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windows程序设计 11章的about3 问题 模式对话框 子窗口

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(1)没有按下菜单时,WndProc()执行,而AboutDlgProc()和EllipPushWndProc()不执行。
(2)按下菜单时,WndProc()中执行:DialogBox (hInstance, TEXT ("AboutBox"), hwnd,
AboutDlgProc) ;
创建模式对话框About,其AboutDlgProc()执行,
此时*.rc里的
CONTROL  "OK",IDMM,"EllipPush",WS_GROUP | WS_TABSTOP,73,79,32,14
表明对话框About中有一个子窗口作为一个窗口有消息处理函数EllipPushWndProc,然后

EllipPushWndProc()执行,其中的WM_PAINT会画一个椭圆。当按下这个窗口时时,响应case   WM_LBUTTONUP :SendMessage (GetParent (hwnd), WM_COMMAND,   

GetWindowLong (hwnd, GWL_ID), (LPARAM) hwnd) ;
发送IDMM这个命令给其父窗口(对话框About),在对话框About的事件处理函数AboutDlgProc()中处理
IDMM:
case IDMM :
               EndDialog (hDlg, 0) ;
其中关闭了对话框.

注意:
WndProc:RegisterClass()了,CreateWindow()了。EllipPushWndProc: 只RegisterClass(),但

没有CreateWindow(),但为什么最后能正常运行呢?是因为*.rc里的
CONTROL  "OK",IDMM,"EllipPush",WS_GROUP | WS_TABSTOP,73,79,32,14
会被转换成一个CreateWindow()函数.
当编译资源描述档时,这条叙述在.RES和.EXE文件中的编码是相同的:即CONTROL这行就相当于

CreateWindow(),而且CONTROL后面的相关参数与CreateWindow()的参数一样,这也说明了这一点.

=========================================================
源代码如下(由windows程序设计第11章的about3程序修改而来):

#include <windows.h>
#include "resource.h"

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;
BOOL    CALLBACK AboutDlgProc (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;
LRESULT CALLBACK EllipPushWndProc (HWND, UINT, WPARAM, LPARAM) ;

 static WNDCLASS     wndclass ;

int WINAPI WinMain (HINSTANCE hInstance, HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
                    PSTR szCmdLine, int iCmdShow)
{
     static TCHAR szAppName[] = TEXT ("About3") ;
     MSG          msg ;
     HWND         hwnd ;
   

     wndclass.style         = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW ;
     wndclass.lpfnWndProc   = WndProc ;
     wndclass.cbClsExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.cbWndExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.hInstance     = hInstance ;
     wndclass.hIcon         = LoadIcon (hInstance, szAppName) ;
     wndclass.hCursor       = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW) ;
     wndclass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) GetStockObject (WHITE_BRUSH) ;
     wndclass.lpszMenuName  = szAppName ;
     wndclass.lpszClassName = szAppName ;
    
     if (!RegisterClass (&wndclass))
     {
          MessageBox (NULL, TEXT ("This program requires Windows NT!"),
                      szAppName, MB_ICONERROR) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
    
     wndclass.style         = CS_HREDRAW | CS_VREDRAW ;
     wndclass.lpfnWndProc   = EllipPushWndProc ;
     wndclass.cbClsExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.cbWndExtra    = 0 ;
     wndclass.hInstance     = hInstance ;
     wndclass.hIcon         = NULL ;
     wndclass.hCursor       = LoadCursor (NULL, IDC_ARROW) ;
     wndclass.hbrBackground = (HBRUSH) (COLOR_BTNFACE + 1) ;
     wndclass.lpszMenuName  = NULL ;
     wndclass.lpszClassName = TEXT ("EllipPush") ;

     RegisterClass (&wndclass) ;
    
     hwnd = CreateWindow (szAppName, TEXT ("About Box Demo Program"),
                          WS_OVERLAPPEDWINDOW,
                          CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT,
                          CW_USEDEFAULT, CW_USEDEFAULT,
                          NULL, NULL, hInstance, NULL) ;
    
     ShowWindow (hwnd, iCmdShow) ;
     UpdateWindow (hwnd) ;
    
     while (GetMessage (&msg, NULL, 0, 0))
     {
          TranslateMessage (&msg) ;
          DispatchMessage (&msg) ;
     }
     return msg.wParam ;
}

LRESULT CALLBACK WndProc (HWND hwnd, UINT message, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
     static HINSTANCE hInstance ;
    
     switch (message)
     {
     case WM_CREATE :
          hInstance = ((LPCREATESTRUCT) lParam)->hInstance ;
          return 0 ;
         
     case WM_COMMAND :
          switch (LOWORD (wParam))
          {
          case IDM_APP_ABOUT ://打开模式对话框ABOUT
               DialogBox (hInstance,  MAKEINTRESOURCE(ABOUTBOX), hwnd, AboutDlgProc) ;
               return 0 ;
          }
          break ;
         
     case WM_DESTROY :
          PostQuitMessage (0) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
     return DefWindowProc (hwnd, message, wParam, lParam) ;
}

BOOL CALLBACK AboutDlgProc (HWND hDlg, UINT message,
                            WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
     switch (message)
     {
     case WM_INITDIALOG :
          return TRUE ;
         
     case WM_COMMAND :
          switch (LOWORD (wParam))
          {
          case IDMM ://子窗口的ID号
               EndDialog (hDlg, 0) ;
               return TRUE ;
          }
          break ;
     }
     return FALSE ;
}

LRESULT CALLBACK EllipPushWndProc (HWND hwnd, UINT message,
                                   WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
{
     TCHAR       szText[40] ;
     HBRUSH      hBrush ;
     HDC         hdc ;
     PAINTSTRUCT ps ;
     RECT        rect ;
    
     switch (message)
     {
     case WM_PAINT ://画一个椭圆
          GetClientRect (hwnd, &rect) ;
          GetWindowText (hwnd, szText, sizeof (szText)) ;
         
          hdc = BeginPaint (hwnd, &ps) ;
         
          hBrush = CreateSolidBrush (GetSysColor (COLOR_WINDOW)) ;
          hBrush = (HBRUSH) SelectObject (hdc, hBrush) ;
          SetBkColor (hdc, GetSysColor (COLOR_WINDOW)) ;
          SetTextColor (hdc, GetSysColor (COLOR_WINDOWTEXT)) ;
         
          Ellipse (hdc, rect.left, rect.top, rect.right, rect.bottom) ;
          DrawText (hdc, szText, -1, &rect,
                    DT_SINGLELINE | DT_CENTER | DT_VCENTER) ;
         
          DeleteObject (SelectObject (hdc, hBrush)) ;
         
          EndPaint (hwnd, &ps) ;
          return 0 ;
         
     case WM_KEYUP :
          if (wParam != VK_SPACE)
               break ;
                                            
     case WM_LBUTTONUP ://向其父窗口(对话框About)发信息,包含了ID号IDMM,然后About会响应case  

   //WM_COMMAND : ...     case IDMM :...
          SendMessage (GetParent (hwnd), WM_COMMAND,
               GetWindowLong (hwnd, GWL_ID), (LPARAM) hwnd) ;
          return 0 ;
     }
     return DefWindowProc (hwnd, message, wParam, lParam) ;
}

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