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Android 注册小实例

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这两天在学习Android,看了几天视频以后,因为之前做过一个小的Android项目感觉看完视频没有什么很难的。但是因为我们做的那个项目之前都是封装好的,所以觉得好多东西都不会,没有自己搭建起一个项目。所以决定实战一下可能自己搭建的过程中就会遇到很多问题。做实例不是从登陆就是从注册开始做,我就从注册开始做起。

1.建包

首先建立一个项目里面有自己规定好的包,如图:


因为我只做了个注册,所以没有把包分的那么仔细。应该还有存放adpater,工具类等等,项目大的话把他们都分开。

2.编写界面布局activity_regesiter.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#F0F0F0"
    android:orientation="vertical" >
    
     <LinearLayout style="@style/top_title_style" >
        <TextView
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_margin="5dp"
            android:layout_marginTop="2dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:paddingLeft="4dp"
            android:text="注册"
            android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
            android:textSize="20sp" />

    </LinearLayout>

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="45dp"
        android:background="#FFFFFF"
        android:minHeight="50.0dip"
        android:layout_marginTop="30.0dip"
        android:paddingLeft="14.0dip"
        android:paddingRight="0dip" >


        <EditText
            android:id="@+id/et_register_username_id"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerVertical="true"
            android:layout_marginLeft="0dp"
            android:background="#FFFFFF"
            android:hint="手机号"
            android:paddingLeft="15dip"
            android:textColorHint="#BEBEBE"
            android:textSize="18sp" />
        
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/bt_getcode_id"
            android:layout_width="140dp"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_centerVertical="true"
            android:layout_marginLeft="200dp"
            android:background="@drawable/shape1"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="获取验证码"
            android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
            android:textSize="14sp" />
    </RelativeLayout>

    <View style="@style/PersonalLine" />

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="45dp"
        android:background="#FFFFFF"
        android:minHeight="50.0dip"
        android:paddingLeft="14.0dip"
        android:paddingRight="12.0dip" >

        <EditText
            android:id="@+id/et_register_code_id"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerVertical="true"
            android:layout_marginLeft="0dp"
            android:background="@null"
            android:hint="请输入验证码"
            android:paddingLeft="15dip"
            android:textColorHint="#BEBEBE"
            android:textSize="18sp" />

        
    </RelativeLayout>

    <View style="@style/PersonalLine" />

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="45dp"
        android:background="#FFFFFF"
        android:minHeight="50.0dip"
        android:paddingLeft="14.0dip"
        android:paddingRight="12.0dip" >


        <EditText
            android:id="@+id/et_register_password_id"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_centerVertical="true"
            android:layout_marginLeft="0dp"
            android:background="@null"
            android:hint="请输入密码"
            android:inputType="textPassword"
            android:paddingLeft="15dip"
            android:textColorHint="#BEBEBE"
            android:textSize="18sp" />
    </RelativeLayout>

    <View style="@style/PersonalLine" />


    <Button
        android:id="@+id/bt_register_id"
        android:layout_width="300dp"
        android:layout_height="40dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:background="@drawable/shape2"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="注  册"
        android:textColor="#FFFFFF"
        android:textSize="18sp" />

</LinearLayout>

3.抽取公共类URL,存放URL地址的

public class URL {
	private static String urlPrefix = "http://120.25.249.94/jrkj/GetJrkjData.ashx?op=";

	/**
	 * 注册
	 */
	public final static String REGISTER_URL = urlPrefix + "RegistUser";
}<span style="color:#3366ff;">
</span>

4.编写实体UserEntity

/**
 * 注册实体类
 * @author xiao
 *
 */
public class UserEntity {
	private String result;
	private String data;
	public String getData() {
		return data;
	}
	public void setData(String data) {
		this.data = data;
	}
	public String getResult() {
		return result;
	}
	public void setResult(String result) {
		this.result = result;
	}
}<span style="color:#3366ff;">
</span>

