funny test of dual table

原创 2004年07月13日 23:42:00
funny test of dual table

C:/>sqlplus "/ as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 9.0.1.0.1 - Production on Thu Aug 8 09:20:57 2002

(c) Copyright 2001 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.0.1.1.1 - Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 9.0.1.1.1 - Production

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
1

SQL> select * from dual;

D
-
X

SQL> insert into dual values ('Y');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> insert into dual values ('X');

1 row created.

SQL> insert into dual values ('Z');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
4

SQL> select * from dual;

D
-
X

SQL> select sysdate from dual;

SYSDATE
---------
08-AUG-02

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
4

SQL> truncate table dual;

Table truncated.

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
0

SQL> select * from dual;

no rows selected

SQL> select sysdate from dual;

no rows selected

SQL> insert into dual values ('X');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select * from dual;

D
-
X

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
1

SQL> select sysdate from dual;

SYSDATE
---------
08-AUG-02

SQL>

***************************************

作者:4pal    时间:02-08-08 22:01

嘿嘿。snow知道dual到底是什么吗? 我还是不 清楚


作者:rejoice999    时间:02-08-08 23:55

DUAL就是个一行一列的表,如果你往里加一行,就会导致很多程序出问题。所以从ORACLE8开始,ORACLE加了代码对DUAL特殊照顾,才会有SNOW版主的FUNNY TEST RESULT。
http://www.itpub.net/showthread.php...&highlight=dual

quote:
最初由 4pal 发布
嘿嘿。snow知道dual到底是什么吗? 我还是不 清楚


作者:oldwain    时间:02-08-10 21:19

quote:
最初由 rejoice999 发布
所以从ORACLE8开始,ORACLE加了代码对DUAL特殊照顾,



NO! NO!

ORACLE没有对DUAL进行特殊照顾, 进行特殊照顾的是sql*plus.

使用其它工具(比如pl/sql dev等) 会发现select * from dual会得到真实的记录.

另外, 在sqlplus中执行create table .. as select * from dual , inset ..select * from dual的结果也是真实的.

个人认为sqlplus耍的这个小聪明, 是个很愚蠢的小聪明.


作者:Fenng    时间:02-08-10 23:24

跟着这个贴子看了看,随后到asktom上查了一下,发现还真有贴子关于它的.
You Asked
Hi Tom

Feels good to post a question after quite some time.
Look at the following :
SQL> desc dual
Name Null? Type
----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------
DUMMY VARCHAR2(1)

SQL> select * from dual;

D
-
X

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
1

SQL> select 'sdfsdfsdfsdfsdfsdf' from dual;

'SDFSDFSDFSDFSDFSD
------------------
sdfsdfsdfsdfsdfsdf

SQL> select 3434334 from dual;

3434334
----------
3434334

SQL> truncate table dual;
truncate table dual
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-04020: deadlock detected while trying to lock object
3510531527724648449742036


SQL> delete from dual;
delete from dual
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges


SQL> connect system/manager
Connected.
SQL> /

1 row deleted.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select * from dua;
select * from dua
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00942: table or view does not exist


SQL> select * from dual;

no rows selected



1.What is the dual table, what is its purpose.
2.Why does it contain only one column with datatype varchar2, why not
number .
3.Does it contain one row by default.
4.why do we
usually SELECT USER FROM DUAL,
why cant I do it like
SQL> select USER FROM EMP WHERE ROWNUM<2;

USER
------------------------------
SCOTT


5.Does this mean that we are using the dual table only for the convenience that
it has only one row, and it will return only one row back , when we give
queries like

SELECT USER FROM DUAL

6.SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM DUAL;

COUNT(*)
----------
2

SQL> INSERT INTO DUAL VALUES ('X');

1 row created.

SQL> INSERT INTO DUAL VALUES ('X');

1 row created.

SQL> COMMIT;

Commit complete.

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM DUAL;

COUNT(*)
----------
4

SQL> SELECT * FROM DUAL;

D
-
X


Why is it returning only one row , it has to return 4 rows , when it has allowed
me to insert 4 rows.

7.SQL> delete from dual;

1 row deleted.

SQL> select * from dual;

D
-
X

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
3


I want to delete all the rows , I do a delete from dual, and oooo mama
look at it , it deletes only one row, why?

8.SQL> delete from dual;

1 row deleted.

SQL> delete from dual;

1 row deleted.

SQL> select count(*) from dual;

COUNT(*)
----------
1

NOw we have only one row in dual.

lets create a example function.

SQL> create or replace function foo return number
2 as
3 x number;
4 begin
5 x:=1;
6 return 1;
7 end;
8 /

Function created.

SQL> select foo from dual;

FOO
----------
1

SQL> insert into dual values ('X');

1 row created.

SQL> COMMIT;

Commit complete.

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM DUAL;

COUNT(*)
----------
2

SQL> select foo from dual;

FOO
----------
1

shouldnt it return 2 rows of value 1?


because , look below , I have got 14 rows back , because I had 14 rows in the
table.

SQL> SELECT FOO FROM EMP;

FOO
----------
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

FOO
----------
1
1
1

14 rows selected.

SQL>

Kindly elucidate the concept of dual table, and if possible illustrate it.

Thank you

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
and we said...

