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二叉树及其遍历

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好吧,我承认关于深度优先搜索和宽度优先搜索以前我确实没有理解,,,,抓狂

#include<iostream>
#include<string.h>
#include<string>
#define N 1000
#include<queue>
using namespace std;
int ans[N];
int tot;
typedef struct Tnode
{
	int flag;
	int v;
	struct Tnode *left,*right;
}*Node,T;
char s[N+100];
bool failed;
Node root;
Node newnode()
{
	Node u=new T;
	if(u!=NULL)
	{
		u->flag=0;
		u->left=u->right=NULL;
	}
	return u;
}
void addnode(int v,char* s)
{
	int n=strlen(s);
	Node u=root;
	for(int i=0;i<n;++i)
	  if(s[i]=='L')
		{
		  if(u->left==NULL) u->left=newnode();
		    u=u->left;
		}
		else if(s[i]=='R')
		{
			if(u->right==NULL) u->right=newnode();
			u=u->right;
		}
	  if(u->flag) failed=1;//输入错误就是一个结点输入两次时
	  u->v=v;
	  u->flag=1;
}
void delet(Node root)
{
	if(root->left) delet(root->left);
	if(root->right) delet(root->right);
	delete root;
}
void pre_order(Node root)
{
	cout<<root->v<<" ";
	if(root->left) pre_order(root->left);
	if(root->right) pre_order(root->right);
}
void mid_order(Node root)
{
	if(root->left) mid_order(root->left);
	cout<<root->v<<" ";
	if(root->right) mid_order(root->right);
}
void post_order(Node root)
{
	if(root->left) post_order(root->left);
	if(root->right) post_order(root->right);
	cout<<root->v<<" ";
}
bool bfs()//一层一层的搜索。。。
{   tot=0;
	int rear=1,front=0;//模拟队列
	Node q[N];
	q[0]=root;
	while(front<rear)
	{
		Node u=q[front++];
		if(!u->flag) return false;
		ans[tot++]=u->v;
		if(u->left) q[rear++]=(u->left);
		if(u->right)q[rear++]=(u->right);
	}
	return true;
}
int main()
{
	int T;
	cin>>T;
	while(T--)
	{  
		memset(ans,0,sizeof(ans));
		failed=0;
	  root=newnode();
	 getchar();
	while(scanf("%s",s)&&strcmp(s,"()"))
	{
		int v;
		sscanf(&s[1],"%d",&v);
		addnode(v,strchr(s,',')+1);//返回s字符串中第一个出现,的位置
	}
	if(!bfs()||failed) {cout<<"-1"<<endl;continue;}
	else {
		cout<<"宽度优先搜索:"<<endl;
		  for(int i=0;i<tot;++i)
			cout<<ans[i]<<" ";
		     cout<<endl;
	     }
	cout<<"深度优先搜索: "<<endl;
	cout<<"前序遍历:"<<endl;
	pre_order(root);
	cout<<endl;
	cout<<"中序遍历:"<<endl;
	mid_order(root);
	cout<<endl;
	cout<<"后序遍历:"<<endl;
	post_order(root);
	cout<<endl;
	delet(root);
	}
	return 0;

}
就树来说吧,所谓的bfs就是对树一层一层的遍历。。。所谓的dfs就是一搜到底对树来说有前序,中序,后序遍历。。。



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