图片切割效果

转载 2011年01月18日 11:47:00


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312" />
<title>JavaScript 图片切割效果(带拖放、缩放效果) </title>
</head>
<body>

<style type="text/css">
#rRightDown,#rLeftDown,#rLeftUp,#rRightUp,#rRight,#rLeft,#rUp,#rDown{position:absolute;background:#F00;width:5px; height:5px; z-index:500; font-size:0;}
#dragDiv{border:1px solid #000000;}
</style>
<table width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0">
<tr>
<td width="50%"><div id="bgDiv" style="width:400px; height:500px;">
<div id="dragDiv">
<div id="rRightDown" style="right:0; bottom:0;"> </div>
<div id="rLeftDown" style="left:0; bottom:0;"> </div>
<div id="rRightUp" style="right:0; top:0;"> </div>
<div id="rLeftUp" style="left:0; top:0;"> </div>
<div id="rRight" style="right:0; top:50%;"> </div>
<div id="rLeft" style="left:0; top:50%;"> </div>
<div id="rUp" style="top:0; left:50%;"> </div>
<div id="rDown" style="bottom:0;left:50%;"></div>
</div>
</div></td>
<td><div id="viewDiv" style="width:200px; height:200px;"> </div></td>
</tr>
</table>
<script>

var $ = function (id) {
return "string" == typeof id ? document.getElementById(id) : id;
};

var isIE = (document.all) ? true : false;

function addEventHandler(oTarget, sEventType, fnHandler) {
    if (oTarget.addEventListener) {
        oTarget.addEventListener(sEventType, fnHandler, false);
    } else if (oTarget.attachEvent) {
        oTarget.attachEvent("on" + sEventType, fnHandler);
    } else {
        oTarget["on" + sEventType] = fnHandler;
    }
};

function removeEventHandler(oTarget, sEventType, fnHandler) {
if (oTarget.removeEventListener) {
oTarget.removeEventListener(sEventType, fnHandler, false);
} else if (oTarget.detachEvent) {
oTarget.detachEvent("on" + sEventType, fnHandler);
} else {
oTarget["on" + sEventType] = null;
}
};


var Class = {
create: function() {
return function() {
this.initialize.apply(this, arguments);
}
}
}

Object.extend = function(destination, source) {
for (var property in source) {
destination[property] = source[property];
}
return destination;
}

//拖放程序
var Drag = Class.create();
Drag.prototype = {
//拖放对象,触发对象
initialize: function(obj, drag, options) {
var oThis = this;
    
    this._obj = $(obj);//拖放对象
    this.Drag = $(drag);//触发对象
    this._x = this._y = 0;//记录鼠标相对拖放对象的位置
    //事件对象(用于移除事件)
    this._fM = function(e){ oThis.Move(window.event || e); }
    this._fS = function(){ oThis.Stop(); }
    
    this.SetOptions(options);
    
    this.Limit = !!this.options.Limit;
    this.mxLeft = parseInt(this.options.mxLeft);
    this.mxRight = parseInt(this.options.mxRight);
    this.mxTop = parseInt(this.options.mxTop);
    this.mxBottom = parseInt(this.options.mxBottom);
    
    this.onMove = this.options.onMove;
    
