jpeg解码

原创 2017年07月22日 17:46:18
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/fb.h>
#include "jpeglib.h"
#include <setjmp.h>

unsigned int *lcd;
void drw_poin(int x,int y,int color)
{
      
     *(lcd+x+y*800) = color;
}

//定义一些出错对象
struct my_error_mgr {
  struct jpeg_error_mgr pub; /* "public" fields */

  jmp_buf setjmp_buffer; /* for return to caller */
};

typedef struct my_error_mgr * my_error_ptr;

/*
 * Here's the routine that will replace the standard error_exit method:
 */
//出错退出函数
METHODDEF(void)
my_error_exit (j_common_ptr cinfo)
{
  /* cinfo->err really points to a my_error_mgr struct, so coerce pointer */
  my_error_ptr myerr = (my_error_ptr) cinfo->err;

  /* Always display the message. */
  /* We could postpone this until after returning, if we chose. */
  (*cinfo->err->output_message) (cinfo);

  /* Return control to the setjmp point */
  longjmp(myerr->setjmp_buffer, 1);
}


//JPEG解码算法
GLOBAL(int)
read_JPEG_file (char * filename)
{
  /* This struct contains the JPEG decompression parameters and pointers to
   * working space (which is allocated as needed by the JPEG library).
   */
  struct jpeg_decompress_struct cinfo;   //声明一个解码对象
  /* We use our private extension JPEG error handler.
   * Note that this struct must live as long as the main JPEG parameter
   * struct, to avoid dangling-pointer problems.
   */
  struct my_error_mgr jerr;   //声明一个出错对象
  /* More stuff */
  FILE * infile; /* source file FILE 文件指针*/
  JSAMPARRAY buffer; /* Output row buffer  2维指针 char ** 输出缓存区 */
  int row_stride; /* physical row width in output buffer */

  /* In this example we want to open the input file before doing anything else,
   * so that the setjmp() error recovery below can assume the file is open.
   * VERY IMPORTANT: use "b" option to fopen() if you are on a machine that
   * requires it in order to read binary files.
   */
       //打开一张JPEG图片
  if ((infile = fopen(filename, "rb")) == NULL) {
    fprintf(stderr, "can't open %s\n", filename);
    return 0;
  }

  /* Step 1: allocate and initialize JPEG decompression object */
     //初始化解码对象
  /* We set up the normal JPEG error routines, then override error_exit. */
  cinfo.err = jpeg_std_error(&jerr.pub);  //初始化出错对象
  jerr.pub.error_exit = my_error_exit;
  /* Establish the setjmp return context for my_error_exit to use. */
  if (setjmp(jerr.setjmp_buffer)) {
    /* If we get here, the JPEG code has signaled an error.
     * We need to clean up the JPEG object, close the input file, and return.
     */
    jpeg_destroy_decompress(&cinfo);
    fclose(infile);
    return 0;
  }  
    //现在我们终于可以初始化这个解码对象啦!!
  /* Now we can initialize the JPEG decompression object. */
  jpeg_create_decompress(&cinfo);

  /* Step 2: specify data source (eg, a file) */
   //把解码对象与JPEG源文件关联起来
  jpeg_stdio_src(&cinfo, infile);

  /* Step 3: read file parameters with jpeg_read_header() */
         //读取图片头信息
  (void) jpeg_read_header(&cinfo, TRUE);
  /* We can ignore the return value from jpeg_read_header since
   *   (a) suspension is not possible with the stdio data source, and
   *   (b) we passed TRUE to reject a tables-only JPEG file as an error.
   * See libjpeg.txt for more info.
   */

  /* Step 4: set parameters for decompression */
     //自己设置一些解码参数,也可以使用默认解码参数
  /* In this example, we don't need to change any of the defaults set by
   * jpeg_read_header(), so we do nothing here.
   */

  /* Step 5: Start decompressor */
         //开始解码
  (void) jpeg_start_decompress(&cinfo);
  /* We can ignore the return value since suspension is not possible
   * with the stdio data source.
   */

  /* We may need to do some setup of our own at this point before reading
   * the data.  After jpeg_start_decompress() we have the correct scaled
   * output image dimensions available, as well as the output colormap
   * if we asked for color quantization.
   * In this example, we need to make an output work buffer of the right size.
   */ 
  /* JSAMPLEs per row in output buffer */
  row_stride = cinfo.output_width * cinfo.output_components; //利用长度乘上字节数
  /* Make a one-row-high sample array that will go away when done with image */
           //分配一行解码堆空间  
  buffer = (*cinfo.mem->alloc_sarray)
((j_common_ptr) &cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE, row_stride, 1);

