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springmvc入门--超级简单

标签: springmvc
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1 导入jar包


2 web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
    id="WebApp_ID" version="3.0">
    <display-name>springmvc</display-name>
    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file>
        <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>
    <!--springmvc 入口配置 start -->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <description>加载/WEB-INF/目录下的所有XML作为springmvc-servlet.xml配置文件</description>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>/WEB-INF/springmvc-servlet.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>dispatcher</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
    <!--springmvc 入口配置 end -->
</web-app>


3 springmvc 配置文件 文件名已经在web.xml中指定为【springmvc-servlet.xml】,路径放在【/WEB-INF/springmvc-servlet.xml】

路径截图如下:


代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd 
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/context  
          http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">
	<!--spring 组件扫描配置 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.qxb.mvc" />
	<!-- 配置视图解析器 (该配置的是jstl解析器的一个扩展解析类) -->
	<bean
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
	</bean>
</beans>

 
注意:
<context:component-scan base-package="com.qxb.mvc" />这句话说明是基于注解的,扫描的就是你处理类所在的包我的是com.qxb.mvc


4 index.jsp 和login.jsp

index.jsp代码如下:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>Insert title here</title>
</head>
<body>
<a href="test/123/qxb.do">欢迎进入springmvc的世界</a>
</body>
</html>

login.jsp代码如下:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>welcome</title>
</head>
<body>
${message}
</body>
</html>

5 处理类【基于注解】

package com.qxb.mvc;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;

/**
 * 
 * 登录控制器
 * 
 * @author qxb
 * 
 * @date Feb 1, 2013 9:38:13 AM
 */
@Controller
public class LoginController {
	@RequestMapping(value = "/test/{id}/{name}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
	public String toLogin(@PathVariable String id, @PathVariable String name,
			ModelMap model) {
		System.out.println(id);
		System.out.println(name);
		model.addAttribute("message", "入门成功");
		return "login";
	}
}

6 工程目录截图



7 就涉及index.jsp login.jspweb.xmlspringmvc-servlet.xml LoginController.java


8 jar包下载地址:springmvc jar

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