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批量更新的sql语句写法

标签: sqltablejoinsqlserveroracledb2
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--Table1字段:fId,Field1,Field2
--Table2字段:fId,Field21,Field22
UPDATE Table1  
SET Field1 = Field21, Field2 = Field22  
FROM Table2 t2  WHERE Table1.fId = t2.fId);

 

批量更新表时,update一个表的列时,需要依赖另外的表,这种依赖可以是where条件子句,也可以要update的field的值依赖另外的表  
   通常有两种做法  
   1.使用存储过程  
   2.在程序代码里逐条循环执行  
这里给出一种更高效、简洁的做法,批量更新SQL ,一句SQL就可以替代麻烦的循环过程,有MS SQLServer、Oracle、DB2下的写法  
--关键点:t4和t1是同一个table,primary key肯定也是同一个,  
--并以它进行关联,这样在 select语句里即可引用到要update的表的fields  
----------------------------MS SQLServer --------------------------------------  
 
UPDATE t1  
SET Field1 = Field21, Field2 = Field22  
FROM Table2 t2  
         INNER JOIN Table3 t3  
              ON t3.Field31 = t2.Field23  
         INNER JOIN Table4 t4  
              ON t3.Field32 = t4.Filed41  
WHERE ((t2.Field24 >= '')  
                  AND t1.fId = t4.fId);  
----------------------------Oracle --------------------------------------------  
 
UPDATE Table1 t1  
SET (Field1,Field2) = (SELECT Field21, Field22  
                       FROM Table2 t2  
                            INNER JOIN Table3 t3  
                                 ON t3.Field31 = t2.Field23  
                            INNER JOIN Table4 t4  
                                 ON t3.Field32 = t4.Filed41  
                       WHERE ((t2.Field24 >= '')  
                                 AND t1.fId = t4.fId))  
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT Field21, Field22  
              FROM Table2 t2  
                   INNER JOIN Table3 t3  
                        ON t3.Field31 = t2.Field23  
                   INNER JOIN Table4 t4  
                        ON t3.Field32 = t4.Filed41  
              WHERE ((t2.Field24 >= '')  
                               AND t1.fId = t4.fId));  
---------------------------------DB2 ------------------------------------------  
 
UPDATE Table1 AS t1  
SET (Field1,Field2) = (SELECT Field21, Field22  
                       FROM Table2 t2  
                            INNER JOIN Table3 t3  
                                 ON t3.Field31 = t2.Field23  
                            INNER JOIN Table4 t4  
                                 ON t3.Field32 = t4.Filed41  
                       WHERE ((t2.Field24 >= '')  
                                         AND t1.fId = t4.fId))  
WHERE EXISTS (SELECT Field21, Field22  
              FROM Table2 t2  
                   INNER JOIN Table3 t3  
                        ON t3.Field31 = t2.Field23  
                   INNER JOIN Table4 t4  
                        ON t3.Field32 = t4.Filed41  
              WHERE ((t2.Field24 >= '')  
                                AND t1.fId = t4.fId)); 

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