    this._obj.style.position = "absolute";
    addEventHandler(this.Drag, "mousedown", function(e){ oThis.Start(window.event || e); });
},
//设置默认属性
SetOptions: function(options) {
this.options = {//默认值
        Limit:        false,//是否设置限制(为true时下面参数有用,可以是负数)
        mxLeft:        0,//左边限制
        mxRight:    0,//右边限制
        mxTop:        0,//上边限制
        mxBottom:    0,//下边限制
        onMove:        function(){}//移动时执行
};
Object.extend(this.options, options || {});
},
//准备拖动
Start: function(oEvent) {
    //记录鼠标相对拖放对象的位置
    this._x = oEvent.clientX - this._obj.offsetLeft;
    this._y = oEvent.clientY - this._obj.offsetTop;
    //mousemove时移动 mouseup时停止
    addEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fM);
    addEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
    //使鼠标移到窗口外也能释放
    if(isIE){
        addEventHandler(this.Drag, "losecapture", this._fS);
        this.Drag.setCapture();
    }else{
        addEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
    }
},
//拖动
Move: function(oEvent) {
    //清除选择(ie设置捕获后默认带这个)
    window.getSelection && window.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
    //当前鼠标位置减去相对拖放对象的位置得到offset位置
    var iLeft = oEvent.clientX - this._x, iTop = oEvent.clientY - this._y;
    //设置范围限制
    if(this.Limit){
        //获取超出长度
        var iRight = iLeft + this._obj.offsetWidth - this.mxRight, iBottom = iTop + this._obj.offsetHeight - this.mxBottom;
        //这里是先设置右边下边再设置左边上边,可能会不准确
        if(iRight > 0) iLeft -= iRight;
        if(iBottom > 0) iTop -= iBottom;
        if(this.mxLeft > iLeft) iLeft = this.mxLeft;
        if(this.mxTop > iTop) iTop = this.mxTop;
    }
    //设置位置
    this._obj.style.left = iLeft + "px";
    this._obj.style.top = iTop + "px";    
    //附加程序
    this.onMove();
},
//停止拖动
Stop: function() {
    //移除事件
    removeEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fM);
    removeEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
    if(isIE){
        removeEventHandler(this.Drag, "losecapture", this._fS);
        this.Drag.releaseCapture();
    }else{
        removeEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
    }
}
};

//缩放程序
var Resize = Class.create();
Resize.prototype = {
//缩放对象
initialize: function(obj, options) {
var oThis = this;
    
    this._obj = $(obj);//缩放对象
    this._right = this._down = this._left = this._up = 0;//坐标参数
    this._scale = 1;//比例参数
    this._touch = null;//当前触发对象
    
    //用currentStyle(ff用getComputedStyle)取得最终样式
    var _style = this._obj.currentStyle || document.defaultView.getComputedStyle(this._obj, null);
    this._xBorder = parseInt(_style.borderLeftWidth) + parseInt(_style.borderRightWidth);
    this._yBorder = parseInt(_style.borderTopWidth) + parseInt(_style.borderBottomWidth);
    
    //事件对象(用于移除事件)
    this._fR = function(e){ oThis.Resize(e); }
    this._fS = function(){ oThis.Stop(); }
    
    this.SetOptions(options);
    
    this.Limit = !!this.options.Limit;
    this.mxLeft = parseInt(this.options.mxLeft);
    this.mxRight = parseInt(this.options.mxRight);
    this.mxTop = parseInt(this.options.mxTop);
    this.mxBottom = parseInt(this.options.mxBottom);
    
    this.MinWidth = parseInt(this.options.MinWidth);
    this.MinHeight = parseInt(this.options.MinHeight);
    this.Scale = !!this.options.Scale;
    this.onResize = this.options.onResize;
    
