关闭

如何使用Oracle的Decode函数进行多值判断

标签: oraclesearchsystemdatesqltable
557人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:
Decode函数的语法结构如下:
decode (expression, search_1, result_1)
decode (expression, search_1, result_1, search_2, result_2)
decode (expression, search_1, result_1, search_2, result_2, ...., search_n, result_n)

decode (expression, search_1, result_1, default)
decode (expression, search_1, result_1, search_2, result_2, default)
decode (expression, search_1, result_1, search_2, result_2, ...., search_n, result_n, default)


decode函数比较表达式和搜索字,如果匹配,返回结果;如果不匹配,返回default值;如果未定义default值,则返回空值。
以下是一个简单测试,用于说明Decode函数的用法:

 SQL> create table t as select username,default_tablespace,lock_date from dba_users;

Table created

SQL> select * from t;

USERNAME                       DEFAULT_TABLESPACE             LOCK_DATE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ -----------
SYS                            SYSTEM                        
SYSTEM                         SYSTEM                        
DBSNMP                         SYSTEM                        
SCOTT                          SYSTEM                        
OUTLN                          SYSTEM                         2007-7-30 1
WMSYS                          SYSTEM                         2007-7-30 1
ORDSYS                         SYSTEM                         2007-7-30 1
ORDPLUGINS                     SYSTEM                         2007-7-30 1
MDSYS                          SYSTEM                         2007-7-30 1
CTXSYS                         DRSYS                          2007-7-30 1
XDB                            XDB                            2007-7-30 1
ANONYMOUS                      XDB                            2007-7-30 1
WKSYS                          DRSYS                          2007-7-30 1
WKPROXY                        DRSYS                          2007-7-30 1
ODM                            ODM                            2007-7-30 1
ODM_MTR                        ODM                            2007-7-30 1
OLAPSYS                        CWMLITE                        2007-7-30 1
RMAN                           TOOLS                          2007-7-30 1
HR                             EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
OE                             EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1

USERNAME                       DEFAULT_TABLESPACE             LOCK_DATE
------------------------------ ------------------------------ -----------
PM                             EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
SH                             EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_ADM                         EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS                             EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_WS                          EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_ES                          EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_OS                          EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_CBADM                       EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_CB                          EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1
QS_CS                          EXAMPLE                        2007-7-30 1

30 rows selected

SQL> select username,decode(lock_date,null,'unlocked') status from t;

USERNAME                       STATUS
------------------------------ --------
SYS                            unlocked
SYSTEM                         unlocked
DBSNMP                         unlocked
SCOTT                          unlocked
OUTLN                         
WMSYS                         
ORDSYS                        
ORDPLUGINS                    
MDSYS                         
CTXSYS                        
XDB                           
ANONYMOUS                     
WKSYS                         
WKPROXY                       
ODM                           
ODM_MTR                       
OLAPSYS                       
RMAN                          
HR                            
OE                            

USERNAME                       STATUS
------------------------------ --------
PM                            
SH                            
QS_ADM                        
QS                            
QS_WS                         
QS_ES                         
QS_OS                         
QS_CBADM                      
QS_CB                         
QS_CS                         

30 rows selected

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:735629次
    • 积分:10847
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第1480名
    • 原创:310篇
    • 转载:185篇
    • 译文:7篇
    • 评论:126条
    最新评论
    UNIX/LINUX