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Android contextual action mode 学习

标签: Action Mode
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Android的menu有多种实现方式,Action Mode是Android 3.0以后出现的,我们可以使用AppCompat库使Action Mode兼容至Android 2.1。

    Android 3.0以前,我们处理列表的长按事件经常使用Context Menu,Android3.0以后,我们有了新的选择:Action Mode。下图左边效果为Context Menu右边效果为Action Mode。




Android开发者应该都熟悉Context Menu了,Context Menu是悬浮在操作项之上的视图。Action Mode是临时占据了ActionBar的位置。


关于Action Mode 详细资料:http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/ui/menus.html#context-menu 

自己写了一个示例以增强记忆运行效果如下:

在TextView上使用Contextual Action Mode







在ListView上使用Contextual Action Mode





1、在单个View上使用Contextual Action Mode

package com.example.cabtest;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ActionMode;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnLongClickListener;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class IndividualviewsCAMActivity extends Activity {

	private ActionMode mActionMode;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_individual);
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

		ActionBar mActionBar = getActionBar();
		mActionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
		mActionBar.setDisplayUseLogoEnabled(true);
		
		findView();
	}

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	private void findView() {
		String content = "北京时间12月5日消息,据国外科技网站BusinessInsider报道,日前,美国麻省理工学院(MIT)有形媒体小组的一个研究团队研发出了一种新的人机交互技术——人类可以进入电脑进行远程的物理操作。该技术现在只能模拟非常基本的动作,比如击掌或是来回拍球。而在未来,一个更复杂的版本或许能够在更大的屏幕上工作,并重现整个人体。";
		TextView tv_content = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv_content);
		tv_content.setText(content);

		tv_content.setOnLongClickListener(new OnLongClickListener() {

			@Override
			public boolean onLongClick(View v) {

				if (mActionMode != null) {
					return false;
				}

				mActionMode = IndividualviewsCAMActivity.this
						.startActionMode(mActionModeCallback);
				v.setSelected(true);
				return true;
			}
		});
	}

	@SuppressLint("NewApi")
	private ActionMode.Callback mActionModeCallback = new ActionMode.Callback() {

		@Override
		public boolean onCreateActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
			// Inflate a menu resource providing context menu items
			MenuInflater inflater = mode.getMenuInflater();
			inflater.inflate(R.menu.context_menu_individual, menu);
			return true;
		}

		@Override
		public boolean onPrepareActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return false;
		}

		@Override
		public boolean onActionItemClicked(ActionMode mode, MenuItem item) {
			switch (item.getItemId()) {
			case R.id.menu_copy:

				Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), R.string.menu_copy,
						Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

				mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
				return true;
			case R.id.menu_delete:
				
				Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), R.string.menu_delete,
						Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				
				mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
				return true;
			default:
				return false;
			}
		}

		@Override
		public void onDestroyActionMode(ActionMode mode) {
			mActionMode = null;
		}
	};
	
	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.context_menu_test, menu);
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		switch (item.getItemId()) {
		case android.R.id.home:
			// app icon in action bar clicked; go home
			Intent intent = new Intent(this, MainActivity.class);
			intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
			startActivity(intent);
			return true;

		default:
			return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
		}
	}
}


context_menu_individual.xml

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >
    
    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_copy"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_copy"
        android:orderInCategory="1"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_copy"/>
    
    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_delete"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_delete"
        android:orderInCategory="2"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_delete"/>

</menu>



2、在ListView/GridView 上使用Contextual Action Mode

package com.example.cabtest;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import com.example.cabtest.entity.Book;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.ActionMode;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuInflater;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.AbsListView.MultiChoiceModeListener;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class ListCAMActivity extends Activity {

	private List<Book> mList = new ArrayList<Book>();
	private List<Book> checkedList = new ArrayList<Book>();
	private BookAdapter mAdapter;
	private ListView mListView;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_list);
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

		ActionBar mActionBar = getActionBar();
		mActionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
		mActionBar.setDisplayUseLogoEnabled(true);

		initData();
		findView();
	}

	private void initData() {

		for (int i = 0; i < 40; i++) {
			
			Book book = new Book();
			book.setId(i);
			book.setName("Thinking In Java " + i);
			
			mList.add(book);
		}
	}

	private void findView() {

		mListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.mListView);
		mAdapter = new BookAdapter();
		mListView.setAdapter(mAdapter);

		mListView.setChoiceMode(ListView.CHOICE_MODE_MULTIPLE_MODAL);
		mListView.setMultiChoiceModeListener(new MultiChoiceModeListener() {

