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查询数据库当前连接数(session),进程数等操作

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查询数据库当前连接数(session),进程数等操作



查询当前数据库连接数,进程数,启动数据库

查询数据库当前进程的连接数:

  select count(*) from v$process;

  查看数据库当前会话的连接数:

  elect count(*) from v$session;

  查看数据库的并发连接数:

  select count(*) from v$session where status='ACTIVE';

  查看当前数据库建立的会话情况:

  select sid,serial#,username,program,machine,status from v$session;

  查询数据库允许的最大连接数:

  select value from v$parameter where name = 'processes';

或者:show parameter processes;

查询所有数据库的连接数

selectschemaname,count(*)fromv$sessiongroupbyschemaname;

查询终端用户使用数据库的连接情况。

selectosuser,schemaname,count(*)fromv$sessiongroupbyschemaname,osuser;

#查看当前不为空的连接
select * from v$session where username is not null

#查看不同用户的连接数

select username,count(username) from v$session where username is not null group by username

#连接数

select count(*) from v$session

#并发连接数

Select count(*) from v$session where status='ACTIVE' 

#最大连接

show parameter processes

#修改连接

alter system set processes = value scope = spfile

  修改数据库允许的最大连接数:

  alter system set processes = 300 scope = spfile;

  (需要重启数据库才能实现连接数的修改)

重启数据库:

  shutdown immediate;

  startup;

  查看当前有哪些用户正在使用数据:

  select osuser,a.username,cpu_time/executions/1000000||'s',sql_fulltext,machine

  from v$session a,v$sqlarea b

  where a.sql_address = b.address

  order by cpu_time/executions desc;

备注:UNIX 1个用户session对应一个操作系统process,而Windows体现在线程。

oracle中查询被锁的表并释放session

SELECT A.OWNER,A.OBJECT_NAME,B.XIDUSN,B.XIDSLOT,B.XIDSQN,B.SESSION_ID,B.ORACLE_USERNAME, B.OS_USER_NAME,B.PROCESS, B.LOCKED_MODE, C.MACHINE,C.STATUS,C.SERVER,C.SID,C.SERIAL#,C.PROGRAM

FROM ALL_OBJECTS A,V$LOCKED_OBJECT B,SYS.GV_$SESSION C

WHERE ( A.OBJECT_ID = B.OBJECT_ID ) AND (B.PROCESS = C.PROCESS ) ORDER BY 1,2

释放session Sql:

alter system kill session 'sid, serial#'

alter system kill session '379, 21132'

alter system kill session '374, 6938'

查看占用系统io较大的session

SELECT se.sid,se.serial#,pr.SPID,se.username,se.status,se.terminal,se.program,se.MODULE,se.sql_address,st.event,st.p1text,si.physical_reads,si.block_changes

FROM v$session se, v$session_wait st,v$sess_io si,v$process pr

WHERE st.sid=se.sid AND st.sid=si.sid AND se.PADDR=pr.ADDR AND se.sid>6 AND st.wait_time=0 AND st.event NOT LIKE '%SQL%' ORDER BY physical_reads DESC

找出耗cpu较多的session

select a.sid,spid,status,substr(a.program,1,40) prog,a.terminal,osuser,value/60/100 value

from v$session a,v$process b,v$sesstat c

where c.statistic#=12 and c.sid=a.sid and a.paddr=b.addr order by value desc

查询session被锁的sql可以用一下语句

select sys.v_$session.osuser,sys.v_$session.machine,v$lock.sid,

  sys.v_$session.serial#,

  decode(v$lock.type,

  'MR', 'Media Recovery',

  'RT','Redo Thread',

  'UN','User Name',

  'TX', 'Transaction',

  'TM', 'DML',

  'UL', 'PL/SQL User Lock',

  'DX', 'Distributed Xaction',

  'CF', 'Control File',

  'IS', 'Instance State',

  'FS', 'File Set',

  'IR', 'Instance Recovery',

  'ST', 'Disk Space Transaction',

  'TS', 'Temp Segment',

  'IV', 'Library Cache Invalida-tion',

  'LS', 'Log Start or Switch',

  'RW', 'Row Wait',

  'SQ', 'Sequence Number',

  'TE', 'Extend Table',

  'TT', 'Temp Table',

  'Unknown') LockType,

  rtrim(object_type) || ' ' || rtrim(owner) || '.' || object_name object_name,

  decode(lmode, 0, 'None',

  1, 'Null',

  2, 'Row-S',

  3, 'Row-X',

  4, 'Share',

  5, 'S/Row-X',

  6, 'Exclusive', 'Unknown') LockMode,

  decode(request, 0, 'None',

  1, 'Null',

  2, 'Row-S',

  3, 'Row-X',

  4, 'Share',

  5, 'S/Row-X',

  6, 'Exclusive', 'Unknown') RequestMode,

  ctime, block b

  from v$lock, all_objects, sys.v_$session

  where v$Lock.sid > 6

  and sys.v_$session.sid = v$lock.sid

  and v$lock.id1 = all_objects.object_id;

   启动oracle

   su - oracle

   sqlplus system/pwd as sysdba //进入sql

   startup //启动数据库

   lsnrctl start //启动监听

   sqlplus "/as sysdba"

   shutdown immediate;

   startup mount;

   alter database open;

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