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NYOJ 156 Hangover

标签: pojc优化
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Hangover

时间限制:1000 ms  |  内存限制:65535 KB
难度:1
描述

How far can you make a stack of cards overhang a table? If you have one card, you can create a maximum overhang of half a card length. (We're assuming that the cards must be perpendicular to the table.) With two cards you can make the top card overhang the bottom one by half a card length, and the bottom one overhang the table by a third of a card length, for a total maximum overhang of 1/2 + 1/3 = 5/6 card lengths. In general you can make n cards overhang by 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + ... + 1/(n + 1) card lengths, where the top card overhangs the second by 1/2, the second overhangs tha third by 1/3, the third overhangs the fourth by 1/4, etc., and the bottom card overhangs the table by 1/(n + 1). This is illustrated in the figure below.


 

输入
The input consists of one or more test cases, followed by a line containing the number 0.00 that signals the end of the input. Each test case is a single line containing a positive floating-point number c whose value is at least 0.01 and at most 5.20; c will contain exactly three digits.
输出
For each test case, output the minimum number of cards necessary to achieve an overhang of at least c card lengths. Use the exact output format shown in the examples.
样例输入
1.003.710.045.190.00
样例输出
3 card(s)61 card(s)1 card(s)273 card(s)
来源
POJ
上传者
iphxer
#include<stdio.h>
int main()
{
    double sum;
    while(~scanf("%lf",&sum),sum)
    {
        double s=0,a=0;
        while(sum>s)
        {
            s+=1/(2+a);
            a++;
        }
        printf("%.lf card(s)\n",a);
    }
    return 0;
}

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