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BLOB二进制对象(blob.c/h)

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转载:https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000002391970

BLOB二进制对象(blob.c/h)

数据结构

<button href="javascript:void(0);" _xhe_href="javascript:void(0);" class="copyCode btn btn-xs" data-clipboard-text="" struct="" blob_attr="" {"="" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="bottom" title="" style="color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; font-size: 12px; line-height: 1.5; font-family: inherit; margin: 0px 0px 0px 5px; overflow: visible; cursor: pointer; vertical-align: middle; border: 1px solid transparent; white-space: nowrap; padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; border-radius: 3px; -webkit-user-select: none; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.0980392) 0px 1px 2px; background-image: none; background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.74902);">复制
struct blob_attr { uint32_t id_len; /** 高1位为extend标志,高7位存储id, * 低24位存储data的内存大小 */ char data[]; } __packed; struct blob_attr_info { unsigned int type; unsigned int minlen; unsigned int maxlen; bool (*validate)(const struct blob_attr_info *, struct blob_attr *); }; struct blob_buf { struct blob_attr *head; bool (*grow)(struct blob_buf *buf, int minlen); int buflen; void *buf; };

存储结构

接口说明

获取BLOB属性信息

/**
 * 返回指向BLOB属性数据区指针
 */
static inline void * blob_data(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 返回BLOB属性ID
 */
static inline unsigned int blob_id(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 判断BLOB属性扩展标志是否为真
 */
static inline bool blob_is_extended(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 返回BLOB属性有效存储空间大小
 */
static inline unsigned int blob_len(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/*
 * 返回BLOB属性完全存储空间大小(包括头部)
 */
static inline unsigned int blob_raw_len(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/*
 * 返回BLOB属性填补后存储空间大小(包括头部)
 */
static inline unsigned int blob_pad_len(const struct blob_attr *attr)

获取BLOB数据信息

static inline uint8_t blob_get_u8(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline uint16_t blob_get_u16(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline uint32_t blob_get_u32(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline uint64_t blob_get_u64(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline int8_t blob_get_int8(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline int16_t blob_get_int16(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline int32_t blob_get_int32(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline int64_t blob_get_int64(const struct blob_attr *attr)

static inline const char * blob_get_string(const struct blob_attr *attr)

设置BLOB数据信息

static inline struct blob_attr *
blob_put_string(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, const char *str)

static inline struct blob_attr *
blob_put_u8(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, uint8_t val)

static inline struct blob_attr *
blob_put_u16(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, uint16_t val)

static inline struct blob_attr *
blob_put_u32(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, uint32_t val)

static inline struct blob_attr *
blob_put_u64(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, uint64_t val)

#define blob_put_int8   blob_put_u8
#define blob_put_int16  blob_put_u16
#define blob_put_int32  blob_put_u32
#define blob_put_int64  blob_put_u64

struct blob_attr *
blob_put(struct blob_buf *buf, int id, const void *ptr, unsigned int len)

/**
 * ptr - 指向struct blob_attr
 */
struct blob_attr *
blob_put_raw(struct blob_buf *buf, const void *ptr, unsigned int len)

遍历

#define __blob_for_each_attr(pos, attr, rem)
#define blob_for_each_attr(pos, attr, rem)

复制

struct blob_attr * blob_memdup(struct blob_attr *attr)

数据类型判断

enum {
    BLOB_ATTR_UNSPEC,
    BLOB_ATTR_NESTED,  /** 嵌套 */
    BLOB_ATTR_BINARY,
    BLOB_ATTR_STRING,
    BLOB_ATTR_INT8,
    BLOB_ATTR_INT16,
    BLOB_ATTR_INT32,
    BLOB_ATTR_INT64,
    BLOB_ATTR_LAST
};
bool blob_check_type(const void *ptr, unsigned int len, int type)

嵌套操作

void * blob_nest_start(struct blob_buf *buf, int id)
Void blob_nest_end(struct blob_buf *buf, void *cookie)

判断

bool blob_attr_equal(const struct blob_attr *a1, const struct blob_attr *a2)

初始/销毁

/**
 * 初始化BLOB buffer
 */
int blob_buf_init(struct blob_buf *buf, int id)

/**
 * 销毁BLOB buffer
 */
void blob_buf_free(struct blob_buf *buf)

解析BLOB

/**
 * 从attr串中根据info策略过滤,得到的结果存储在data属性数组中
 *
 * @param  attr 输入BLOB属性串
 * @param  data 输出BLOB属性数组
 * @param  info 属性过滤策略
 * @param  max data数组大小
 */
int blob_parse(struct blob_attr *attr, struct blob_attr **data, 
               const struct blob_attr_info *info, int max)

BLOB消息对象(blobmsg.c/h)

数据结构

struct blobmsg_hdr {
    uint16_t namelen;
    uint8_t name[];
} __packed;

struct blobmsg_policy {
    const char *name;
    enum blobmsg_type type;
};

存储结构

消息类型

enum blobmsg_type {
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_UNSPEC,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_ARRAY,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_TABLE,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_STRING,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_INT64,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_INT32,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_INT16,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_INT8,
    __BLOBMSG_TYPE_LAST,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_LAST = __BLOBMSG_TYPE_LAST - 1,
    BLOBMSG_TYPE_BOOL = BLOBMSG_TYPE_INT8,
};