    this._obj.style.position = "absolute";
},
//设置默认属性
SetOptions: function(options) {
this.options = {//默认值
        Limit:        false,//是否设置限制(为true时下面mx参数有用)
        mxLeft:        0,//左边限制
        mxRight:    0,//右边限制
        mxTop:        0,//上边限制
        mxBottom:    0,//下边限制
        MinWidth:    50,//最小宽度
        MinHeight:    50,//最小高度
        Scale:        false,//是否按比例缩放
        onResize:    function(){}//缩放时执行
};
Object.extend(this.options, options || {});
},
//设置触发对象
Set: function(resize, side) {
    var oThis = this, resize = $(resize), _fun, _cursor;
    if(!resize) return;
    //根据方向设置 _fun是缩放时执行的程序 _cursor是鼠标样式
    switch (side.toLowerCase()) {
    case "up" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleUpRight(e); }else{ oThis.SetUp(e); } };
        _cursor = "n-resize";
        break;
    case "down" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleDownRight(e); }else{ oThis.SetDown(e); } };
        _cursor = "n-resize";
        break;
    case "left" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleLeftUp(e); }else{ oThis.SetLeft(e); } };
        _cursor = "e-resize";
        break;
    case "right" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleRightDown(e); }else{ oThis.SetRight(e); } };
        _cursor = "e-resize";
        break;
    case "left-up" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleLeftUp(e); }else{ oThis.SetLeft(e); oThis.SetUp(e); } };
        _cursor = "nw-resize";
        break;
    case "right-up" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleRightUp(e); }else{ oThis.SetRight(e); oThis.SetUp(e); } };
        _cursor = "ne-resize";
        break;
    case "left-down" :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleLeftDown(e); }else{ oThis.SetLeft(e); oThis.SetDown(e); } };
        _cursor = "ne-resize";
        break;
    case "right-down" :
    default :
        _fun = function(e){ if(oThis.Scale){ oThis.scaleRightDown(e); }else{ oThis.SetRight(e); oThis.SetDown(e); } };
        _cursor = "nw-resize";
    }
    //插入字符解决ff下捕获效的问题
    if(!isIE){ resize.innerHTML = "<font size='1px'> </font>"; }
    //设置触发对象
    resize.style.cursor = _cursor;
    addEventHandler(resize, "mousedown", function(e){ oThis._fun = _fun; oThis._touch = resize; oThis.Start(window.event || e); });
},
//准备缩放
Start: function(oEvent, o) {    
    //防止冒泡
    if(isIE){ oEvent.cancelBubble = true; } else { oEvent.stopPropagation(); }
    //计算样式初始值
    this.style_width = this._obj.offsetWidth;
    this.style_height = this._obj.offsetHeight;
    this.style_left = this._obj.offsetLeft;
    this.style_top = this._obj.offsetTop;
    //设置缩放比例
    if(this.Scale){ this._scale = this.style_width / this.style_height; }
    //计算当前边的对应另一条边的坐标 例如右边缩放时需要左边界坐标
    this._left = oEvent.clientX - this.style_width;
    this._right = oEvent.clientX + this.style_width;
    this._up = oEvent.clientY - this.style_height;
    this._down = oEvent.clientY + this.style_height;
    //如果有范围 先计算好范围内最大宽度和高度
    if(this.Limit){
        this._mxRight = this.mxRight - this._obj.offsetLeft;
        this._mxDown = this.mxBottom - this._obj.offsetTop;
        this._mxLeft = this.mxLeft + this.style_width + this._obj.offsetLeft;
        this._mxUp = this.mxTop + this.style_height + this._obj.offsetTop;
    }
    //mousemove时缩放 mouseup时停止
    addEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fR);
    addEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
    
