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elasticsearch-hadoop使用记录

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elasticsearch-hadoop是一个深度集成Hadoop和ElasticSearch的项目,也是ES官方来维护的一个子项目,通过实现Hadoop和ES之间的输入输出,可以在Hadoop里面对ES集群的数据进行读取和写入,充分发挥Map-Reduce并行处理的优势,为Hadoop数据带来实时搜索的可能。 
项目网址:http://www.elasticsearch.org/overview/hadoop/

运行环境: 
CDH4、ElasticSearch0.90.2

http://www.cloudera.com/content/cloudera-content/cloudera-docs/CDH4/latest/CDH4-Quick-Start/cdh4qs_topic_3_3.html

https://github.com/medcl/elasticsearch-rtf

Hive和ES的互操作: 
#安装,HIVE里面添加ElasticSearch-Hadoop的JAR路径 
#下载hadoop-es jar包,https://download.elasticsearch.org/hadoop/hadoop-latest.zip

#Hive加载的JAR路径为本地路径

[medcl@node-1 ~]$ ls
elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
[medcl@node-1 ~]$ pwd
/home/medcl
[medcl@node-1 ~]$ hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/home/medcl/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/etc/hive/conf.dist/hive-log4j.properties
Hive history file=/tmp/medcl/hive_job_log_94db3616-e210-4aab-b07b-6fb159e217ec_1758848920.txt

#ElasticSearch集群名为"elasticsearch",和Hadoop在一个机器上

#Hive里面创建一个Table(user),并使用Hadoop-ElasticSearch关联一个索引(/index/user),2个字段,id和name

CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user  (id INT, name STRING,site STRING)
STORED BY 'org.elasticsearch.hadoop.hive.ESStorageHandler'
TBLPROPERTIES('es.resource' = 'index/user/',
              'es.index.auto.create' = 'true')
在medcl用下操作:
CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user  (id INT, name STRING)
STORED BY 'org.elasticsearch.hadoop.hive.ESStorageHandler'
TBLPROPERTIES('es.resource' = '/index/user/',
              'es.index.auto.create' = 'true');
 
 
FAILED: Execution Error, return code 1 from org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.DDLTask
hive> CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user  (id INT, name STRING)
    > STORED BY 'org.elasticsearch.hadoop.hive.ESStorageHandler'
    > TBLPROPERTIES('es.resource' = 'medcl/',
    >               'es.index.auto.create' = 'false');
FAILED: Error in metadata: MetaException(message:Got exception: org.apache.hadoop.security.AccessControlException Permission denied: user=medcl, access=WRITE, inode="/user":hdfs:supergroup:drwxr-xr-x
 
#擦,看下权限
[medcl@node-1 ~]$ hadoop fs -lsr /
lsr: DEPRECATED: Please use 'ls -R' instead.
drwxrwxrwt   - hdfs supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:19 /tmp
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:25 /user
drwxr-xr-x   - medcl supergroup          0 2013-12-17 00:30 /user/medcl
drwxr-xr-x   - medcl supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:32 /user/medcl/input
-rw-r--r--   1 medcl supergroup    2801897 2013-12-16 22:32 /user/medcl/input/file1.txt
drwxr-xr-x   - medcl supergroup          0 2013-12-17 00:30 /user/medcl/lib
-rw-r--r--   1 medcl supergroup     160414 2013-12-17 00:30 /user/medcl/lib/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs  supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:20 /var
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs  supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:20 /var/lib
#原来user目录权限是hdfs,ok,切换hdfs,jar也换个hdfs用户可以访问到的位置,就/tmp吧
[root@node-1 medcl]# cp elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar  /tmp/
[root@node-1 medcl]# ^C
[root@node-1 medcl]# sudo -u hdfs hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/etc/hive/conf.dist/hive-log4j.properties
Hive history file=/tmp/hdfs/hive_job_log_bdad4d7a-f929-43d7-a56e-e026fdd7e3b4_1219802521.txt
hive> CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user  (id INT, name STRING)
    > STORED BY 'org.elasticsearch.hadoop.hive.ESStorageHandler'
    > TBLPROPERTIES('es.resource' = '/index/user/',
    >               'es.index.auto.create' = 'false');
2013-12-16 17:09:29.560 GMT Thread[main,5,main] java.io.FileNotFoundException: derby.log (Permission denied)
----------------------------------------------------------------
2013-12-16 17:09:29.877 GMT:
 Booting Derby version The Apache Software Foundation - Apache Derby - 10.4.2.0 - (689064): instance a816c00e-0142-fc62-4b5c-000000cec758
on database directory /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db in READ ONLY mode 
 
