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JNI 数据类型转换

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#include <jni.h>
#include "com_test_Test.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <strings.h>

//获取字符串
JNIEXPORT void JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_sayHello(JNIEnv * env, jobject obj,
  jstring s) {

 char * str = (char *) (*env)->GetStringUTFChars(env, s, 0);
 printf("\n c-string: hello - %s", str);

}

//获取,返回int
JNIEXPORT jint JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_add(JNIEnv * env, jobject obj,
  jint a, jint b) {
 int i = a;
 int j = b;
 printf("\n c-int: %d - %d", i, j);
 char str[256];
 sprintf(str, "%d", i + j);
 return (jint) i + j;
}

//获取,返回float
JNIEXPORT jfloat JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_getFloat(JNIEnv * env, jobject obj,
  jfloat f) {
 float fl = f;
 printf("\n c-float: %3f", fl);

 fl = 200.555;
 return (jfloat) fl;
}

//获取,返回 double
JNIEXPORT jdouble JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_getDouble(JNIEnv * env,
  jobject obj, jdouble dou) {
 double d = dou;
 printf("\n c-double: %3f", d);

 d = 800.88;
 return (jdouble) d;
}

//获取,返回boolean
JNIEXPORT jboolean JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_getBoolean(JNIEnv * env,
  jobject obj, jboolean bool) {

 unsigned char b = bool;
 printf("\n c-boolean: %lu  ", b);
 if (b) {
  printf("true");
 } else {
  printf("false");
 }

 b = 1;
 return (jboolean) b;
}

//获取,返回 string
JNIEXPORT jstring JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_getString(JNIEnv * env,
  jobject obj, jstring s) {
 char * st = (char *) (*env)->GetStringUTFChars(env, s, 0);
 printf("\n c-string:  %s", st);

 char * str = "hello wang wu!";
 jstring rtn;
 rtn = (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, str);
 return rtn;
}

//获取,返回 string []
JNIEXPORT jobjectArray JNICALL Java_com_test_Test_getStringArray(JNIEnv * env,
  jobject obj, jobjectArray arr) {
 int len = (*env)->GetArrayLength(env, arr);
 printf("\n c-stringArray :");
 int i = 0;
 for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
  jobject obj = (*env)->GetObjectArrayElement(env, arr, i);
  jstring str = (jstring) obj;
  const char * szStr = (*env)->GetStringUTFChars(env, str, 0);
  printf(" %d-%s ", i, szStr);
  (*env)->ReleaseStringChars(env, str, szStr);
 }
 //-----返回----

 jstring str;
 jobjectArray args = 0;
 jsize size = 5;
 char* sa[] = { "Hello,", "world!", "zhang", "san", "yuang" };
 int j = 0;
 jclass objClass = (*env)->FindClass(env, "java/lang/String");
 args = (*env)->NewObjectArray(env, size, objClass, 0);
 for (j = 0; j < size; j++) {
  str = (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, sa[j]);
  (*env)->SetObjectArrayElement(env, args, j, str);
 }
 return args;
}

-----------------------------------------------------------------

下面是Test.java

package com.test;

public class Test {
 private native void sayHello(String str);

 private native int add(int a, int b);

 private native float getFloat(float f);

 private native double getDouble(double d);

 private native boolean getBoolean(boolean b);

 private native String getString(String str);

 private native String[] getStringArray(String[] sa);

 static {
  System.loadLibrary("Test");
 }

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  Test test = new Test();
  test.sayHello("zhang san");
  System.out.println("int     --> " + test.add(10, 20));
  System.out.println("float   --> " + test.getFloat((float) 20.123));
  System.out.println("double  --> " + test.getDouble(100.369));
  System.out.println("boolean --> " + test.getBoolean(true));
  System.out.println("string  --> " + test.getString("wang Wu"));

  String[] ss = { "hello", "-", "zhang", "san" };
  Object[] obj = test.getStringArray(ss);
  System.out.print("string[]-->  ");
  for (Object object : obj) {
   System.out.print(object + " ");
  }

 }

}

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