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嵌入式 python之ConfigParser详解

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1.读取配置文件

-read(filename) 直接读取ini文件内容
-sections() 得到所有的section,并以列表的形式返回
-options(section) 得到该section的所有option
-items(section) 得到该section的所有键值对
-get(section,option) 得到sectionoption的值,返回为string类型
-getint(section,option) 得到sectionoption的值,返回为int类型
 
2.写入配置文件
-add_section(section) 添加一个新的section
-set( section, option, value) section中的option进行设置
         需要调用write将内容写入配置文件。
 
3.例子
test.conf
[sec_a]
a_key1 = i'm value
a_key2 = 22
 
[sec_b]
b_key1 = 121
b_key2 = b_value2
b_key3 = $r
b_key4 = 127.0.0.1
   
parse_test_conf.py
import ConfigParser
 
cf = ConfigParser.ConfigParser()
 
#read config
cf.read("test.conf")
 
# return all section
secs = cf.sections()
print 'sections:',secs
 
opts = cf.options("sec_a")
print 'options:',opts
 
kvs = cf.items("sec_a")
print 'sec_a:',kvs
 
#read by type
str_val = cf.get("sec_a""a_key1")
int_val = cf.getint("sec_a""a_key2")
 
print "valuefor sec_a's a_key1:",str_val
print "valuefor sec_a's a_key2:",int_val
 
#write config
#update value
cf.set("sec_b""b_key3""new-$r")
#set a new value
cf.set("sec_b""b_newkey""new-value")
#create a new section
cf.add_section('a_new_section')
cf.set('a_new_section''new_key''new_value')
 
#write back to configure file
cf.write(open("test.conf""w"))
 
print
sections: ['sec_b', 'sec_a']
options: ['a_key1', 'a_key2']
sec_a: [('a_key1', "i'm value"), ('a_key2', '22')]
value for sec_a's a_key1: i'm value
value for sec_a's a_key2: 22
 
更新后的test.conf
[sec_b]
b_newkey = new-value
b_key4 = 127.0.0.1
b_key1 = 121
b_key2 = b_value2
b_key3 = new-$r
 
[sec_a]
a_key1 = i'm value
a_key2 = 22
 
[a_new_section]
new_key = new_value
 
4.可能抛出的异常
exception NoSectionError
Exception raised when a specified section is notfound.
exception DuplicateSectionError
Exception raised if add_section() is called with the name of asection that is already present.
exception NoOptionError
Exception raised when a specified option is not found in thespecified section.
exception InterpolationError
Base class for exceptions raised when problems occur performingstring interpolation.
exception InterpolationDepthError
Exception raised when string interpolation cannot be completedbecause the number of iterations exceeds MAX_INTERPOLATION_DEPTH.Subclass of InterpolationError.
exception InterpolationMissingOptionError
Exception raised when an option referenced from a value does notexist. Subclass of InterpolationError. New in version2.3.
exception InterpolationSyntaxError
Exception raised when the source text into which substitutions aremade does not conform to the required syntax. Subclass ofInterpolationError. New in version 2.3.
exception MissingSectionHeaderError
Exception raised when attempting to parse a file which has nosection headers.
exception ParsingError
Exception raised when errors occur attempting to parse afile.
 
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