    //使鼠标移到窗口外也能释放
    if(isIE){
        addEventHandler(this._touch, "losecapture", this._fS);
        this._touch.setCapture();
    }else{
        addEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
    }
},
//缩放
Resize: function(e) {
    //没有触发对象的话返回
    if(!this._touch) return;
    //清除选择(ie设置捕获后默认带这个)
    window.getSelection && window.getSelection().removeAllRanges();
    //执行缩放程序
    this._fun(window.event || e);
    //设置样式
    //因为计算用的offset是把边框算进去的所以要减去
    this._obj.style.width = this.style_width - this._xBorder + "px";
    this._obj.style.height = this.style_height - this._yBorder + "px";
    this._obj.style.top = this.style_top + "px";
    this._obj.style.left = this.style_left + "px";    
    //附加程序
    this.onResize();
},
//普通缩放
//右边
SetRight: function(oEvent) {
    //当前坐标位置减去左边的坐标等于当前宽度
    this.repairRight(oEvent.clientX - this._left);
},
//下边
SetDown: function(oEvent) {
    this.repairDown(oEvent.clientY - this._up);
},
//左边
SetLeft: function(oEvent) {
    //右边的坐标减去当前坐标位置等于当前宽度
    this.repairLeft(this._right - oEvent.clientX);
},
//上边
SetUp: function(oEvent) {
    this.repairUp(this._down - oEvent.clientY);
},
//比例缩放
//比例缩放右下
scaleRightDown: function(oEvent) {
    //先计算宽度然后按比例计算高度最后根据确定的高度计算宽度(宽度优先)
    this.SetRight(oEvent);
    this.repairDown(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
    this.repairRight(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
},
//比例缩放左下
scaleLeftDown: function(oEvent) {
    this.SetLeft(oEvent);
    this.repairDown(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
    this.repairLeft(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
},
//比例缩放右上
scaleRightUp: function(oEvent) {
    this.SetRight(oEvent);
    this.repairUp(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
    this.repairRight(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
},
//比例缩放左上
scaleLeftUp: function(oEvent) {
    this.SetLeft(oEvent);
    this.repairUp(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
    this.repairLeft(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
},
//这里是高度优先用于上下两边(体验更好)
//比例缩放下右
scaleDownRight: function(oEvent) {
    this.SetDown(oEvent);
    this.repairRight(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
    this.repairDown(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
},
//比例缩放上右
scaleUpRight: function(oEvent) {
    this.SetUp(oEvent);
    this.repairRight(parseInt(this.style_height * this._scale));
    this.repairUp(parseInt(this.style_width / this._scale));
},
//修正程序
//修正右边
repairRight: function(iWidth) {
    //右边和下边只要设置宽度和高度就行
    //当少于最少宽度
    if (iWidth < this.MinWidth){ iWidth = this.MinWidth; }
    //当超过当前设定的最大宽度
    if(this.Limit && iWidth > this._mxRight){ iWidth = this._mxRight; }
    //修改样式
    this.style_width = iWidth;
},
//修正下边
repairDown: function(iHeight) {
    if (iHeight < this.MinHeight){ iHeight = this.MinHeight; }
    if(this.Limit && iHeight > this._mxDown){ iHeight = this._mxDown; }
    this.style_height = iHeight;
},
//修正左边
repairLeft: function(iWidth) {
    //左边和上边比较麻烦 因为还要计算left和top
    //当少于最少宽度
    if (iWidth < this.MinWidth){ iWidth = this.MinWidth; }
    //当超过当前设定的最大宽度
    else if(this.Limit && iWidth > this._mxLeft){ iWidth = this._mxLeft; }
    //修改样式
    this.style_width = iWidth;
    this.style_left = this._obj.offsetLeft + this._obj.offsetWidth - iWidth;
},
//修正上边
repairUp: function(iHeight) {
    if(iHeight < this.MinHeight){ iHeight = this.MinHeight; }
    else if(this.Limit && iHeight > this._mxUp){ iHeight = this._mxUp; }
    this.style_height = iHeight;
    this.style_top = this._obj.offsetTop + this._obj.offsetHeight - iHeight;
},
//停止缩放
Stop: function() {
    //移除事件
    removeEventHandler(document, "mousemove", this._fR);
    removeEventHandler(document, "mouseup", this._fS);
    if(isIE){
        removeEventHandler(this._touch, "losecapture", this._fS);
        this._touch.releaseCapture();
    }else{
        removeEventHandler(window, "blur", this._fS);
    }
    this._touch = null;
}
};


//图片切割
var ImgCropper = Class.create();
ImgCropper.prototype = {
//容器对象,拖放缩放对象,图片地址,宽度,高度
initialize: function(container, drag, url, width, height, options) {
    var oThis = this;
    
    //容器对象
    this.Container = $(container);
    this.Container.style.position = "relative";
    this.Container.style.overflow = "hidden";
    