Database Class Loader started - derby.database.classpath=''
FAILED: Error in metadata: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient
FAILED: Execution Error, return code 1 from org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.DDLTask
 
#ok,干掉lock
[root@node-1 ~]# ls /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db
dbex.lck  db.lck  log  seg0  service.properties  tmp
[root@node-1 ~]# rm /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/dbex.lck 
rm: remove regular file `/var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/dbex.lck'? y
[root@node-1 ~]# rm /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/db.lck 
rm: remove regular file `/var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/db.lck'? y
 
#另外忘记关另外一个hive实例了,难怪呢。
[root@node-1 tmp]# ps -aux|grep hive
Warning: bad syntax, perhaps a bogus '-'? See /usr/share/doc/procps-3.2.8/FAQ
root     10855  0.0  0.1 148024  2064 pts/0    S+   01:09   0:00 sudo -u hdfs hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
hdfs     10856  1.8  5.7 858344 109892 pts/0   Sl+  01:09   0:06 /usr/lib/jvm/java-openjdk/bin/java -Xmx256m -Dhadoop.log.dir=/usr/lib/hadoop/logs -Dhadoop.log.file=hadoop.log -Dhadoop.home.dir=/usr/lib/hadoop -Dhadoop.id.str= -Dhadoop.root.logger=INFO,console -Djava.library.path=/usr/lib/hadoop/lib/native -Dhadoop.policy.file=hadoop-policy.xml -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Dhadoop.security.logger=INFO,NullAppender org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar /usr/lib/hive/lib/hive-cli-0.10.0-cdh4.5.0.jar org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
 
 
#权限问题
[root@node-1 tmp]# ll /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/
total 16
drwxrwxr-x 2 medcl medcl 4096 Dec 17 00:56 log
drwxrwxr-x 2 medcl medcl 4096 Dec 17 00:56 seg0
-rw-rw-r-- 1 medcl medcl  860 Dec 17 00:56 service.properties
drwxrwxr-x 2 medcl medcl 4096 Dec 17 01:01 tmp
[root@node-1 tmp]# sudo -u hdfs hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar^C
[root@node-1 tmp]# chmod 777 /var/lib/hive/metastore/metastore_db/ -R
[root@node-1 tmp]# sudo -u hdfs hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/etc/hive/conf.dist/hive-log4j.properties
Hive history file=/tmp/hdfs/hive_job_log_d5749cb0-fde0-4da2-9094-c85cf4673885_252074310.txt
hive> show tables;
OK
Time taken: 6.934 seconds
hive> CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user  (id INT, name STRING)
    > STORED BY 'org.elasticsearch.hadoop.hive.ESStorageHandler'
    > TBLPROPERTIES('es.resource' = '/index/user/',
    >               'es.index.auto.create' = 'true');
OK
Time taken: 1.115 seconds
 
#ok,创建成功了
hive> show tables;
OK
user
Time taken: 0.15 seconds
hive> 
 
#权限问题是Hive默认仓库路径造成的,生疏了
[root@node-1 tmp]# sudo su hdfs
bash-4.1$ hadoop fs -lsr /
lsr: DEPRECATED: Please use 'ls -R' instead.
drwxrwxrwt   - hdfs supergroup          0 2013-12-16 22:19 /tmp
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs supergroup          0 2013-12-17 01:20 /user
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs  supergroup          0 2013-12-17 01:20 /user/hive
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs  supergroup          0 2013-12-17 01:20 /user/hive/warehouse
drwxr-xr-x   - hdfs  supergroup          0 2013-12-17 01:20 /user/hive/warehouse/user
 
#好了,开始往HIVE里面倒数据了,先来几行数据
[root@node-1 tmp]# cat files1.txt 
1,medcl
2,lcdem
3,tom
4,jack
 
#传上去
[root@node-1 tmp]# sudo su hdfs
bash-4.1$ hadoop fs -put files1.txt /tmp/
bash-4.1$ hadoop fs -ls /tmp/
Found 1 items
-rw-r--r--   1 hdfs supergroup         29 2013-12-17 01:28 /tmp/files1.txt
 
#加载到Hive里面
hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
#LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH '/tmp/files1.txt' OVERWRITE INTO TABLE user_source; 
#CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user_source  (id INT, name STRING);
 
