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Android5.0(lollipop)新特性介绍(一)

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今年6月的Google I/O大会上,Android L的初次见面我相信让会让很多android粉丝有些小激动和小期待,当然作为开发者的我来说,激动不言而喻,毕竟这是自08年以来改变最大的一个版本。新的设计语言(Material Design),5000多个新增api。废话不多说,今天要说的基本都是在Android5.0中很常见,也算是对自己学习的一种记录。

1.CardView

顾名思义,CardView 卡片视图,继承自framelayout,可以通过设置圆角以及阴影来展示带有像卡片一样的效果

用法:在布局声明CardView(注意:需要引入android-support-v7-cardview.jar) 

<span style="font-size:14px;"><android.support.v7.widget.CardView
  android:id="@+id/cardview"
  android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:elevation="100dp"
  card_view:cardBackgroundColor="@color/cardview_initial_background"
  card_view:cardCornerRadius="8dp"
  android:layout_marginLeft="@dimen/margin_large"
  android:layout_marginRight="@dimen/margin_large">
  <TextView
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_margin="@dimen/margin_medium"
      android:text="@string/cardview_contents"/>
</android.support.v7.widget.CardView></span>

在Activity中通过调用mCardView.setRadius(progress)与mCardView.setElevation(progress)方法来分别设置CardView的圆角和阴影。

2.RecyclerView

RecyclerView的出现可以替代ListView和GridView,它标准化了ViewHolder,之前我们在写ListView的Adapter时需要自定义ViewHolder来提升ListView速度。使用RecyclerView的时候必须要设置LayoutManager,它会通知系统以什么样的布局来展示RecyclerView,目前系统提供了2种LayoutManager,LinearLayoutManager和GridLayoutManager对应着线性和格子,当然了也可以自定义LayoutManager来满足各种需求

用法:布局文件中声明RecyclerView(注意:需要引入android-support-v7-recyclerview.jar)

<span style="font-size:14px;"><LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent"
  android:orientation="vertical">
  <RadioGroup
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:gravity="center_horizontal"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:checkedButton="@+id/linear_layout_rb">
    <RadioButton android:id="@+id/linear_layout_rb"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/linear_layout_manager"/>
    <RadioButton android:id="@+id/grid_layout_rb"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:text="@string/grid_layout_manager"/>
  </RadioGroup>
  <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    android:id="@+id/recyclerView"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"/>
</LinearLayout></span>

在Activity中调用如下代码

<span style="font-size:14px;">mRecyclerView = (RecyclerView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.recyclerView);
//类似listview
mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(getActivity()));
//类似grdiview
mRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(new GridLayoutManager(getActivity(), 3));
mAdapter = new CustomAdapter(mDataset);
// Set CustomAdapter as the adapter for RecyclerView.
mRecyclerView.setAdapter(mAdapter);</span>

CustomAdapter代码如下

<span style="font-size:14px;">public class CustomAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<CustomAdapter.ViewHolder> {
  private static final String TAG = "CustomAdapter";
  private String[] mDataSet;
  /**
   * Provide a reference to the type of views that you are using (custom ViewHolder)
   */
  public static class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
    private final TextView textView;
    public ViewHolder(View v) {
      super(v);
      // Define click listener for the ViewHolder's View.
      v.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
        }
      });
      textView = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.textView);
    }
    public TextView getTextView() {
      return textView;
    }
  }
  /**
   * Initialize the dataset of the Adapter.
   *
   * @param dataSet String[] containing the data to populate views to be used by RecyclerView.
   */
  public CustomAdapter(String[] dataSet) {
    mDataSet = dataSet;
  }
  // Create new views (invoked by the layout manager)
  @Override
  public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup viewGroup, int viewType) {
    // Create a new view.
    View v = LayoutInflater.from(viewGroup.getContext())
        .inflate(R.layout.text_row_item, viewGroup, false);
    return new ViewHolder(v);
  }
  // Replace the contents of a view (invoked by the layout manager)
  @Override
  public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder viewHolder, final int position) {
    // Get element from your dataset at this position and replace the contents of the view
    // with that element
    viewHolder.getTextView().setText(mDataSet[position]);
    viewHolder.getTextView().setPadding(0, position, 0, 0);
  }
  // Return the size of your dataset (invoked by the layout manager)
  @Override
  public int getItemCount() {
    return mDataSet.length;
  }
}</span>
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