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使用SlidingPaneLayout实现左滑菜单

标签: SlidingPaneLayout
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众所周知,在Google的Support包中发布了众多令人激动的控件,大大方便了我们实现界面效果,提高开发效率,今天我们来学习一下SlidingPaneLayout
SlidingPaneLayout位于SupportV4包中,要使用它,我们首先要在build.gradle文件中添加项目依赖,如下所示:

compile 'com.android.support:support-v4:25.1.0'

等待项目重新构建完成后,我们就可以在XML布局文件中使用它了,具体书写方法如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/spl_root"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    > 
</android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout>

在这里,我们需要注意一点,SlidingPaneLayout需要一个指定的宽度去适配布局,一般使用match_parent

接下来我们为SlidingPaneLayout添加两个pane,看看大概的效果:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/spl_root"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    >
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_left"
        android:layout_width="120dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="左侧菜单"
        android:textSize="22sp"
        android:background="#ff0000"/>
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_right"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:text="这是内容"
        android:textSize="24sp"
        android:background="@color/colorPrimaryDark"/>
</android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout>

随后运行项目,效果如下图:
这里写图片描述
随后我们使用ListView搭配ScrollView来实现一种常见的左列表,右侧详情页的效果:
修改布局文件如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/sliding_pane_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.tuozhaobing.slidingpanedemo.MainActivity">
    <ListView
        android:id="@+id/left_pane"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginRight="0dp"
        android:paddingRight="0dp"
        android:layout_gravity="left"
        ></ListView>

    <ScrollView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:scrollbarStyle="outsideOverlay"
        android:background="#ff333333">
        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/content_text"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="@string/sliding_pane_layout_summary"
            android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"/>
    </ScrollView>

</android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout>

随后修改MainActivity.java代码如下:

package com.example.tuozhaobing.slidingpanedemo;

import android.support.v4.widget.SlidingPaneLayout;
import android.support.v4.widget.TextViewCompat;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewTreeObserver;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.ArrayAdapter;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private SlidingPaneLayout mSlidingPaneLayout;
    private ListView mListView;
    private TextView mTextView;

    public static final String[] TITLES =
            {
                    "Henry IV (1)",
                    "Henry V",
                    "Henry VIII",
                    "Richard II",
                    "Richard III",
                    "Merchant of Venice",
                    "Othello",
                    "King Lear"
            };


    public static final String[] DIALOGUE =
            {
                    "So shaken as we are, so wan with care," +
                            "Find we a time for frighted peace to pant," +
                            "And breathe short-winded accents of new broils" +
                            "To be commenced in strands afar remote." +
                            "No more the thirsty entrance of this soil" +
                            "Shall daub her lips with her own children's blood;" +
                            "Nor more shall trenching war channel her fields," +
                            "Nor bruise her flowerets with the armed hoofs" +
                            "Of hostile paces: those opposed eyes," +
                            "Which, like the meteors of a troubled heaven," +
                            "All of one nature, of one substance bred," +
                            "Did lately meet in the intestine shock" +
                            "And furious close of civil butchery" +
                            "Shall now, in mutual well-beseeming ranks," +
                            "March all one way and be no more opposed" +
                            "Against acquaintance, kindred and allies:" +
                            "The edge of war, like an ill-sheathed knife," +
                            "No more shall cut his master. Therefore, friends," +
                            "As far as to the sepulchre of Christ," +
                            "Whose soldier now, under whose blessed cross" +
                            "We are impressed and engaged to fight," +
                            "Forthwith a power of English shall we levy;" +
                            "Whose arms were moulded in their mothers' womb" +
                            "To chase these pagans in those holy fields" +
                            "Over whose acres walk'd those blessed feet" +
                            "Which fourteen hundred years ago were nail'd" +
                            "For our advantage on the bitter cross." +
                            "But this our purpose now is twelve month old," +
                            "And bootless 'tis to tell you we will go:" +
                            "Therefore we meet not now. Then let me hear" +
                            "Of you, my gentle cousin Westmoreland," +
                            "What yesternight our council did decree" +
                            "In forwarding this dear expedience.",

