Spring--简单使用quartz实现定时作业

翻译 2006年05月18日 17:47:00
定时批处理作业是J2EE企业应用里很重要的一环,用来在晚间进行财务挂账,数据转存,新闻联播等等操作。

    而在Spring里,已经很好的集成了Quartz,简单到像配cron一样,在xml文件里面配一下时间就可以自动执行,不需要写一行代码。Spring对Quartz大刀阔斧的简化堪称范例,Quartz项目组也许可以学习一下。

    <bean id="methodInvokingJobDetail"
        class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.MethodInvokingJobDetailFactoryBean">
        <property name="targetObject"><ref bean="financeDAO"/></property>
        <property name="targetMethod"><value>confirmOrder</value></property>
    </bean>

    <bean id="cronTrigger" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerBean">
        <property name="jobDetail">
            <ref bean="methodInvokingJobDetail"/>
        </property>
        <property name="cronExpression">
            <value>0 0 6,12,20 * * ?</value>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">
        <property name="triggers">
            <list><ref local="cronTrigger"/></list>
        </property>
    </bean>

上面这段配置文件规定了在早上6点和晚上8点执行financeDAO对象的confirmOrder()方法.


附:cronExpression配置说明

字段   允许值   允许的特殊字符
  0-59   , - * /
  0-59   , - * /
小时   0-23   , - * /
日期   1-31   , - * ? / L W C
月份   1-12 或者 JAN-DEC   , - * /
星期   1-7 或者 SUN-SAT   , - * ? / L C #
年(可选)   留空, 1970-2099   , - * /

The '*' character is used to specify all values. For example, "*" in the minute field means "every minute".
“*”字符被用来指定所有的值。如:”*“在分钟的字段域里表示“每分钟”。
The '?' character is allowed for the day-of-month and day-of-week fields. It is used to specify 'no specific value'. This is useful when you need to specify something in one of the two fileds, but not the other. See the examples below for clarification.
“?”字符只在日期域和星期域中使用。它被用来指定“非明确的值”。当你需要通过在这两个域中的一个来指定一些东西的时候,它是有用的。看下面的例子你就会明白。
The '-' character is used to specify ranges For example "10-12" in the hour field means "the hours 10, 11 and 12".
“-”字符被用来指定一个范围。如:“10-12”在小时域意味着“10点、11点、12点”。
The ',' character is used to specify additional values. For example "MON,WED,FRI" in the day-of-week field means "the days Monday, Wednesday, and Friday".
“,”字符被用来指定另外的值。如:“MON,WED,FRI”在星期域里表示”星期一、星期三、星期五”.
The '/' character is used to specify increments. For example "0/15" in the seconds field means "the seconds 0, 15, 30, and 45". And "5/15" in the seconds field means "the seconds 5, 20, 35, and 50". Specifying '*' before the '/' is equivalent to specifying 0 is the value to start with. Essentially, for each field in the expression, there is a set of numbers that can be turned on or off. For seconds and minutes, the numbers range from 0 to 59. For hours 0 to 23, for days of the month 0 to 31, and for months 1 to 12. The "/" character simply helps you turn on every "nth" value in the given set. Thus "7/6" in the month field only turns on month "7", it does NOT mean every 6th month, please note that subtlety.
The 'L' character is allowed for the day-of-month and day-of-week fields. This character is short-hand for "last", but it has different meaning in each of the two fields. For example, the value "L" in the day-of-month field means "the last day of the month" - day 31 for January, day 28 for February on non-leap years. If used in the day-of-week field by itself, it simply means "7" or "SAT". But if used in the day-of-week field after another value, it means "the last xxx day of the month" - for example "6L" means "the last friday of the month". When using the 'L' option, it is important not to specify lists, or ranges of values, as you'll get confusing results.
The 'W' character is allowed for the day-of-month field. This character is used to specify the weekday (Monday-Friday) nearest the given day. As an example, if you were to specify "15W" as the value for the day-of-month field, the meaning is: "the nearest weekday to the 15th of the month". So if the 15th is a Saturday, the trigger will fire on Friday the 14th. If the 15th is a Sunday, the trigger will fire on Monday the 16th. If the 15th is a Tuesday, then it will fire on Tuesday the 15th. However if you specify "1W" as the value for day-of-month, and the 1st is a Saturday, the trigger will fire on Monday the 3rd, as it will not 'jump' over the boundary of a month's days. The 'W' character can only be specified when the day-of-month is a single day, not a range or list of days.
The 'L' and 'W' characters can also be combined for the day-of-month expression to yield 'LW', which translates to "last weekday of the month".
The '#' character is allowed for the day-of-week field. This character is used to specify "the nth" XXX day of the month. For example, the value of "6#3" in the day-of-week field means the third Friday of the month (day 6 = Friday and "#3" = the 3rd one in the month). Other examples: "2#1" = the first Monday of the month and "4#5" = the fifth Wednesday of the month. Note that if you specify "#5" and there is not 5 of the given day-of-week in the month, then no firing will occur that month.
The 'C' character is allowed for the day-of-month and day-of-week fields. This character is short-hand for "calendar". This means values are calculated against the associated calendar, if any. If no calendar is associated, then it is equivalent to having an all-inclusive calendar. A value of "5C" in the day-of-month field means "the first day included by the calendar on or after the 5th". A value of "1C" in the day-of-week field means "the first day included by the calendar on or after sunday".

相关文章推荐

Spring集成Quartz定时器实现定时作业任务

这篇文章有点久远了,记得是第一次出来实习时,大三暑假自己找了一家软件公司实习了很长时间,当时学到很多实践性的东西,这个Quartz就是其中一个,还记得是做OA,一些消息需要定时提醒定时删除,项目框架里...

Web项目中使用Spring 3.x + Quartz 2.x实现作业调度详解

Quartz是一个基于Java的作业调度管理的轻量级框架,目前在很多企业应用中被使用,它的作用类似于java.util中的Timer和TimeTask、数据库中的job等,但Quartz的功能更强大、...

Spring Quartz定时作业

  • 2011-11-30 15:02
  • 2.86MB
  • 下载

spring整合Quartz实现简单的定时功能

Quartz 是一个开源的作业调度框架,它完全由 Java 写成,并设计用于 J2SE 和 J2EE 应用中。它提供了巨大的灵活性而不牺牲简单性。你能够用它来为执行一个作业而创建简单的或复杂的调度。本...

Quartz + Spring 简单实现定时任务

Quartz + Spring 简单实现定时任务 Quartz是OpenSymphony开源组织在Job scheduling领域又一个开源项目,它可以与J2EE与J2SE应用程序相结合也可以单独...

Spring+Quartz实现定时任务的简单方法

1.导入相关的包 quartz-1.6.5.jar 等 2.quartx-config.xml配置

spring mvc + quartz(定时任务调度作业)

第一步:引入jar包 quartz-all-1.7.3.jar(在已经搭建好spring mvc 框架的基础上) 第二步:创建applicationContext-job.xml 定时任务文件 <b...

Java作业调度/定时任务 Spring和Quartz整合

Quartz是一个完全由java编写的开源作业调度框架,是OpenSymphony开源组织在Job scheduling领域的开源项目,它可以与JEE应用程序相结合也可以单独使用。Quartz可以用来...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:深度学习:神经网络中的前向传播和反向传播算法推导
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)