5.编写RegesiterActivity

public class RegesiterActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {


	// 定义页面控件
	private EditText etUsername;
	private EditText etcode;
	private EditText etpassword;

	private Button btnCodeButton;
	private Button btnRegesiterButton;

	private TextView textView;

	// 定义变量
	private String userName;
	private String passWord;

	// 客户端输入的验证码
	private String valicationCode;

	// 服务器端获取的验证码
	private static String serverValicationCode;

	public boolean isChange = false;
	private boolean tag = true;
	private int i = 60;

	Thread thread = null;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_regesiter);

		// 初始化页面控件
		initView();
	}

	/**
	 * 初始化页面控件事件
	 */
	public void initView() {
		etUsername = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_register_username_id);
		etpassword = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_register_password_id);
		etcode = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.et_register_code_id);
		btnCodeButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bt_getcode_id);
		btnRegesiterButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.bt_register_id);
		btnCodeButton.setOnClickListener(this);
		btnRegesiterButton.setOnClickListener(this);
	}

	@Override
	public void onClick(View v) {
		switch (v.getId()) {
		case R.id.bt_getcode_id:
			// 判断用户名和密码是否输入
			if (!isvalidate())
				break;
			btnCodeButton.setText("获取验证码");
			btnCodeButton.setClickable(true);
			isChange = true;
			changeBtnGetCode();
			getValidateCode();
			break;
		case R.id.bt_register_id:
			register();
			break;
			
		default:
			break;
		}

	}

	/**
	 * 判断用户名和密码是否输入
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	private boolean isvalidate() {
		// 获取控件取值
		String username = etUsername.getText().toString().trim();
		String password = etpassword.getText().toString().trim();

		if (username == null || username.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "手机号不能为空", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}
		if (password == null || username.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "密码不能为空", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}
		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * 点击验证码按钮
	 */
	private void changeBtnGetCode() {
		thread = new Thread() {
			@Override
			public void run() {
				if (tag) {
					while (i > 0) {
						i--;
						if (RegesiterActivity.this == null) {
							break;
						}

						RegesiterActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
							@Override
							public void run() {
								btnCodeButton.setText("获取验证码(" + i + ")");
								btnCodeButton.setClickable(false);
							}
						});
						try {
							Thread.sleep(1000);
						} catch (InterruptedException e) {
							throw new RuntimeException(e);
						}
					}
					tag = false;
				}
				i = 60;
				tag = true;
				if (RegesiterActivity.this != null) {
					RegesiterActivity.this.runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
						@Override
						public void run() {
							btnCodeButton.setText("获取验证码");
							btnCodeButton.setClickable(true);
						}
					});
				}
			};
		};
		thread.start();
	}

	/**
	 * 获取验证码
	 * 
	 * @return
	 */
	public boolean getValidateCode() {

		String name = etUsername.getText().toString().trim();
		String code = etcode.getText().toString().trim();
		if (name.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "请输入用户名或手机号!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		} else {
			userName = name;
			valicationCode = code;
			Thread codeThread = new Thread(codeRunnable);
			codeThread.start();
		}
		return true;
	}

	/** 实例化的handler */
	private Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
		@Override
		public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
			switch (msg.what) {
			case 1:
				serverValicationCode = (String) msg.obj;
				Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "获取验证码成功!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				break;
			case -1:
				Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "获取验证码失败!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				break;
			case 0:
				Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "哎呀,出错啦..", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				break;
			case 2:
				Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "注册成功!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				Intent intent = new Intent();
				intent.setClass(RegesiterActivity.this, EditxuqiuActivity.class);
				startActivity(intent);
				break;
			default:
				break;
			}
			super.handleMessage(msg);
		}

	};


	/** 定义获取验证码的子线程 */
	private Runnable codeRunnable = new Runnable() {
		@Override
		public void run() {
			Message msg = new Message();
			UserEntity userEntity = null;
			try {
				userEntity = requestByHttpPost();
				// 获取服务器数据
				serverValicationCode = userEntity.getResult();