                    "Hear him but reason in divinity," +
                            "And all-admiring with an inward wish" +
                            "You would desire the king were made a prelate:" +
                            "Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs," +
                            "You would say it hath been all in all his study:" +
                            "List his discourse of war, and you shall hear" +
                            "A fearful battle render'd you in music:" +
                            "Turn him to any cause of policy," +
                            "The Gordian knot of it he will unloose," +
                            "Familiar as his garter: that, when he speaks," +
                            "The air, a charter'd libertine, is still," +
                            "And the mute wonder lurketh in men's ears," +
                            "To steal his sweet and honey'd sentences;" +
                            "So that the art and practic part of life" +
                            "Must be the mistress to this theoric:" +
                            "Which is a wonder how his grace should glean it," +
                            "Since his addiction was to courses vain," +
                            "His companies unletter'd, rude and shallow," +
                            "His hours fill'd up with riots, banquets, sports," +
                            "And never noted in him any study," +
                            "Any retirement, any sequestration" +
                            "From open haunts and popularity.",

                    "I come no more to make you laugh: things now," +
                            "That bear a weighty and a serious brow," +
                            "Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe," +
                            "Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow," +
                            "We now present. Those that can pity, here" +
                            "May, if they think it well, let fall a tear;" +
                            "The subject will deserve it. Such as give" +
                            "Their money out of hope they may believe," +
                            "May here find truth too. Those that come to see" +
                            "Only a show or two, and so agree" +
                            "The play may pass, if they be still and willing," +
                            "I'll undertake may see away their shilling" +
                            "Richly in two short hours. Only they" +
                            "That come to hear a merry bawdy play," +
                            "A noise of targets, or to see a fellow" +
                            "In a long motley coat guarded with yellow," +
                            "Will be deceived; for, gentle hearers, know," +
                            "To rank our chosen truth with such a show" +
                            "As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting" +
                            "Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring," +
                            "To make that only true we now intend," +
                            "Will leave us never an understanding friend." +
                            "Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are known" +
                            "The first and happiest hearers of the town," +
                            "Be sad, as we would make ye: think ye see" +
                            "The very persons of our noble story" +
                            "As they were living; think you see them great," +
                            "And follow'd with the general throng and sweat" +
                            "Of thousand friends; then in a moment, see" +
                            "How soon this mightiness meets misery:" +
                            "And, if you can be merry then, I'll say" +
                            "A man may weep upon his wedding-day.",

                    "First, heaven be the record to my speech!" +
                            "In the devotion of a subject's love," +
                            "Tendering the precious safety of my prince," +
                            "And free from other misbegotten hate," +
                            "Come I appellant to this princely presence." +
                            "Now, Thomas Mowbray, do I turn to thee," +
                            "And mark my greeting well; for what I speak" +
                            "My body shall make good upon this earth," +
                            "Or my divine soul answer it in heaven." +
                            "Thou art a traitor and a miscreant," +
                            "Too good to be so and too bad to live," +
                            "Since the more fair and crystal is the sky," +
                            "The uglier seem the clouds that in it fly." +
                            "Once more, the more to aggravate the note," +
                            "With a foul traitor's name stuff I thy throat;" +
                            "And wish, so please my sovereign, ere I move," +
                            "What my tongue speaks my right drawn sword may prove.",

                    "Now is the winter of our discontent" +
                            "Made glorious summer by this sun of York;" +
                            "And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house" +
                            "In the deep bosom of the ocean buried." +
                            "Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths;" +
                            "Our bruised arms hung up for monuments;" +
                            "Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings," +
                            "Our dreadful marches to delightful measures." +
                            "Grim-visaged war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front;" +
                            "And now, instead of mounting barded steeds" +
                            "To fright the souls of fearful adversaries," +
                            "He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber" +
                            "To the lascivious pleasing of a lute." +
                            "But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks," +
                            "Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;" +
                            "I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty" +
                            "To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;" +
                            "I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion," +
                            "Cheated of feature by dissembling nature," +
                            "Deformed, unfinish'd, sent before my time" +
                            "Into this breathing world, scarce half made up," +
                            "And that so lamely and unfashionable" +
                            "That dogs bark at me as I halt by them;" +
                            "Why, I, in this weak piping time of peace," +
                            "Have no delight to pass away the time," +
                            "Unless to spy my shadow in the sun" +
                            "And descant on mine own deformity:" +
                            "And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover," +
                            "To entertain these fair well-spoken days," +
                            "I am determined to prove a villain" +
                            "And hate the idle pleasures of these days." +
                            "Plots have I laid, inductions dangerous," +
                            "By drunken prophecies, libels and dreams," +
                            "To set my brother Clarence and the king" +
                            "In deadly hate the one against the other:" +
                            "And if King Edward be as true and just" +
                            "As I am subtle, false and treacherous," +
                            "This day should Clarence closely be mew'd up," +
                            "About a prophecy, which says that 'G'" +
                            "Of Edward's heirs the murderer shall be." +
                            "Dive, thoughts, down to my soul: here" +
                            "Clarence comes.",