    //拖放对象
    this.Drag = $(drag);
    this.Drag.style.cursor = "move";
    this.Drag.style.zIndex = 200;
    if(isIE){
        //设置overflow解决ie6的渲染问题(缩放时填充对象高度的问题)
        this.Drag.style.overflow = "hidden";
        //ie下用一个透明的层填充拖放对象 不填充的话onmousedown会失效(未知原因)
        (function(style){
            style.width = style.height = "100%"; style.backgroundColor = "#fff"; style.filter = "alpha(opacity:0)";
        })(this.Drag.appendChild(document.createElement("div")).style)
    }else{
        //插入字符解决ff下捕获失效的问题
        this.Drag.innerHTML += "<font size='1px'> </font>";
    }
    
    this._pic = this.Container.appendChild(document.createElement("img"));//图片对象
    this._cropper = this.Container.appendChild(document.createElement("img"));//切割对象
    this._pic.style.position = this._cropper.style.position = "absolute";
    this._pic.style.top = this._pic.style.left = this._cropper.style.top = this._cropper.style.left = "0";//对齐
    this._cropper.style.zIndex = 100;
    this._cropper.onload = function(){ oThis.SetPos(); }
    
    this.Url = url;//图片地址
    this.Width = parseInt(width);//宽度
    this.Height = parseInt(height);//高度
    
    this.SetOptions(options);
    
    this.Opacity = parseInt(this.options.Opacity);
    this.dragTop = parseInt(this.options.dragTop);
    this.dragLeft = parseInt(this.options.dragLeft);
    this.dragWidth = parseInt(this.options.dragWidth);
    this.dragHeight = parseInt(this.options.dragHeight);
    
    //设置预览对象
    this.View = $(this.options.View) || null;//预览对象
    this.viewWidth = parseInt(this.options.viewWidth);
    this.viewHeight = parseInt(this.options.viewHeight);
    this._view = null;//预览图片对象
    if(this.View){
        this.View.style.position = "relative";
        this.View.style.overflow = "hidden";
        this._view = this.View.appendChild(document.createElement("img"));
        this._view.style.position = "absolute";
    }
    
    this.Scale = parseInt(this.options.Scale);
    
    //设置拖放
    this._drag = new Drag(this.Drag, this.Drag, { Limit: true, onMove: function(){ oThis.SetPos(); } });
    //设置缩放
    this._resize = this.GetResize();
    
    this.Init();
},
//设置默认属性
SetOptions: function(options) {
this.options = {//默认值
        Opacity:    50,//透明度(0到100)    
        //拖放位置和宽高
        dragTop:    0,
        dragLeft:    0,
        dragWidth:    100,
        dragHeight:    100,
        //缩放触发对象
        Right:        "",
        Left:        "",
        Up:            "",
        Down:        "",
        RightDown:    "",
        LeftDown:    "",
        RightUp:    "",
        LeftUp:        "",
        Scale:        false,//是否按比例缩放
        //预览对象设置
        View:    "",//预览对象
        viewWidth:    100,//预览宽度
        viewHeight:    100//预览高度
};
Object.extend(this.options, options || {});
},
//初始化对象
Init: function() {
    var oThis = this;
    
    //设置容器
    this.Container.style.width = this.Width + "px";
    this.Container.style.height = this.Height + "px";
    
    //设置拖放对象
    this.Drag.style.top = this.dragTop + "px";
    this.Drag.style.left = this.dragLeft + "px";
    this.Drag.style.width = this.dragWidth + "px";
    this.Drag.style.height = this.dragHeight + "px";
    
    //设置切割对象
    this._pic.src = this._cropper.src = this.Url;
    this._pic.style.width = this._cropper.style.width = this.Width + "px";
    this._pic.style.height = this._cropper.style.height = this.Height + "px";
    if(isIE){
        this._pic.style.filter = "alpha(opacity:" + this.Opacity + ")";
    } else {
        this._pic.style.opacity = this.Opacity / 100;
    }
    
    //设置预览对象
    if(this.View){ this._view.src = this.Url; }
    
    //设置拖放
    this._drag.mxRight = this.Width; this._drag.mxBottom = this.Height;
    //设置缩放
    if(this._resize){ this._resize.mxRight = this.Width; this._resize.mxBottom = this.Height; this._resize.Scale = this.Scale; }
},
//设置获取缩放对象
GetResize: function() {
    var op = this.options;
    //有触发对象时才设置
    if(op.RightDown || op.LeftDown || op.RightUp || op.LeftUp || op.Right || op.Left || op.Up || op.Down ){
        var oThis = this, _resize = new Resize(this.Drag, { Limit: true, onResize: function(){ oThis.SetPos(); } });
        
