASE (S3C2410_CS4 + 0x300)
再填充该平台设备的资源设置,以便和DM9000 网卡驱动接口配合起来,如下
static struct resource mini2440_dm9k_resource[] = {
        [0] = {
                .start = MACH_MINI2440_DM9K_BASE,
                .end = MACH_MINI2440_DM9K_BASE + 3,
                .flags = IORESOURCE_MEM
               },
        [1] = {
               .start = MACH_MINI2440_DM9K_BASE + 4,
               .end = MACH_MINI2440_DM9K_BASE + 7,
               .flags = IORESOURCE_MEM
               },
        [2] = {
              .start = IRQ_EINT7,
              .end = IRQ_EINT7,
              .flags = IORESOURCE_IRQ | IORESOURCE_IRQ_HIGHEDGE,
               }
};
/*
* * * The DM9000 has no eeprom, and it's MAC address is set by
* * * the bootloader before starting the kernel.
* * */
static struct dm9000_plat_data mini2440_dm9k_pdata = {
                  .flags = (DM9000_PLATF_16BITONLY | DM9000_PLATF_NO_EEPROM),
};
static struct platform_device mini2440_device_eth = {
                 .name = "dm9000",
                 .id = -1,
                 .num_resources = ARRAY_SIZE(mini2440_dm9k_resource),
                 .resource = mini2440_dm9k_resource,
                .dev = {
                .platform_data = &mini2440_dm9k_pdata,
                  },
};
;同时在mini2440 设备集中添加上面做好的网卡平台设备,如下红色部分

static struct platform_device *mini2440_devices[] __initdata = {
                     &s3c_device_usb,
                     &s3c_device_lcd,
                     &s3c_device_wdt,
                     &s3c_device_i2c0,
                     &s3c_device_iis,
                     &mini2440_device_eth,
                     &s3c_device_nand,

                     &mini2440_device_eth
};

这样,DM9000 平台设备的接口就填完了。

note:关于这个结构体struct resource说明下,这里定义了网卡的资源,查看板子的电路图,可以发现网卡是挂在

总线上的,而且地址处于bank4区域, 中断是用的外部中断7.

 

2 调整DM9000 所用的位宽寄存器
    因为Linux-2.6.32.2 的DM9000 网卡驱动并不是专门为mini2440 准备的,所以还要在其源代码中做一些移植工作,如下步骤。
    打开linux-2.6.32.2/ drivers/net/dm9000.c,头文件处添加2410 相关的配置定义,如下红色部分:
#include <asm/delay.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_S3C2410)
#include <mach/regs-mem.h>
#endif
#include "dm9000.h"
在dm9000 设备的初始化函数中添加如下红色部分,这里是配置DM9000 所用片选总线的时序,因为mini2440 目前只有一个通过总线外扩的设备,在此设备驱动中直接修改相关的寄存器配置会更加容易理解一些,当然这部分也可以放到mach-mini2440.c 中,你可以自行实验一下,在此不再赘述。
static int __init
dm9000_init(void)
{
#if defined(CONFIG_ARCH_S3C2410)
unsigned int oldval_bwscon = *(volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BWSCON;
unsigned int oldval_bankcon4 = *(volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BANKCON4;
*((volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BWSCON) =
(oldval_bwscon & ~(3<<16)) | S3C2410_BWSCON_DW4_16 |
S3C2410_BWSCON_WS4 | S3C2410_BWSCON_ST4;

*((volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BANKCON4) = 0x1f7c;
#endif
printk(KERN_INFO "%s Ethernet Driver, V%s\n", CARDNAME, DRV_VERSION);
return platform_driver_register(&dm9000_driver);
}


3 关于MAC 地址
需要注意的是,本开发板所用的DM9000 网卡并没有外接EEPROM 用以存储MAC 地址,因此系统中的MAC 地址是一个“软”地址,也就是可以通过软件进行修改,可以随意改为其他值,在static int __devinit dm9000_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)函数中可以看出:/* try reading the node address from the attached EEPROM */;尝试从EEPROM 读取MAC 地址


for (i = 0; i < 6; i += 2)
            dm9000_read_eeprom(db, i / 2, ndev->dev_addr+i);
if (!is_valid_ether_addr(ndev->dev_addr) && pdata != NULL) {
           mac_src = "platform data";
           memcpy(ndev->dev_addr, pdata->dev_addr, 6);
}
if (!is_valid_ether_addr(ndev->dev_addr)) {
/* try reading from mac */
           mac_src = "chip";
           for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
                      ndev->dev_addr[i] = ior(db, i+DM9000_PAR);
}
;使用“软”MAC 地址: 08:90:90:90:90:90
memcpy(ndev->dev_addr, "\x08\x90\x90\x90\x90\x90", 6);
if (!is_valid_ether_addr(ndev->dev_addr))
            dev_warn(db->dev, "%s: Invalid ethernet MAC address. Please ""set using ifconfig\n", ndev->name);
实际上到此为止DM9000 就已经移植结束了。

