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DNA Sorting

标签: 归并排序
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Problem 62: DNA Sorting


Time Limit:1 Ms| Memory Limit:7 MB
Difficulty:1


Description

One measure of ``unsortedness'' in a sequence is the number of pairs of entries that are out of order with respect to each other. For instance, in the letter sequence ``DAABEC'', this measure is 5, since D is greater than four letters to its right and E is greater than one letter to its right. This measure is called the number of inversions in the sequence. The sequence ``AACEDGG'' has only one inversion (E and D)---it is nearly sorted---while the sequence ``ZWQM'' has 6 inversions (it is as unsorted as can be---exactly the reverse of sorted). 
You are responsible for cataloguing a sequence of DNA strings (sequences containing only the four letters A, C, G, and T). However, you want to catalog them, not in alphabetical order, but rather in order of ``sortedness'', from ``most sorted'' to ``least sorted''. All the strings are of the same length. 

Input

The first line contains two integers: a positive integer n (0 < n <= 50) giving the length of the strings; and a positive integer m (0 < m <= 100) giving the number of strings. These are followed by m lines, each containing a string of length n.

Output

Output the list of input strings, arranged from ``most sorted'' to ``least sorted''. Since two strings can be equally sorted, then output them according to the orginal order.
Sample Input

Sample Input

10 6
AACATGAAGG
TTTTGGCCAA
TTTGGCCAAA
GATCAGATTT
CCCGGGGGGA
ATCGATGCAT

Sample Output

CCCGGGGGGA
AACATGAAGG
GATCAGATTT
ATCGATGCAT
TTTTGGCCAA
TTTGGCCAAA

题目大意: 将字符串(DNA序列)按逆序数的顺序排列, 逆序数相同则按照输入顺

序输出。

思路:归并排序的一类用处(求逆序数),先按逆序数大小排序, 逆序数一样的按

照输入顺序排序, 统计逆序数时因为每次比较的数组都是有序的, 所以逆序数用(mid-

i+1)统计(见代码)

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <algorithm>

#define MAX 102

using namespace std;

typedef struct Elem
{
    char tstr[MAX];
    int num;                     //第几个
    int nx;                      //逆序数
}elem;

elem data[MAX];
char str[MAX], temp[MAX];
int cnt = 0;

bool cmp(elem a, elem b)
{
    if(a.nx != b.nx)                   //先按照逆序数排, 然后按输入顺序排
    {
        return a.nx < b.nx;
    }
    else
    {
        return a.num < b.num;
    }
}

void merge(int left, int right)        //归并排序求逆序数
{
    if(left >= right)
    {
        return;
    }
    int mid = (left + right)/2, i, j, k;
    merge(left, mid);                      
    merge(mid+1, right);
    i = left, j = mid+1, k = left;
    while(i <= mid && j <= right)
    {
        if(str[i] <= str[j])
        {
            temp[k++] = str[i++];
        }
        else
        {
            cnt += (mid - i + 1);             //temp[i] > temp[j], 则i~mid 都大于temp[i], 逆序数+=(mid - i + 1), 注意此处+1
            temp[k++] = str[j++];
        }
    }
    while(i <= mid)
    {
        temp[k++] = str[i++];
    }
    while(j <= right)
    {
        temp[k++] = str[j++];
    }
    for(i = left; i <= right; i++)
	{
		str[i] = temp[i];
	}
}

int main()
{
    int len, m, i;
    scanf("%d%d", &len, &m);
    for(i = 0; i < m; i++)
    {
        scanf("%s", data[i].tstr);              //录入数据, 并刷新data数组
        strcpy(str, data[i].tstr);
        cnt = 0;
        merge(0, len-1);
        data[i].num = i;
        data[i].nx = cnt;
//        printf("%d\n", cnt);
    }
    sort(data, data + m, cmp);
    for(i = 0; i < m; i++)
    {
        printf("%s\n", data[i].tstr);           //打印结果
    }
    return 0;
}



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