                    "To bait fish withal: if it will feed nothing else," +
                            "it will feed my revenge. He hath disgraced me, and" +
                            "hindered me half a million; laughed at my losses," +
                            "mocked at my gains, scorned my nation, thwarted my" +
                            "bargains, cooled my friends, heated mine" +
                            "enemies; and what's his reason? I am a Jew. Hath" +
                            "not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs," +
                            "dimensions, senses, affections, passions? fed with" +
                            "the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject" +
                            "to the same diseases, healed by the same means," +
                            "warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer, as" +
                            "a Christian is? If you prick us, do we not bleed?" +
                            "if you tickle us, do we not laugh? if you poison" +
                            "us, do we not die? and if you wrong us, shall we not" +
                            "revenge? If we are like you in the rest, we will" +
                            "resemble you in that. If a Jew wrong a Christian," +
                            "what is his humility? Revenge. If a Christian" +
                            "wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by" +
                            "Christian example? Why, revenge. The villany you" +
                            "teach me, I will execute, and it shall go hard but I" +
                            "will better the instruction.",

                    "Virtue! a fig! 'tis in ourselves that we are thus" +
                            "or thus. Our bodies are our gardens, to the which" +
                            "our wills are gardeners: so that if we will plant" +
                            "nettles, or sow lettuce, set hyssop and weed up" +
                            "thyme, supply it with one gender of herbs, or" +
                            "distract it with many, either to have it sterile" +
                            "with idleness, or manured with industry, why, the" +
                            "power and corrigible authority of this lies in our" +
                            "wills. If the balance of our lives had not one" +
                            "scale of reason to poise another of sensuality, the" +
                            "blood and baseness of our natures would conduct us" +
                            "to most preposterous conclusions: but we have" +
                            "reason to cool our raging motions, our carnal" +
                            "stings, our unbitted lusts, whereof I take this that" +
                            "you call love to be a sect or scion.",

                    "Blow, winds, and crack your cheeks! rage! blow!" +
                            "You cataracts and hurricanoes, spout" +
                            "Till you have drench'd our steeples, drown'd the cocks!" +
                            "You sulphurous and thought-executing fires," +
                            "Vaunt-couriers to oak-cleaving thunderbolts," +
                            "Singe my white head! And thou, all-shaking thunder," +
                            "Smite flat the thick rotundity o' the world!" +
                            "Crack nature's moulds, an germens spill at once," +
                            "That make ingrateful man!"
            };


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        initView();
        initData();
    }

    private void initData() {
        mSlidingPaneLayout.closePane();
        mSlidingPaneLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new FirstLayoutListener());

        mListView.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1, TITLES));
        mListView.setOnItemClickListener(new ListItemClickListener());
    }

    private void initView() {
        mSlidingPaneLayout = (SlidingPaneLayout) findViewById(R.id.sliding_pane_layout);
        mListView = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.left_pane);
        mTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.content_text);
    }


    public class ListItemClickListener implements AdapterView.OnItemClickListener{
        @Override
        public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {
            mTextView.setText(DIALOGUE[position]);
//            mActionBar.setTitle(TITLES[position]);
            mSlidingPaneLayout.closePane();
        }
    }

    public class FirstLayoutListener implements ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener{
        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            mSlidingPaneLayout.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(this);
        }
    }
}

运行项目,效果如下:
这里写图片描述

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