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poj 2240 Arbitrage

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C - Arbitrage
Time Limit:1000MS     Memory Limit:65536KB     64bit IO Format:%I64d & %I64u

Description

Arbitrage is the use of discrepancies in currency exchange rates to transform one unit of a currency into more than one unit of the same currency. For example, suppose that 1 US Dollar buys 0.5 British pound, 1 British pound buys 10.0 French francs, and 1 French franc buys 0.21 US dollar. Then, by converting currencies, a clever trader can start with 1 US dollar and buy 0.5 * 10.0 * 0.21 = 1.05 US dollars, making a profit of 5 percent. 

Your job is to write a program that takes a list of currency exchange rates as input and then determines whether arbitrage is possible or not. 

Input

The input will contain one or more test cases. Om the first line of each test case there is an integer n (1<=n<=30), representing the number of different currencies. The next n lines each contain the name of one currency. Within a name no spaces will appear. The next line contains one integer m, representing the length of the table to follow. The last m lines each contain the name ci of a source currency, a real number rij which represents the exchange rate from ci to cj and a name cj of the destination currency. Exchanges which do not appear in the table are impossible. 
Test cases are separated from each other by a blank line. Input is terminated by a value of zero (0) for n.

Output

For each test case, print one line telling whether arbitrage is possible or not in the format "Case case: Yes" respectively "Case case: No".

Sample Input

3
USDollar
BritishPound
FrenchFranc
3
USDollar 0.5 BritishPound
BritishPound 10.0 FrenchFranc
FrenchFranc 0.21 USDollar

3
USDollar
BritishPound
FrenchFranc
6
USDollar 0.5 BritishPound
USDollar 4.9 FrenchFranc
BritishPound 10.0 FrenchFranc
BritishPound 1.99 USDollar
FrenchFranc 0.09 BritishPound
FrenchFranc 0.19 USDollar

0

Sample Output

Case 1: Yes
Case 2: No

题意:

套汇

有n个国家之间的汇率,1<=n<=30,一个人他有一个国家的钱币,然后题目给出某些国家之间的汇率,问我们套汇后是否赚取利润。

思路:

本题是有向图,a国对b国的汇率并不等于b国对a国的汇率的倒数。

这道题是有环的,设他拥有的货币为1,求经过一个环后所得钱是否比原来的高。

有floyd或者spfa都可以。

//floyd

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio>
#include <string.h>
#include <cmath>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#define N 50
#define inf 1<<29
using namespace std;
//poj 2240 有向图
//有可能增加即可
double e[N][N];
map <string,int> cur;//字符串与数字一一对应
//初始化
void init(int n)
{
    int i, j, m;
    double c;
    string a, b;
    for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        for(j = 1; j <= n; j++)
            e[i][j] = 0;
        e[i][i] = 1;//记录利率,自身利率为 1
    }
    for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        cin >> a;
        cur[a] = i;//记录进map里
    }
    scanf("%d", &m);
    while(m-->0)
    {
        cin >> a >> c >> b;
        if(e[cur[a]][cur[b]] < c)
            e[cur[a]][cur[b]] = c;//单向的
    }
}
//floyd
void floyd(int n)
{
    int i, j, k;
    for(k = 1; k <= n; k++)
        for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
            for(j = 1; j <= n; j++)
                if(e[i][j] < e[i][k] * e[k][j])//”+“变“*”,最短路的变形
                    e[i][j] = e[i][k] * e[k][j];

}
int main()
{
    int no = 0;
    int i, j;
    int n;
    int c;

    while(scanf("%d", &n) && n)
    {
        int flag = 0;
        init(n);
        floyd(n);
        for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
            if(e[i][i] > 1)//只要有可能性就是Yes
            {
                flag = 1;
                break;
            }
        if(flag)
            printf("Case %d: Yes\n", ++no);
        else
            printf("Case %d: No\n", ++no);
    }
    return 0;
}

//spfa+slf

Time Limit Exceeded......修改中......

//spfa+slf
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstdio>
#include <string.h>
#include <cmath>
#include <string>
#include <deque>
#include <map>
#define N 50
#define inf 1<<29
using namespace std;
//poj 2240 有向图
//spfa+slf
int vis[N];
int head[N];
double dis[N];
map <string,int> cur;
struct{
    int v;
    double c;
    int next;
}e[N*2];
void init(int n)
{
    int i, m;
    char a[15], b[15];
    double c;
    memset(head, -1, sizeof(head));
    for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        scanf("%s", a);
        cur[a] = i;
    }
    scanf("%d", &m);
    for(i = 1; i <= m; i++)
    {
        scanf("%s %lf %s", a, &c, b);
        e[i].v = cur[b];
        e[i].c = c;
        e[i].next = head[cur[a]];
        head[cur[a]] = i;
    }
}
bool spfa(int n, int s)
{
    memset(vis, 0, sizeof(vis));
    memset(dis, 0, sizeof(dis));
    dis[s] = 1;//到自身的距离为1
    deque<int>Q;
    Q.push_back(s);
    while(!Q.empty())
    {
        int t = Q.front();
        Q.pop_front();
        vis[t] = 0;
        for(int i = head[t]; i != -1; i = e[i].next)
        {
            int u = e[i].v;
            if(dis[u] < dis[t] * e[i].c)
            {
                dis[u]  = dis[t] * e[i].c;
                if(dis[s] > 1)
                    return 1;
                if(!vis[u])
                {
                    vis[u] = 1;
                    if(!Q.empty())
                    {
                        if(dis[u] > dis[Q.front()])
                            Q.push_back(u);
                        else
                            Q.push_front(u);
                    }
                    else
                        Q.push_back(u);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return 0;
}
int main()
{
    int n, i;
    int ca = 0;
    int flag;

    while(scanf("%d", &n) && n)
    {
        init(n);
        flag = 0;
        for(i = 1; i <= n; i++)
        {
            if(spfa(n,i))
            {
                flag = 1;
                break;
            }
        }
        if(flag)
            printf("Case %d: Yes\n", ++ca);
        else
            printf("Case %d: No\n", ++ca);
    }
    return 0;
}




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