4 配置内核加入DM9000,并编译运行测试此时会带内核源代码目录,执行:
#make menuconfig
开始在内核中配置网卡驱动,依次选择如下菜单项
Device Drivers --->Network device support ---> Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit) --->
即可找到DM9000 的配置项,可以看到DM9000 已经被选中,这是因为Linux-2.6.32.2,默认的内核配置已经加入了DM9000 的支持

然后执行:
#make zImage
最后生成arch/arm/boot/zImage 文件,使用”k”命令把它烧写到开发板,并使用默认的文件系统启动,在命令行终端运行ifconfig 命令可以看到eth0的信息。

note:以上的移植过程主要是根据手册整理出来的。下面加入些个人的东西。关于加入的这几行

unsigned int oldval_bwscon = *(volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BWSCON;
unsigned int oldval_bankcon4 = *(volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BANKCON4;
*((volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BWSCON) =
(oldval_bwscon & ~(3<<16)) | S3C2410_BWSCON_DW4_16 |
S3C2410_BWSCON_WS4 | S3C2410_BWSCON_ST4;

*((volatile unsigned int *)S3C2410_BANKCON4) = 0x1f7c;

是什么意思呢?

S3C2410_BWSCON,S3C2410_BANKCON4这个其实就是BWSCON、BANKCON4的地址,前面对应的是映射过的地址,后面对应的是实际的物理地址,对于S3C2440,这个虚实地址映射关系其实很简单,就是加入了一个便宜。以S3C2410_BWSCON举个例子(或者说跟踪下这个的实现过程)

#define S3C2410_BWSCON   S3C2410_MEMREG(0x0000)

#define S3C2410_MEMREG(x) (S3C24XX_VA_MEMCTRL + (x))

#define S3C24XX_VA_MEMCTRL S3C_VA_MEM

#define S3C_VA_MEM S3C_ADDR(0x00200000) /* memory control */

#define S3C_ADDR(x) (S3C_ADDR_BASE + (x))

#define S3C_ADDR_BASE (0xF4000000)

其实S3C2410_BWSCON也就是F4200000,其是地址0x48000000的一个映射,这个关系就是增加了一个偏移。这个大家应该基本都知道。

下面说,上面的程序干了啥,

里面出现的几个宏定义如下所示:

#define S3C2410_BWSCON_ST4               (1<<19)

#define S3C2410_BWSCON_WS4             (1<<18)

#define S3C2410_BWSCON_DW4_16              (1<<16)

下面是BWSCON控制寄存器的第16到19位

ST4 [19] Determines SRAM for using UB/LB for bank 4.

0 = Not using UB/LB (The pins are dedicated nWBE[3:0])

1 = Using UB/LB (The pins are dedicated nBE[3:0])

0

WS4 [18] Determines WAIT status for bank 4.

0 = WAIT disable 1 = WAIT enable

0

DW4 [17:16] Determine data bus width for bank 4.

00 = 8-bit 01 = 16-bit, 10 = 32-bit 11 = reserved

 

 下面是BANK4CON寄存器各个位的含义。

Tacs [14:13] Address set-up time before nGCSn

00 = 0 clock 01 = 1 clock

10 = 2 clocks 11 = 4 clocks

00

Tcos [12:11] Chip selection set-up time before nOE

00 = 0 clock 01 = 1 clock

10 = 2 clocks 11 = 4 clocks

00

Tacc [10:8] Access cycle

000 = 1 clock 001 = 2 clocks

010 = 3 clocks 011 = 4 clocks

100 = 6 clocks 101 = 8 clocks

110 = 10 clocks 111 = 14 clocks

Note: When nWAIT signal is used, Tacc ³ 4 clocks.

111

Tcoh [7:6] Chip selection hold time after nOE

00 = 0 clock 01 = 1 clock

10 = 2 clocks 11 = 4 clocks

000

Tcah [5:4] Address hold time after nGCSn

00 = 0 clock 01 = 1 clock

10 = 2 clocks 11 = 4 clocks

00

Tacp [3:2] Page mode access cycle @ Page mode

00 = 2 clocks 01 = 3 clocks

10 = 4 clocks 11 = 6 clocks

00

PMC [1:0] Page mode configuration

00 = normal (1 data) 01 = 4 data

10 = 8 data 11 = 16 data

 

把上面要赋值的数据,转换成二进制位,一一对照看设定了什么功能。总的来说,就是设置时序,不具体说了。

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