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蓝牙 CoreBluetooth基本使用

标签: iOS蓝牙
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蓝牙使用步骤:

1. 扫描外设

2. 连接外设

3. 连上外设后,获取指定外设的服务

4. 获取服务后,遍历服务的特征,得到可读,可写等特征,然后与中心管理者进行数据交互

附上代码

一:导入框架

#import  <CoreBluetooth/CoreBluetooth.h>

#import <CoreLocation/CoreLocation.h>

二:设置代理,以及属性

/**

*外设数组

*/

@property(nonatomic, strong)NSMutableArray*peripherals;

/**

*  中心管理者

*/

@property(nonatomic, strong)CBCentralManager*mgr;

/*

*展示数据

*/

@property(nonatomic, strong)UITableView*tableView;

//外设

@property(nonatomic, strong)CBPeripheral*peripheral;

//特征

@property(nonatomic, strong)CBCharacteristic*characteristic;

三:方法实现

//懒加载重写getter方法

- (NSMutableArray *)peripherals

{

if(!_peripherals) {

_peripherals= [NSMutableArrayarray];

}

return_peripherals;

}

- (void)viewDidLoad

{

[superviewDidLoad];

UIBarButtonItem*buttonI = [[UIBarButtonItemalloc]initWithTitle:@"扫描"style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlaintarget:selfaction:@selector(openOrclosed)];

self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem= buttonI;

UIBarButtonItem*buttonRB = [[UIBarButtonItemalloc]initWithTitle:@"open"style:UIBarButtonItemStylePlaintarget:selfaction:@selector(openTheDoor)];

self.navigationItem.leftBarButtonItem= buttonRB;

self.tableView= [[UITableViewalloc]initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, [UIScreenmainScreen].bounds.size.height, [UIScreenmainScreen].bounds.size.height)style:UITableViewStylePlain];

[self.viewaddSubview:self.tableView];

self.tableView.delegate=self;

self.tableView.dataSource=self;

// Do any additional setup after loading the view.

}

#pragma mark - CBCentralManagerDelegate

- (void)centralManager:(CBCentralManager *)central didDiscoverPeripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral advertisementData:(NSDictionary *)advertisementData RSSI:(NSNumber *)RSSI

{

// 保存扫描到得外部设备

// 判断如果数组中不包含当前扫描到得外部设置才保存

NSLog(@"查找设备");

if (![self.peripheralscontainsObject:peripheral]) {

//        if ([peripheral.identifier.UUIDString isEqualToString:@""]) {

[self.peripheralsaddObject:peripheral];

//        peripheral.delegate = self;

[self.tableViewreloadData];

//        }

}

}

#pragma mark显示数据的tableView的代理方法

- (NSInteger)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView numberOfRowsInSection:(NSInteger)section

{

returnself.peripherals.count;

}

- (NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInTableView:(UITableView *)tableView

{

return 1;

}

- (UITableViewCell *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView cellForRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

staticNSString *cell_id =@"cell_id";

UITableViewCell *cell = [tableViewdequeueReusableCellWithIdentifier:cell_id];

if (cell ==nil) {

cell = [[UITableViewCellalloc]initWithStyle:UITableViewCellStyleDefaultreuseIdentifier:cell_id];

}

CBPeripheral *peripheral =self.peripherals[indexPath.row];

cell.textLabel.text = peripheral.name;

return cell;

}

#pragma mark tableView的点击事件

- (void)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView didSelectRowAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

{

//    self.peripheral = self.peripherals[indexPath.row];

//    self.peripheral.delegate = self;

//    ((CBPeripheral *)self.peripherals[indexPath.row]).delegate=self;

//    [self.mgr connectPeripheral:self.peripherals[indexPath.row] options:nil];

self.peripheral=self.peripherals[indexPath.row];

[self.mgrconnectPeripheral:self.peripheraloptions:nil];

self.peripheral.delegate=self;

//    ((CBPeripheral *)self.peripherals[indexPath.row]).delegate=self;

}

/**

*扫描外设

*/

- (void)openOrclosed

{

if([self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItem.titleisEqualToString:@"扫描"]) {

NSLog(@"扫描");

[self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItemsetTitle:@"断开"];

// 1.创建中心设备

//设置代理

self.mgr= [[CBCentralManageralloc] initWithDelegate:selfqueue:nil];

// 2.利用中心设备扫描外部设备

/*

如果指定数组代表只扫描指定的设备

*/

[self.mgrscanForPeripheralsWithServices:niloptions:nil];

}else {

NSLog(@"断开");

[self.mgrstopScan];

if (self.peripheral !=nil)

{

NSLog(@"disConnect start");

[self.mgrcancelPeripheralConnection:self.peripheral];

}

self.peripherals =nil;

[self.tableViewreloadData];

[self.navigationItem.rightBarButtonItemsetTitle:@"扫描"];

}

}

/**

*  连接外设成功调用

*/

- (void)centralManager:(CBCentralManager *)central didConnectPeripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral

{

//    [self showTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"链接成功"];

NSLog(@"链接成功");

// 扫描外设中得服务

[peripheraldiscoverServices:nil];

}

/**

*  连接外设失败调用

*/

- (void)centralManager:(CBCentralManager *)central didDisconnectPeripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral error:(NSError *)error

{

//    [self showTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"链接失败"];

NSLog(@"链接失败");

}

#pragma makr - CBPeripheralDelegate

/**

*  只要扫描到服务就会调用

*

*  @param peripheral服务所在的外设

*/

- (void)peripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral didDiscoverServices:(NSError *)error