        //设置缩放触发对象
        if(op.RightDown){ _resize.Set(op.RightDown, "right-down"); }
        if(op.LeftDown){ _resize.Set(op.LeftDown, "left-down"); }
        
        if(op.RightUp){ _resize.Set(op.RightUp, "right-up"); }
        if(op.LeftUp){ _resize.Set(op.LeftUp, "left-up"); }
        
        if(op.Right){ _resize.Set(op.Right, "right"); }
        if(op.Left){ _resize.Set(op.Left, "left"); }
        
        if(op.Up){ _resize.Set(op.Up, "up"); }
        if(op.Down){ _resize.Set(op.Down, "down"); }
        
        return _resize;
    } else { return null; }
},
//设置切割
SetPos: function() {
    var o = this.Drag;
    //按拖放对象的参数进行切割
    this._cropper.style.clip = "rect(" + o.offsetTop + "px " + (o.offsetLeft + o.offsetWidth) + "px " + (o.offsetTop + o.offsetHeight) + "px " + o.offsetLeft + "px)";
    //切割预览
    if(this.View) this.PreView();
},
//切割预览
PreView: function() {
    //按比例设置宽度和高度
    var o = this.Drag, h = this.viewWidth, w = h * o.offsetWidth / o.offsetHeight;
    if(w > this.viewHeight){ w = this.viewHeight; h = w * o.offsetHeight / o.offsetWidth; }
    //获取对应比例尺寸
    var scale = h / o.offsetHeight, ph = this.Height * scale, pw = this.Width * scale, pt = o.offsetTop * scale, pl = o.offsetLeft * scale, styleView = this._view.style;
    //设置样式
    styleView.width = pw + "px"; styleView.height = ph + "px";
    styleView.top = - pt + "px "; styleView.left = - pl + "px";
    //切割预览图
    styleView.clip = "rect(" + pt + "px " + (pl + w) + "px " + (pt + h) + "px " + pl + "px)";
}
}

var ic = new ImgCropper("bgDiv", "dragDiv", "http://hi.csdn.net/attachment/201101/13/7494075_1294909002i6il.jpg", 400, 500, {
    dragTop: 50, dragLeft: 50,
    Right: "rRight", Left: "rLeft", Up:    "rUp", Down: "rDown",
    RightDown: "rRightDown", LeftDown: "rLeftDown", RightUp: "rRightUp", LeftUp: "rLeftUp",
    View: "viewDiv", viewWidth: 200, viewHeight: 200
})
</script>
<script>

//设置图片大小
function Size(w, h){
    ic.Width = w;
    ic.Height = h;
    ic.Init();
}
//换图片
function Pic(url){
    ic.Url = url;
    ic.Init();
}
//设置透明度
function Opacity(i){
    ic.Opacity = i;
    ic.Init();
}
//是否使用比例
function Scale(b){
    ic.Scale = b;
    ic.Init();
}


</script>

 

 
<div>
<input name="" type="button" value=" 增肥 " onclick="Size(500,400)" />
<input name="" type="button" value=" 还原 " onclick="Size(300,400)" />
</div>


 
<div>
<input name="" type="button" value=" 换图 " onclick="Pic('2.jpg')" />
<input name="" type="button" value=" 还原 " onclick="Pic('1.jpg')" />
</div>


 
<div>
<input name="" type="button" value=" 透明 " onclick="Opacity(0)" />
<input name="" type="button" value=" 还原 " onclick="Opacity(50)" />
</div>


 
<div>
<input name="" type="button" value="使用比例" onclick="Scale(true)" />
<input name="" type="button" value="取消比例" onclick="Scale(false)" />
</div>
</body>
</html>

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