#不是原始Hive表,还不能直接LOAD
bash-4.1$ hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/etc/hive/conf.dist/hive-log4j.properties
Hive history file=/tmp/hdfs/hive_job_log_a9516f87-6e2d-44db-9d38-18eed77d9dec_1583221137.txt
hive> LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH '/tmp/files1.txt' OVERWRITE INTO TABLE user; 
FAILED: SemanticException [Error 10101]: A non-native table cannot be used as target for LOAD
hive> CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE user_source  (id INT, name STRING);
OK
Time taken: 1.104 seconds
hive> LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH '/tmp/files1.txt' OVERWRITE INTO TABLE user_source; 
Copying data from file:/tmp/files1.txt
Copying file: file:/tmp/files1.txt
Loading data to table default.user_source
Table default.user_source stats: [num_partitions: 0, num_files: 1, num_rows: 0, total_size: 29, raw_data_size: 0]
OK
Time taken: 0.911 seconds
hive> show tables;
OK
user
user_source
Time taken: 0.226 seconds
 
#下面这个错误是因为es-hadoop的jar文件没有传到HDFS上面,看来本地和HDFS都要上传,并且路径要一致
hive> select id,name from  user_source;
Total MapReduce jobs = 1
Launching Job 1 out of 1
Number of reduce tasks is set to 0 since there's no reduce operator
java.io.FileNotFoundException: File does not exist: /tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
  at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.DistributedFileSystem.getFileStatus(DistributedFileSystem.java:824)
  at org.apache.hadoop.filecache.DistributedCache.getFileStatus(DistributedCache.java:185)
  at org.apache.hadoop.filecache.TrackerDistributedCacheManager.determineTimestamps(TrackerDistributedCacheManager.java:821)
  at org.apache.hadoop.filecache.TrackerDistributedCacheManager.determineTimestampsAndCacheVisibilities(TrackerDistributedCacheManager.java:778)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient.copyAndConfigureFiles(JobClient.java:855)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient.copyAndConfigureFiles(JobClient.java:746)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient.access$400(JobClient.java:177)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient$2.run(JobClient.java:963)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient$2.run(JobClient.java:948)
  at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
  at javax.security.auth.Subject.doAs(Subject.java:415)
  at org.apache.hadoop.security.UserGroupInformation.doAs(UserGroupInformation.java:1408)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient.submitJobInternal(JobClient.java:948)
  at org.apache.hadoop.mapred.JobClient.submitJob(JobClient.java:922)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.ExecDriver.execute(ExecDriver.java:448)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.MapRedTask.execute(MapRedTask.java:138)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.Task.executeTask(Task.java:138)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.TaskRunner.runSequential(TaskRunner.java:66)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.launchTask(Driver.java:1383)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.execute(Driver.java:1169)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.run(Driver.java:982)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.Driver.run(Driver.java:902)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processLocalCmd(CliDriver.java:259)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processCmd(CliDriver.java:216)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.processLine(CliDriver.java:412)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:759)
  at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:613)
  at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
  at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
  at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
  at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606)
  at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:208)
Job Submission failed with exception 'java.io.FileNotFoundException(File does not exist: /tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar)'
FAILED: Execution Error, return code 1 from org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.exec.MapRedTask
 
 
#ok,再看看
bash-4.1$ hadoop fs -put elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar  /tmp/
bash-4.1$ hive -hiveconf hive.aux.jars.path=/tmp/elasticsearch-hadoop-1.3.0.M1.jar
Logging initialized using configuration in file:/etc/hive/conf.dist/hive-log4j.properties
Hive history file=/tmp/hdfs/hive_job_log_28ea1fbc-dc3b-4e62-9f47-1a88eed30069_1310993479.txt
hive> select id,name from  user_source;
Total MapReduce jobs = 1
Launching Job 1 out of 1
Number of reduce tasks is set to 0 since there's no reduce operator
Starting Job = job_201312162220_0004, Tracking URL = http://localhost:50030/jobdetails.jsp?jobid=job_201312162220_0004
Kill Command = /usr/lib/hadoop/bin/hadoop job  -kill job_201312162220_0004
Hadoop job information for Stage-1: number of mappers: 1; number of reducers: 0
2013-12-17 01:36:28,086 Stage-1 map = 0%,  reduce = 0%
2013-12-17 01:36:34,141 Stage-1 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 0.88 sec
2013-12-17 01:36:35,162 Stage-1 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 0.88 sec
2013-12-17 01:36:36,177 Stage-1 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 0.88 sec
2013-12-17 01:36:37,184 Stage-1 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 0.88 sec
2013-12-17 01:36:38,204 Stage-1 map = 100%,  reduce = 100%, Cumulative CPU 0.88 sec
MapReduce Total cumulative CPU time: 880 msec
Ended Job = job_201312162220_0004
MapReduce Jobs Launched: 
Job 0: Map: 1   Cumulative CPU: 0.88 sec   HDFS Read: 247 HDFS Write: 24 SUCCESS
Total MapReduce CPU Time Spent: 880 msec
OK
NULL	NULL
NULL	NULL
NULL	NULL
NULL	NULL
Time taken: 25.999 seconds
 