{

NSLog(@"扫描服务");

//    [self showTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"扫描服务"];

// 获取外设中所有扫描到得服务

NSArray *services = peripheral.services;

for (CBService *servicein services) {

//拿到需要的服务

NSLog(@"%@", service.UUID.UUIDString);

if ([service.UUID.UUIDStringisEqualToString:RX_SERVICE_UUID])

{

[selfshowTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"拿到了对应的服务了"];

//从需要的服务中查找需要的特征

//从peripheral中得service中扫描特征

[peripheraldiscoverCharacteristics:nilforService:service];

}

}

}

/**

*  只要扫描到特征就会调用

*

*  @param peripheral特征所属的外设

*  @param service特征所属的服务

*/

- (void)peripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral didDiscoverCharacteristicsForService:(CBService *)service error:(NSError *)error

{

NSLog(@"扫描特征");

// 拿到服务中所有的特征

NSArray *characteristics =  service.characteristics;

// 遍历特征, 拿到需要的特征处理

for (CBCharacteristic * characteristicin characteristics) {

if ([characteristic.UUID.UUIDStringisEqualToString:RX_CHAR_UUID]) {

//            [self showTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"拿到只读的的特征了"];

NSLog(@"拿到可写的的特征了");

//            characteristic.value

NSString *valueStr = [[NSStringalloc]initWithData:characteristic.valueencoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

NSLog(@"%@????", valueStr);

self.characteristic = characteristic;

[selfshowTheAlertViewWithMassage:valueStr];

}

if ([characteristic.UUID.UUIDStringisEqualToString:TX_CHAR_UUID]) {

}

}

}

- (void)centralManagerDidUpdateState:(CBCentralManager *)central

{

NSLog(@"检测代理方法");

if (central.state == 5) {

[self.mgrscanForPeripheralsWithServices:niloptions:nil];

//        [self showTheAlertViewWithMassage:@"手机蓝牙处于可用状态"];

}

NSLog(@"%ld,%@", central.state, central);

}

#pragma mark发送消息成功

- (void)peripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral didWriteValueForCharacteristic:(CBCharacteristic *)characteristic error:(NSError *)error

{

NSLog(@"发送消息的回调");

NSLog(@"----%@", error);

if (!error) {

NSLog(@"??????????");

}

}

#pragma mark处理蓝牙发送过来的数据

- (void)peripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral didWriteValueForDescriptor:(CBDescriptor *)descriptor error:(NSError *)error

{

NSLog(@"接收到数据");

}

- (void)peripheral:(CBPeripheral *)peripheral didUpdateValueForCharacteristic:(CBCharacteristic *)characteristic error:(NSError *)error

{

NSLog(@">>>>>>>");

if (error)

{

NSLog(@"Error updating value for characteristic %@ error: %@", characteristic.UUID, [errorlocalizedDescription]);

//        if ([_mainMenuDelegate respondsToSelector:@selector(DidNotifyReadError:)])

//            [_mainMenuDelegate DidNotifyReadError:error];

//

//        return;

}

NSMutableData *recvData;

[recvDataappendData:characteristic.value];

if ([recvDatalength] >= 5)//已收到长度

{

unsignedchar *buffer = (unsignedchar *)[recvDatabytes];

int nLen = buffer[3]*256 + buffer[4];

if ([recvDatalength] == (nLen+3+2+2))

{

//接收完毕,通知代理做事

//            if ([_mainMenuDelegate respondsToSelector:@selector(DidNotifyReadData)])

//                [_mainMenuDelegate DidNotifyReadData];

NSLog(@"???????");

}

}

}

- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning

{

[superdidReceiveMemoryWarning];

// Dispose of any resources that can be recreated.

}

- (void)showTheAlertViewWithMassage:(NSString *)massage

{

UIAlertView*alertV = [[UIAlertViewalloc] initWithTitle:@"温馨提示"message:massage delegate:selfcancelButtonTitle:@"确定"otherButtonTitles:nil];

[alertVshow];

}

- (void)openTheDoor

{

NSLog(@"拿到了可读可写的特征了");

//    self.peripheral.delegate = self;

//    characteristic.value = [string dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

//    characteristic.value = [NSData dataWithBytes:string.UTF8String length:string.length];

//    [self.peripheral writeValue:data forCharacteristic:self.characteristic type:CBCharacteristicWriteWithResponse];

//    [self.peripheral setNotifyValue:NO forCharacteristic:self.characteristic];

[selfwriteString:@"OLWANDA_IL12345678"];

}

- (void) writeString:(NSString *) string

{

NSData *data = [NSDatadataWithBytes:string.UTF8Stringlength:string.length];

//       NSLog(@"%@",self.characteristic.UUID.UUIDString);

self.peripheral.delegate=self;

NSLog(@"%@",self.peripheral.delegate);

if((self.characteristic.properties& CBCharacteristicPropertyWriteWithoutResponse) != 0)

{

[self.peripheralwriteValue:dataforCharacteristic:self.characteristictype:CBCharacteristicWriteWithoutResponse];

}

elseif((self.characteristic.properties& CBCharacteristicPropertyWrite) != 0)

{

[self.peripheralwriteValue:dataforCharacteristic:self.characteristictype:CBCharacteristicWriteWithResponse];

}

else

{

NSLog(@"No write property on TX characteristic, %ld.",self.characteristic.properties);

}

//   

}


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