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struts2基础,非IDE环境下配置web项目

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1、首先我们找到自己的tomcat,找到里面的webapps目录。

2、在这里创建一个文件夹取名为struts2

3、创建一个如图目录,一个WEB-INF文件夹,一个META-INF文件夹,2个jsp页面,一个loginForm.jsp,一个show.jsp

如图:

注意:这里的META-INF没有好像是跳转不了的,后面详细介绍.

4.文件内容如下;

META-INF中有个MANIFEST.MF文件,内容为Manifest-Version: 1.0Class-Path: 

WEB-INF目录中有classes文件夹,lib文件夹和web.xml


5、classes里面放你的action类的编译后的class以及struts.xml,当然如果有包名得放在嵌套目录中(就是在classes里创一个com文件夹(和struts.xml同目录),com下再创个lin,lin下再创个action,action下放.class)


6.lib里面放入struts2的jar包


下面给各文件的代码

web.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.5" 
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">
  <display-name></display-name>	
  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>loginForm.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>
  <filter>
  	<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
  	<filter-class>
  		org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ng.filter.StrutsPrepareAndExecuteFilter
  	</filter-class>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
  	<filter-name>struts2</filter-name>
  	<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping></web-app>

struts.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!--
/*
 * $Id: struts-default.xml 1485719 2013-05-23 14:12:24Z lukaszlenart $
 *
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */
-->
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
    "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN"
    "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd">
<struts>
<package name="loginForm" extends="struts-default" namespace="/login">
	<action name="login" class="com.lin.action.LoginAction">
		<result  name="success">
			/show.jsp
		</result>
	</action>
</package>
</struts>    

LoginAction.java

package com.lin.action;

public class LoginAction{
	private String username;
	private String password;
	public void setUsername(String username){
		this.username=username;
	}
	public String getUsername(){
		return this.username;
	} 
	public void setPassword(String password){
		this.password=password;
	} 
	public String getPassword(){
		return this.password;
	}

	public String execute(){
		return "success";
	}	
}

loginForm.jsp:

<%@page contentType="text/html; charset=GBK" language="java" errorPage=""%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head><title>登陆页面</title></head>
<body>
	<form action="login/login.action" >
	用户名:<input type="text" name="username"/>
	密码:<input type="password" name="password"/>
	<input type="submit" value="登录"/>
	</form>
</body>
</html>

show.jsp:

<%@page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <title></title>
  </head>
  
  <body>
	<h1>恭喜你,登录成功</h1>
	<s:property value = "username"/><br/>
	<s:property value = "password"/><br/>
  </body>
</html>



在这里主要注意loginForm那个jsp页面form表单对应的action跳转路径是login/login.action,前面的login表示包的namespace,如果没有META-INF文件的话,每次提交后,路径会丢失掉struts2这个项目路径,导致跳转action失败。


浏览器输入http://localhost:8080/struts2/

进入首页,在web.xml配置了首页是loginForm那个jsp页面了,所以url这么写就可以了。


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