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[Ubuntu--Shell]ubuntu下一些压缩文件格式的解压与压缩

标签: ubuntucommand
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   问题描述:刚在电脑安装了ubuntu12.04.02系统,之前并没有接触过,于是迫不及待的开始体验一番。但的确有太多的跟Windows不一样的东西,于是边上网边试探。下载了一个学习文档,但是是.zip格式的,于是在网上找了找怎么解压这个文档的方法。解决办法转自http://hi.baidu.com/remoteexp/item/1c32d0ffb92e946c3c148596
   转载内容:
   一般通过默认安装的ubuntu是不能解压rar文件的,只有在安装了rar解压工具之后,才可以解压。其实在ubuntu下安装rar解压工具是非常简单的,只需要两个步骤就可以迅速搞定。
1. ubuntu 下rar解压工具安装方法:
压缩功能
安装 sudo apt-get install rar
卸载 sudo apt-get remove rar
解压功能
安装 sudo apt-get install unrar
卸载 sudo apt-get remove unrar

2. ubuntu解压命令全览
.tar
解包:tar xvf FileName.tar
打包:tar cvf FileName.tar DirName
注:tar是打包,不是压缩!
~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~
.gz
解压1:gunzip FileName.gz
解压2:gzip -d FileName.gz
压缩:gzip FileName
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.tar.gz 和 .tgz
解压:tar zxvf FileName.tar.gz
压缩:tar zcvf FileName.tar.gz DirName
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.bz2
解压1:bzip2 -d FileName.bz2
解压2:bunzip2 FileName.bz2
压缩: bzip2 -z FileName
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.tar.bz2
解压:tar jxvf FileName.tar.bz2
压缩:tar jcvf FileName.tar.bz2 DirName
~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~
.bz
解压1:bzip2 -d FileName.bz
解压2:bunzip2 FileName.bz
压缩:未知
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.tar.bz
解压:tar jxvf FileName.tar.bz
压缩:未知
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.Z
解压:uncompress FileName.Z
压缩:compress FileName
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.tar.Z
解压:tar Zxvf FileName.tar.Z
压缩:tar Zcvf FileName.tar.Z DirName
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.zip
解压:unzip FileName.zip
压缩:zip FileName.zip DirName
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.rar
解压:rar x FileName.rar
压缩:rar a FileName.rar DirName
rar请到:http://www.rarsoft.com/download.htm 下载!
解压后请将rar_static拷贝到/usr/bin目录(其他由$PATH环境变量指定的目录也可以):
[root@www2 tmp]# cp rar_static /usr/bin/rar
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.lha
解压:lha -e FileName.lha
压缩:lha -a FileName.lha FileName
lha请到:http://www.infor.kanazawa-it.ac.jp/~ishii/lhaunix/下载!
>解压后请将lha拷贝到/usr/bin目录(其他由$PATH环境变量指定的目录也可以):
[root@www2 tmp]# cp lha /usr/bin/
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.rpm
解包:rpm2cpio FileName.rpm | cpio -div
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.deb
解包:ar p FileName.deb data.tar.gz | tar zxf -
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tar .tgz .tar.gz .tar.Z .tar.bz .tar.bz2 .zip .cpio .rpm .deb .slp.arj .rar .ace .lha .lzh .lzx .lzs .arc .sda .sfx .lnx .zoo .cab.kar .cpt .pit .sit .sea
解压:sEx x FileName.*
压缩:sEx a FileName.* FileName
   遇到问题:下载的文件放在“主文件夹”下的“下载”中,使用unzip命令时提示找不到,于是将文档移动到“主文件夹”下,然后再使用unzip命令,解压成功,但文件名有乱码,手动改了改就行了。还有太多Linux概念和操作都不了解,继续体验体验。
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