#慢,数据怎么是空的,建成外表了(EXTERNAL),没有设置默认的分隔符,好纠结
hive> drop table user_source;                                                                        
OK
Time taken: 0.649 seconds
hive> CREATE TABLE user_source  (id INT, name STRING) ROW FORMAT DELIMITED FIELDS TERMINATED BY ',';
OK
Time taken: 0.109 seconds
hive> LOAD DATA LOCAL INPATH '/tmp/files1.txt' INTO TABLE user_source;                              
Copying data from file:/tmp/files1.txt
Copying file: file:/tmp/files1.txt
Loading data to table default.user_source
Table default.user_source stats: [num_partitions: 0, num_files: 1, num_rows: 0, total_size: 29, raw_data_size: 0]
OK
Time taken: 0.348 seconds
hive> select * from  user_source;                                                                   
OK
1	medcl
2	lcdem
3	tom
4	jack
Time taken: 0.155 seconds
 
#源表现在有了,导入到ES所在的表里面去
 
hive> INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE user
    >     SELECT s.id, s.name FROM user_source s;
Total MapReduce jobs = 1
Launching Job 1 out of 1
Number of reduce tasks is set to 0 since there's no reduce operator
Starting Job = job_201312162220_0005, Tracking URL = http://localhost:50030/jobdetails.jsp?jobid=job_201312162220_0005
Kill Command = /usr/lib/hadoop/bin/hadoop job  -kill job_201312162220_0005
Hadoop job information for Stage-0: number of mappers: 1; number of reducers: 0
2013-12-17 01:50:52,141 Stage-0 map = 0%,  reduce = 0%
2013-12-17 01:51:03,220 Stage-0 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 1.16 sec
2013-12-17 01:51:04,243 Stage-0 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 1.16 sec
2013-12-17 01:51:05,254 Stage-0 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 1.16 sec
2013-12-17 01:51:06,266 Stage-0 map = 100%,  reduce = 0%, Cumulative CPU 1.16 sec
2013-12-17 01:51:07,294 Stage-0 map = 100%,  reduce = 100%, Cumulative CPU 1.16 sec
MapReduce Total cumulative CPU time: 1 seconds 160 msec
Ended Job = job_201312162220_0005
4 Rows loaded to user
MapReduce Jobs Launched: 
Job 0: Map: 1   Cumulative CPU: 1.16 sec   HDFS Read: 247 HDFS Write: 0 SUCCESS
Total MapReduce CPU Time Spent: 1 seconds 160 msec
OK
Time taken: 21.849 seconds
hive> select * from user;
OK
Failed with exception java.io.IOException:java.lang.IllegalStateException: [GET] on [/index/user/&search_type=scan&scroll=10m&size=50&preference=_shards:4;_only_node:MP7Zl3owTRm8O2V6cWvOSg] failed; server[http://10.0.2.15:9200] returned [{"_index":"index","_type":"user","_id":"&search_type=scan&scroll=10m&size=50&preference=_shards:4;_only_node:MP7Zl3owTRm8O2V6cWvOSg","exists":false}]
Time taken: 0.387 seconds
 
#可以看出来hadoop-elasticsearch翻译出来的查询语句好像有问题!不过elasticsearch里面已经有数据了,反正暂时不需要用hive来执行查询,先官方发个issue吧。
 
#ES查询结果
bash-4.1$ curl localhost:9200/index/user/_search?q=*&pretty=true
[1] 13588
bash-4.1$ {"took":3,"timed_out":false,"_shards":{"total":5,"successful":5,"failed":0},"hits":{"total":4,"max_score":1.0,"hits":[{"_index":"index","_type":"user","_id":"3x4bEcriRvS6AHkX2Sb7UA","_score":1.0, "_source" : {"id":2,"name":"lcdem"}},{"_index":"index","_type":"user","_id":"_3rGVWhaTSCixYxRzBUSLQ","_score":1.0, "_source" : {"id":4,"name":"jack"}},{"_index":"index","_type":"user","_id":"T-Q_icjgR8ehsH3IV-twWw","_score":1.0, "_source" : {"id":1,"name":"medcl"}},{"_index":"index","_type":"user","_id":"Vdz0sryBT5u0e9hfoMY8Tg","_score":1.0, "_source" : {"id":3,"name":"tom"}}]}}

#接下来试试大量数据bulk导入的性能,是不是真的做到data locality。


elasticsearch-hadoop下载地址:https://github.com/elastic/elasticsearch-hadoop



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