			@Override
			public void onItemCheckedStateChanged(ActionMode mode,
					int position, long id, boolean checked) {
				// Here you can do something when items are
				// selected/de-selected,such as update the title in the CAB
				Book book = mList.get(position);
				if (checked) {
					book.setChecked(true);
					checkedList.add(book);
				} else {
					checkedList.remove(book);
					book.setChecked(false);
				}
				
				if (mAdapter != null) {
					mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
				}
				setSubtitle(mode);
				
			}

			private void setSubtitle(ActionMode mode) {
				int checkedCount = checkedList.size();
				// int checkedCount = mListView.getCheckedItemCount();
				switch (checkedCount) {
				case 0:
					mode.setSubtitle(null);
					break;
				default:
					mode.setSubtitle("选择了" + checkedCount + "项");
					break;
				}
			}

			@Override
			public boolean onActionItemClicked(ActionMode mode, MenuItem item) {
				// Respond to clicks on the actions in the CAB
				switch (item.getItemId()) {
				case R.id.menu_delete:

					mList.removeAll(checkedList);

					if (mAdapter != null) {
						mAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
					}

					Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
							R.string.menu_delete, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

					checkedList.clear();
					
					mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
					return true;

				case R.id.menu_edit:

					Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), R.string.menu_edit,
							Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

					mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
					return true;
				case R.id.menu_detail:

					Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),
							R.string.menu_detail, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

					mode.finish(); // Action picked, so close the CAB
					return true;
				default:
					return false;
				}
			}

			@Override
			public boolean onCreateActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
				// Inflate the menu for the CAB
				MenuInflater inflater = mode.getMenuInflater();
				inflater.inflate(R.menu.context_menu_list, menu);
				return true;
			}

			@Override
			public void onDestroyActionMode(ActionMode mode) {
				// Here you can make any necessary updates to the activity when
				// the CAB is removed. By default, selected items are
				// deselected/unchecked.
			}

			@Override
			public boolean onPrepareActionMode(ActionMode mode, Menu menu) {
				// Here you can perform updates to the CAB due to
				// an invalidate() request
				return false;
			}
		});
	}

	private class BookAdapter extends BaseAdapter {

		@Override
		public int getCount() {

			return mList.size();
		}

		@Override
		public Object getItem(int position) {

			return mList.get(position);
		}

		@Override
		public long getItemId(int position) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			return position;
		}

		@Override
		public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {

			ViewHolder holder;
			if (convertView == null) {

				convertView = View.inflate(getApplicationContext(),
						R.layout.list_item, null);
				holder = new ViewHolder();
				holder.tv_name = (TextView) convertView
						.findViewById(R.id.tv_name);

				convertView.setTag(holder);
			} else {
				holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();
			}
			
			Book book = mList.get(position);
			
			if(book.isChecked()){
				convertView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.blur));
			}else{
				convertView.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.white));
			}
			
			holder.tv_name.setText(book.getName());

			return convertView;
		}
	}

	static class ViewHolder {
		TextView tv_name;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.context_menu_test, menu);
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		switch (item.getItemId()) {
		case android.R.id.home:
			// app icon in action bar clicked; go home
			Intent intent = new Intent(this, MainActivity.class);
			intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
			startActivity(intent);
			return true;

		default:
			return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
		}
	}
}


context_menu_list.xml

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_delete"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_delete"
        android:orderInCategory="1"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_delete"/>
    
    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_edit"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_edit"
        android:orderInCategory="2"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_edit"/>
    
    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_detail"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_detail"
        android:orderInCategory="3"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_detail"/>

</menu>


list_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical" >
    
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_name"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:textSize="18sp"
        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
        android:layout_margin="10dp"
        android:textColor="@color/black"/>

</LinearLayout>


context_menu_test.xml

<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" >

    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_refresh"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_action_refresh"
        android:orderInCategory="1"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_refresh"/>
    
    <item
        android:id="@+id/menu_search"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_action_search"
        android:orderInCategory="2"
        android:showAsAction="always"
        android:title="@string/menu_search"/>

</menu>





Demo下载地址:http://download.csdn.net/detail/fx_sky/6663421






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