  /* Step 6: while (scan lines remain to be read) */
  /*           jpeg_read_scanlines(...); */

  /* Here we use the library's state variable cinfo.output_scanline as the
   * loop counter, so that we don't have to keep track ourselves.
   */
   //重点!重重点!!!!!只要理解好这里的代码即可
   int x=0;
   int y=0;
  while (cinfo.output_scanline < cinfo.output_height) {
    /* jpeg_read_scanlines expects an array of pointers to scanlines.
     * Here the array is only one element long, but you could ask for
     * more than one scanline at a time if that's more convenient.
     */
 //利用扫描的行数作Y值
 y =  cinfo.output_scanline;
 
    (void) jpeg_read_scanlines(&cinfo, buffer, 1);  //读取一行JPEG数据并把它解码成BMP数据存放到
//buffer中
    unsigned char *p  = buffer[0]; //把2维指针变成一维地址
char ar,red,green,blue;
int color;
    //获取一行JPEG数据
for(x=0;x<cinfo.output_width;x++)
{ 
//判断该图片为多少位图
    if(cinfo.output_components == 3)
{
ar = 0;
}
else
{
ar=*p++; 
}
    red = *p++;
green = *p++;
blue  = *p++;
color  =   ar << 24 | red << 16 | green << 8 | blue;
    drw_poin(x,y,color);
}
  }

  /* Step 7: Finish decompression */
          //结束解码 
  (void) jpeg_finish_decompress(&cinfo);
  /* We can ignore the return value since suspension is not possible
   * with the stdio data source.
   */

  /* Step 8: Release JPEG decompression object */
     //烧毁解码对象
  /* This is an important step since it will release a good deal of memory. */
  jpeg_destroy_decompress(&cinfo);

  /* After finish_decompress, we can close the input file.
   * Here we postpone it until after no more JPEG errors are possible,
   * so as to simplify the setjmp error logic above.  (Actually, I don't
   * think that jpeg_destroy can do an error exit, but why assume anything...)
   */
   //关闭文件
  fclose(infile);

  /* At this point you may want to check to see whether any corrupt-data
   * warnings occurred (test whether jerr.pub.num_warnings is nonzero).
   */
   //我们终于结束啦!!!
  /* And we're done! */  
  return 1;
}
int main(int argv,char **argc)
{
   
    //打开LCD设备
     int fd=open("/dev/fb0",O_RDWR);
if(fd<0)
{
perror("lcd:");
}
//获取LCD屏幕属性
    struct fb_var_screeninfo  lcdmsg;
int ret=ioctl(fd,FBIOGET_VSCREENINFO,&lcdmsg);
if(ret==0)
{
printf("lcd x=%d,y=%d,bit=%d\n",lcdmsg.xres,lcdmsg.yres,lcdmsg.bits_per_pixel);
}
//获取字节的大小
int c=  lcdmsg.bits_per_pixel/8;
//对LCD设备空间进行映射
lcd=mmap(NULL,lcdmsg.xres*lcdmsg.yres*c,PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,fd,0);
 if(*(int *)lcd==-1)
{
perror("mmap lcd fail:");
} 
//jpeg图片显示
read_JPEG_file(argc[1]);
    close(fd);
return 0;
}


版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

相关文章推荐

JPEG便解码资料

  • 2017-08-17 15:13
  • 567KB
  • 下载

JPEG解码类 C++

  • 2015-11-29 16:21
  • 10KB
  • 下载

openjpeg:jpeg2000(j2k)图像内存解压缩(解码)

我的上一篇博客《openjpeg:jpeg2000(j2k)图像内存压缩编码》详细讲述了调用openjpeg实现jpeg2000(j2k)图像的内存压缩过程。本文讲述如何调用openjpeg来将jpe...
  • 10km
  • 10km
  • 2016-02-04 19:57
  • 2896

jpeg图像解码C文件

  • 2015-05-17 20:00
  • 17KB
  • 下载

JPEG文件编/解码详解

JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group)是联合图像专家小组的英文缩写。它由国际电话与电报咨询委员会CCITT(The International Telegraph...

JPEG编-解码详细解读

  • 2013-12-02 13:54
  • 66KB
  • 下载

JPEG文件编/解码详解

本文转载至:http://blog.csdn.net/lpt19832003/article/details/1713718, 备份至此,仅为方便查阅 JPEG文件编/解码详解 cat_ng...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:深度学习:神经网络中的前向传播和反向传播算法推导
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)