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hdu1142 dijstra + 记忆化搜索

标签: 1142记忆化搜索dijkstra
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题目难以理解,不过最后百度后才理解的大意,其中有一个关键的意思是,如果A到B直接相连,且从A到终点的最短路径大于从B到终点的最短路径,则该人可以从A走向B,问这样走下去,合法路径一共有多少。


直接贴代码,该题让我练习了一下dijkstra和记忆化搜索,说实话,记忆化搜索对于我来说,还真是硬伤。还得没事多练习下。


/*
His office is numbered 1,
and his house is numbered 2.
The first  N,
1 < N ≤ 1000,  M.
The following
M
1 ≤ d ≤ 1000000
There is at most one path between any pair of intersections.


Output
assume that this number does not exceed 2147483647

Sample Input
5 6
1 3 2
1 4 2
3 4 3
1 5 12
4 2 34
5 2 24
7 8
1 3 1
1 4 1
3 7 1
7 4 1
7 5 1
6 7 1
5 2 1
6 2 1
0


Sample Output
2
4

*/


#include <cstdio>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <queue>
#include <utility> //pair头文件
#include <cstring>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

const int V_MAX = 1005;

typedef struct edge
{
    int to ,cost;
    edge(int a, int b){
        to = a;
        cost = b;
    }
}edge;
unsigned int dp[V_MAX];
int N,M;

vector<edge> G[V_MAX];
typedef pair<int, int > P;

const unsigned int INF = 1<<32 -1;

void cal_minpath(int s)
{
    for(int i=1; i<=N; i++)dp[i] = INF;
    dp[s] = 0;
    priority_queue<P, vector<P >,greater<P > > pque;
    pque.push(P(0,s));
    while(!pque.empty())
    {
        P temp = pque.top();
        pque.pop();
        int len = temp.first;
        int V = temp.second;
        if(len > dp[V])continue;
        for(int i=0;i<G[V].size(); i++)
        {
            int fir = G[V][i].to;
            int sec = G[V][i].cost;
            if(dp[fir] > dp[V]+sec)
            {
                dp[fir] = dp[V] + sec;
                pque.push(P(dp[fir], fir));
            }
        }
    }
}

int visited[V_MAX];
unsigned int sum[V_MAX];
unsigned int dfs(int s)
{
    if(sum[s]){return sum[s];}
    if(s == 2){return 1;}
    unsigned int psum = 0;
    for(int i=0; i<G[s].size(); i++)
    {
        edge e = G[s][i];
        if(dp[s] > dp[e.to])
        {
            if(sum[e.to])psum += sum[e.to];
            else psum += dfs(e.to);
        }
    }
    sum[s] = psum;
    return sum[s];
}


int main(){
    while(true)
    {
        int from,to,cost;
        memset(visited,0,sizeof(visited));
        memset(sum, 0, sizeof(sum));
        memset(G,0,sizeof(G));

        scanf("%d", &N);
        if(N == 0)break;
        scanf("%d", &M);
        for(int i=0; i<M; i++)
        {
            scanf("%d%d%d",&from, &to, &cost);
            G[from].push_back(edge(to,cost));
            G[to].push_back(edge(from,cost));
        }
        cal_minpath(2);
        cout << dfs(1) << endl;
    }
    return 0;
}


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