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Sort List

标签: 链表c++
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1.问题描述

Sort a linked list in O(n log n) time using constant space complexity.

链表排序。

2.解答

/**
 * Definition for singly-linked list.
 * struct ListNode {
 *     int val;
 *     ListNode *next;
 *     ListNode(int x) : val(x), next(NULL) {}
 * };
 */
class Solution {
public:
    ListNode* sortList(ListNode* head) 
    {
        if(head==NULL || head->next==NULL)
            return head;
        
        ListNode* head1=NULL;
        ListNode* head2=NULL;
        
        splitlist(head,&head1,&head2);
        ListNode* left=sortList(head1);
        ListNode* right=sortList(head2);
        return mergetwolist(left,right);
    }
    ListNode* mergetwolist(ListNode* head1,ListNode* head2)
    {
        if(!head1) return head2;
        if(!head2) return head1;
        
        ListNode* head=new ListNode(0);
        ListNode* pre=head;
        
        while(head1!=NULL && head2!=NULL)
        {
            if(head1->val<head2->val)
            {
                pre->next=head1;
                pre=pre->next;
                head1=head1->next;
            }
            else
            {
                pre->next=head2;
                pre=pre->next;
                head2=head2->next;
            }
        }
        if(!head1)
        {
            pre->next=head2;
        }
        if(!head2)
        {
            pre->next=head1;
        }
        
        pre=head->next;
        delete head;
        return pre;
    }
    
    void splitlist(ListNode* head,ListNode** head1,ListNode** head2)
    {
        if(head==NULL || head->next==NULL)
        {
            *head1=head;
            *head2=NULL;
        }
        else
        {
            ListNode* slow=head;
            ListNode* fast=head->next;
            
            while(fast!=NULL && fast->next!=NULL)
            {
                slow=slow->next;
                fast=fast->next->next;
            }
            *head1=head;
            *head2=slow->next;
            slow->next=NULL;
        }
    }
};


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