Let me just start by saying -- DUAL is owned by SYS. SYS owns the data dictionary, therefore DUAL is part of the data dictionary. You are not to modify the data dictionary via SQL ever -- wierd things can and will happen -- you are just demonstrating some of them. We can make many strange things happen in Oracle by updating the data dictionary. It is neither recommend, supported nor a very good idea.

1.What is the dual table, what is its purpose.

dual is just a convienence table. You don't need to use it, you can use anything you want. The advantage to dual is the optimizer understands dual is a special one row, one column table -- when you use it in queries, it uses this knowledge when developing the plan.


2.Why does it contain only one column with datatype varchar2, why not
number .

truly, why no. Why not a date you would ask then. The column, its name, its datatype and even its value are NOT relevant. DUAL exists solely as a means to have a 1 row table we can reliably select from. Thats all.


3.Does it contain one row by default.

yes, when we build the database, we build dual and put a single row in it.

4.why do we usually SELECT USER FROM DUAL,
why cant I do it like
SQL> select USER FROM EMP WHERE ROWNUM<2;


truly, why can't you? is something preventing you from doing so?? You can if you want. Me, I'll stick with "select user from dual". I know dual exists. I know it has at least 1 and at most 1 row. I know the optimizer knows all about dual and does the most efficient thing for me.

5) yes

6) the optimizer understands dual is a magic, special 1 row table. It stopped on the select * because there is to be one row in there. Its just the way it works. Hopefully you reset dual back to 1 row after your testing or you just totally broke your database!

7) like I said, duals magic, the optimizer knows all about what DUAL should be and does things based on that.

8) dual = magic. dual is a one row table however having more then 1 or less then one is dangerous. You are updating the data dictionary. You should naturally expect very bad things to happen.


Ok, here is some trivia for you out there. How did I do this:

SVRMGR> select * from dual;
D
-
X
1 row selected.

SVRMGR> ????????????????????;
Statement processed.

SVRMGR> select * from dual;
ADDR INDX INST_ID D
-------- ---------- ---------- -
01680288 0 1 X
1 row selected.


What was that magic command?


作者:Fenng    时间:02-08-10 23:26

http://asktom.oracle.com/pls/ask/f?...6388,%7Bdual%7D

这是Tom上的连接


作者:biti_rainy    时间:02-08-11 09:49

hehe

看了 关于定义者权限和调用者权限 部分,结合oracle的关于所谓“精细存取控制”
在使用 sys_context() 函数的基础上

自己都可以做这么一个表出来

并且可以做一个满足你的需要的比dual更让你满意的表

hive中构建dual虚表

刚接触到hive的时候想测试有些函数的功能,习惯性的用dual却报错,例如:hive> select 1+1 from dual; FAILED: SemanticException [Error 1...
  • qq_20641565
  • qq_20641565
  • 2016年10月25日 21:30
  • 4697

HDU6050-Funny Function

Funny Function                                                                  Time Limit: 2000/100...
  • a664607530
  • a664607530
  • 2017年07月27日 22:56
  • 1077

利用dbms_metadata.get_ddl查看DDL语句(原创)

当我们想要查看某个表或者是表空间的DDL的时候,可以利用dbms_metadata.get_ddl这个包来查看。 dbms_metadata包中的get_ddl函数详细参数 GET_DDL函数返回...
  • cunxiyuan108
  • cunxiyuan108
  • 2013年10月04日 15:33
  • 4894

UVA 1378 A Funny Stone Game (经典博弈)

题目传送门 代码不是关键,关键的是 #include using namespace std; const int N=100005; int vis[80],sg[30],num[30]...
  • destiny546
  • destiny546
  • 2017年03月03日 19:44
  • 166

MySQL和ORACLE的虚拟表DUAL

在mysql里也存在和oracle里类似的dual虚拟表:官方声明纯粹是为了满足select ... from...这一习惯问题,mysql会忽略对该表的引用。 你可千万注意了: sele...
  • qq_27289001
  • qq_27289001
  • 2016年08月12日 15:24
  • 603

What is DUAL table in Oracle

起源 使用oracle的时候,我们经常会运行下面的sql得到当前系统时间: sqlSQL> select sysdate from dual; SYSDATE --------- 10-DE...
  • mapleandkw
  • mapleandkw
  • 2015年01月03日 23:38
  • 182

oracle dual table

1、DUAL表的用途 Dual 是 Oracle中的一个实际存在的表,任何用户均可读取,常用在没有目标表的Select语句块中 --查看当前连接用户 Connected to Oracle ...
  • BOBO12082119
  • BOBO12082119
  • 2011年03月09日 12:54
  • 1467

(多校)hdu 6050 Funny Function

Funny Function Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others) ...
  • nare123
  • nare123
  • 2017年07月27日 19:27
  • 1099

MySQL 当记录不存在时插入(insert if not exists、dual )

在 MySQL 中,插入(insert)一条记录很简单,但是一些特殊应用,在插入记录前,需要检查这条记录是否已经存在,只有当记录不存在时才执行插入操作,本文介绍的就是这个问题的解决方案。问题:我创建了...
  • zyyr365
  • zyyr365
  • 2011年03月02日 10:24
  • 3815

UVA 1378 - A Funny Stone Game(博弈)

UVA 1378 - A Funny Stone Game 题目链接 题意:给定n堆石头,然后每次能选i, j, k,3堆(i 思路:组合游戏,需要转化,把石子一字排开,最后肯定都...
  • u011217342
  • u011217342
  • 2014年08月06日 11:38
  • 1270
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:funny test of dual table
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)