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使用快捷键触发action

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package swing;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.EventQueue;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;

import javax.swing.*;

public class ActionTest {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
   @Override
   public void run() {
    ActionFrame frame = new ActionFrame();
    frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
    frame.setVisible(true);
   }
  });
 }
}

class ActionFrame extends JFrame {
 public ActionFrame() {
  this.setTitle("Action Test");
  this.setSize(DEFAULT_WIDTH, DEFAULT_HEIGHT);
  
  buttonPanel = new JPanel();
  
  //定义动作
  Action yellowAction = new ColorAction("Yellow", new ImageIcon("ball.gif"), Color.YELLOW);
  Action blueAction = new ColorAction("Blue", new ImageIcon("ball.gif"), Color.BLUE);
  Action redAction = new ColorAction("Red", new ImageIcon("ball.gif"), Color.RED);
  
  //添加按钮,这些按钮有自己的动作
  buttonPanel.add(new JButton(yellowAction));
  buttonPanel.add(new JButton(blueAction));
  buttonPanel.add(new JButton(redAction));
  
  this.add(buttonPanel);
  
  //存储快捷键和名称到对应的面板中
  InputMap inputMap = buttonPanel.getInputMap(JComponent.WHEN_ANCESTOR_OF_FOCUSED_COMPONENT);
  inputMap.put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("ctrl Y"), "panel.yellow");
  inputMap.put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("ctrl B"), "panel.blue");
  inputMap.put(KeyStroke.getKeyStroke("ctrl R"), "panel.red");
  
  //将名称和动作绑定起来
  ActionMap actionMap = buttonPanel.getActionMap();
  actionMap.put("panel.yellow", yellowAction);
  actionMap.put("panel.blue", blueAction);
  actionMap.put("panel.red", redAction);
 }
 
 public class ColorAction extends AbstractAction {

  public ColorAction(String name, Icon icon, Color c) {
   this.putValue(Action.NAME, name);
   this.putValue(Action.SMALL_ICON, icon);
   this.putValue(Action.SHORT_DESCRIPTION, "set panel color to " + name.toLowerCase());
   this.putValue("color", c);
  }
  @Override
  public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event) {
   Color c = (Color) this.getValue("color");
   buttonPanel.setBackground(c);
  }
  
 }
 
 public static final int DEFAULT_WIDTH = 300;
 public static final int DEFAULT_HEIGHT = 200;
 
 private JPanel buttonPanel;
}

 

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