				// 返回true则将消息的what值为1,为false则what为-1,异常为0
				if (serverValicationCode.equals("")) {
					msg.what = -1;
				} else {
					msg.what = 1;
					msg.obj = serverValicationCode;
				}

			} catch (Exception e) {
				msg.what = 0;
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		}

	};

	
	/**
	 * 从服务器获取验证码
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public UserEntity requestByHttpPost() throws Exception {
		UserEntity userEntity = null;
		String urlString = URL.REGISTER_URL;
		HttpGet getMethod = new HttpGet(urlString);
		HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
		try {
			HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(getMethod); // 发起GET请求
			System.out.println(response.toString());
			String strResponseString = EntityUtils.toString(
					response.getEntity(), "utf-8");
			userEntity = JSON.parseObject(strResponseString, UserEntity.class);

		} catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		return userEntity;
	}
	
	/**
	 * 注册
	 * 
	 */
	public void register() {
		// 1.首先判断输入的值是否有效
		// 2.然后判断输入的验证码是否有效(防止没有点击获取验证码自己填的错误验证码)
		// 3.最后注册
		if (isValid()) {
			if (valicationCode.equals(serverValicationCode)) {
				Thread thread = new Thread(sRunnable);
				thread.start();
			} else {
				Toast.makeText(this, "输入的验证码不正确!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			}

		}
	}
	
	/**
	 * 注册之前判断数据是否为空
	 * 
	 */
	public boolean isValid() {

		userName = etUsername.getText().toString().trim();
		valicationCode = etcode.getText().toString().trim();
		passWord = etpassword.getText().toString().trim();

		if (userName.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "请输入手机号!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}

		if (valicationCode.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "验证码不能为空!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}

		if (!serverValicationCode.equals(valicationCode)) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "验证码错误", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}

		if (passWord.equals("")) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "密码不能为空!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		} else if (passWord.length() < 6) {
			Toast.makeText(this, "密码至少6位!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
			return false;
		}

		return true;
	}
	
	/** 自定义注册子线程 */
	private Runnable sRunnable = new Runnable() {
		@Override
		public void run() {
			Message msg = new Message();
			try {
				//获取数据
				UserEntity userentity=getRegesiterData();
				String result=userentity.getResult();
				// 返回值为success表示成功
				if (result.equals("success")) {
					msg.what = 2;
					msg.obj = result;
				} else if (result.equals("false")) {
					msg.what = -1;
				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				msg.what = 0;
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		}
	};
	
	/**
	 * 从服务器获取注册是否成功的消息
	 * @return
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	public UserEntity getRegesiterData() throws Exception {
		String urlString = URL.REGISTER_URL;
		UserEntity userEntity = null;
		HttpGet getMethod = new HttpGet(urlString);
		HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
		try {
			HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(getMethod); // 发起GET请求
			System.out.println(response.toString());
			String strResponseString = EntityUtils.toString(
					response.getEntity(), "utf-8");
			userEntity = JSON.parseObject(strResponseString, UserEntity.class);

		} catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IOException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		return userEntity;
	}
	

}<span style="color:#3366ff;">
</span>

6.配置AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.smile.jrkjshizhan"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >
    <!-- 设置通信权限 -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
    
    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="8"
        android:targetSdkVersion="17" />

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@android:style/Theme.Light.NoTitleBar" >
        <!-- 注册 -->
        <activity
            android:name="com.smile.jrkjshizhan.ui.RegesiterActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
       <!-- 设置启动开启页面 -->
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
                
    </application> 

</manifest>

最后一定不要忘记配置通信权限,我就是忘记了配置通信权限,所以访问不了借口的数据。

给大家上一个注册图:


原本想着录屏来着,模拟器怎么也打不开,就给大家上一张图片吧。。。

这是一个完整的注册实例,大家按照这个写,就能完成注册的功能。献给那些初学者们!欢迎大家多多提意见!最后在Activity中有两次访问url,一次是从服务器中获取验证码,一次是从服务器中获取注册信息,里面有好多重复的代码,目前正在封装中,稍后呈现给大家。







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