接口说明

基本操作

/**
 * 根据BLOB消息名字长度计算出blobmsg头部大小
 */
static inline int blobmsg_hdrlen(unsigned int namelen)

/**
 * 获取BLOB消息名字
 */
static inline const char *blobmsg_name(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 获取BLOB消息类型
 */
static inline int blobmsg_type(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 获取BLOB消息数据内容
 */
static inline void *blobmsg_data(const struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 获取BLOB消息数据内容大小
 */
static inline int blobmsg_data_len(const struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline int blobmsg_len(const struct blob_attr *attr)

数据类型判断

/**
 * 判断BLOBMSG属性类型是否合法
 */
bool blobmsg_check_attr(const struct blob_attr *attr, bool name)

设置

int blobmsg_add_field(struct blob_buf *buf, int type, const char *name,
                      const void *data, unsigned int len)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_u8(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, uint8_t val)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_u16(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, uint16_t val)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_u32(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, uint32_t val)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_u64(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, uint64_t val)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_string(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, const char *string)

static inline int
blobmsg_add_blob(struct blob_buf *buf, struct blob_attr *attr)

/**
 * 格式化设备BLOGMSG
 */
void blobmsg_printf(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, const char *format, ...)

获取

static inline uint8_t blobmsg_get_u8(struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline bool blobmsg_get_bool(struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline uint16_t blobmsg_get_u16(struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline uint32_t blobmsg_get_u32(struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline uint64_t blobmsg_get_u64(struct blob_attr *attr)
static inline char *blobmsg_get_string(struct blob_attr *attr)

创建

/**
 * 创建BLOBMSG,返回数据区开始地址
 */
void *blobmsg_alloc_string_buffer(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name, 
unsigned int maxlen)

/**
 * 扩大BLOGMSG,返回数据区开始地址
 */
void *blobmsg_realloc_string_buffer(struct blob_buf *buf, unsigned int maxlen)

void blobmsg_add_string_buffer(struct blob_buf *buf)

遍历

#define blobmsg_for_each_attr(pos, attr, rem)

嵌套

static inline void * blobmsg_open_array(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name)
static inline void blobmsg_close_array(struct blob_buf *buf, void *cookie)

static inline void *blobmsg_open_table(struct blob_buf *buf, const char *name)
static inline void blobmsg_close_table(struct blob_buf *buf, void *cookie)

解析BLOGMSG

/**
 * 从data BLOGMSG串中根据policy策略过滤,得到的结果存储在tb BLOGATTR数组中
 *
 * @param  policy 过滤策略
 * @param  policy_len 策略个数
 * @param  tb 返回属性数据
 * @param  len data属性个数
 */
int blobmsg_parse(const struct blobmsg_policy *policy, int policy_len,
                  struct blob_attr **tb, void *data, unsigned int len)

例子

把UCI转化为BLOB

UCI配置文件:
/etc/config/test

config policy test
    option name 'test'
    option enable '1'
    option dns '1.1.1.1 2.2.2.2'

定义参数列表:

enum {
    POLICY_ATTR_NAME,       /** name */
    POLICY_ATTR_ENABLE,     /** enable */
    POLICY_ATTR_DNS,        /** dns */
    __POLICY_ATTR_MAX
};

static const struct blobmsg_policy policy_attrs[__POLICY_ATTR_MAX] = {
    [POLICY_ATTR_NAME] = { .name = "name", .type = BLOBMSG_TYPE_STRING },
    [POLICY_ATTR_ENABLE] = { .name = "enable", .type = BLOBMSG_TYPE_BOOL },
    [POLICY_ATTR_DNS] = { .name = "dns", .type = BLOBMSG_TYPE_ARRAY },
};

/** 定义BLOBMSG_TYPE_ARRAY类型参数的实际数据类型 */
static const struct uci_blob_param_info policy_attr_info[__POLICY_ATTR_MAX] = {
    [POLICY_ATTR_DNS] = { .type = BLOBMSG_TYPE_STRING },
};

static const struct uci_blob_param_list policy_attr_list = {
    .n_params = __POLICY_ATTR_MAX,
    .params = policy_attrs,
    .info = policy_attr_info,
};

转化为BLOB:

static struct uci_context *g_uci_ctx;
static struct blob_buf *b;

void
transform(const char *config)
{
    struct uci_context *ctx = g_uci_ctx;
    struct uci_package *p = NULL;

    if (!ctx) {
        ctx = uci_alloc_context();
        g_uci_ctx = ctx;
        uci_set_confdir(ctx, NULL);
    } else {
        p = uci_lookup_package(ctx, config);
        if (p)
            uci_unload(ctx, p);
    }

    if (uci_load(ctx, config, &p))
        return;    

    struct uci_element *e;
    struct blob_attr *config = NULL;
    uci_foreach_element(&p->sectons, e) {
        struct uci_section *s = uci_to_section(e);

        blob_buf_init(&b, 0);
        uci_to_blob(&b, s, &policy_attr_list);
        config = blob_memdup(b.head);

        /**
         * do something with `config` 
         * free(config), when not use it
         */
    }
}

使用转化后的blob_attr

void
foo(blob_attr *confg)
{
    struct blob_attr *tb[__POLICY_ATTR_MAX];

    blobmsg_parse(policy_attrs, __POLICY_ATTR_MAX, tb,
            blob_data(config), blob_len(config));

    /**
     * do something with *tb[] 
     */
}
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