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初学安卓 尝试写一个数字游戏

标签: 安卓游戏界面
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刚学了一点xml布局、activity的原理,突发奇想想实现一个根据出现数字点击相应数字的游戏。

经过几天的尝试,完成了如下:


最初界面:

  游戏模式选择:

解锁norma模式的不通关卡4 7 后,可分别解锁exceed random模式

难度选择:

解锁下一关后相应图标出现 如左图 2 3

游戏界面(最简单的模式与难度):

high score达到20可以解锁下一关


要实现的内容:

1.activity的切换(切换了大量的activity,现在发现可以使用在一个activity上切换布局)

2.游戏的逻辑,如上图212 如何判断点击正确并让score加1

3.数据的存储,如模式 关卡 的解锁与否,各个关卡的最高分等;

4.退出时如何关闭所有的activity


分别介绍以上4点的实现:

1.activity的跳转使用intent类实现,可根据情况选择要不要finish跳转前的activity,代码如下:

   Intent intent = new Intent();
   intent.setClass(MainActivity.this, AboutActivity.class);
   MainActivity.this.startActivity(intent);

   //MainActivity.this.finish()

2.首先通过random方法随机三个数并在上面显示(同时根据不同数字设置相应颜色),将数字存入string中,玩家按下面的相应数字,将按下的数字按顺序存入一个stringbuff中,比较string与stringbuff中数字顺序即可判断是否得分,关键代码如下:

p1 = Math.abs(random.nextInt())%3+1; //随机产生1-3的数字,当然有三个

a = new StringBuffer();

class b1Liestener implements OnClickListener{


@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
a.append(Integer.toString(b1));
}

}
//将点击的顺序存入stringbuff,同样也有三个   

String x = Integer.toString(p1)+Integer.toString(p2)+Integer.toString(p3);
//将显示顺序存入string x中


if(start&&(a.toString().length()<3||!a.toString().substring(0,3).equals(x)))//判断x a中顺序是否相同,start代表是否开始


3.数据存储是从网上找的方法,自定义一个DatabaseHelper类(注意onCreate方法只在最开始调用一次),弄了好久终于成功建立数据库,代码如下:

package com.example.game02.db;

import com.example.game02.ActivityOne;

import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Context;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper;

public class DatabaseHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {

	private static final int VERSION = 1;
	private static final String DB_NAME = "123db";
	private ContentValues values;
	
	public DatabaseHelper(Context context, String name, CursorFactory factory,
			int version) {
		super(context, name, factory, version);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	public DatabaseHelper(Context context, String name) {
		this(context, name, VERSION);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	public DatabaseHelper(Context context, String name,int version) {
		this(context, name, null, VERSION);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	public DatabaseHelper(Context context) {
		this(context, DB_NAME);
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}

	@Override
	public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		db.execSQL("create table user(id int, score varchar(20))");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(1,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(2,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(3,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(4,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(5,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(6,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(7,'0')");
        
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(8,'0')");//exceed random 最初解锁
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(9,'0')");
        
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(12,'0')");//normal 解锁
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(13,'0')");//exceed 解锁
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(14,'0')");//Random 解锁
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(15,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(16,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(17,'0')");
        
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(21,'0')");//exceed 最高分
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(22,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(23,'0')");
        
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(31,'0')");//random 最高分
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(32,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(33,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(34,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(35,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(36,'0')");
        db.execSQL("insert into user(id,score) values(37,'0')");
	}

	@Override
	public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		
	}

}

4.关闭所有activity的方法也是从网上找的,捣鼓了一下能用了,定义一个MyExit类,创建一个activity的链表,没产生一个activity,就存入其中,退出时一次调用finish方法,就能关闭该程序所有activity,代码如下:

package com.example.game02;

import android.app.Application;
import java.util.LinkedList; 
import java.util.List; 
import android.app.Activity; 

public class MyExit extends Application {

	private List<Activity> activitys = null; 
    private static MyExit exit;
    
    private MyExit() { 
        activitys = new LinkedList<Activity>(); 
    } 
    
    public static MyExit getExit() { 
        if (null == exit) { 
            exit = new MyExit(); 
        } 
        return exit; 
    } 
    
    public void addActivity(Activity activity) { 
        if (activitys != null && activitys.size() > 0) { 
            if(!activitys.contains(activity)){ 
                activitys.add(activity); 
            } 
        }else{ 
            activitys.add(activity); 
        } 
    } 
    
    public void exit() { 
        if (activitys != null && activitys.size() > 0) { 
            for (Activity activity : activitys) { 
                activity.finish(); 
            } 
        } 
        System.exit(0); 
    }
}

下面附上最简单一关的代码(后面的也差不多):


布局:


<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="com.example.game02.ActivityOne" >

	<LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/score11"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FF8C00"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/score"
            android:textSize="15pt" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/score12"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FAFAD2"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/sco"
            android:textSize="15pt" />
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView11"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="3dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="1.5dp"
            android:layout_marginTop="3dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FFFFFF"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/pan1"
            android:textSize="15pt" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView12"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="1.5dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="1.5dp"
            android:layout_marginTop="3dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FFFFFF"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/pan2"
            android:textSize="15pt" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textView13"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="1.5dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="3dp"
            android:layout_marginTop="3dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FFFFFF"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:text="@string/pan3"
            android:textSize="15pt" />
    </LinearLayout>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="4"
        android:orientation="vertical" >

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FFFF00"
            android:orientation="horizontal" >
            <TextView
            android:id="@+id/scoreView1"
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="fill_parent"
            android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="3dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="3dp"
            android:layout_marginTop="3dp"
            android:background="#FFFF00"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:textSize="13pt" />
			
            
        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:background="#FFFFFF"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:orientation="horizontal" >
            <TextView
        		android:layout_width="0dp"
        		android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        		android:layout_weight="1"
        		android:textSize="15pt"
        		android:gravity="center" />
            <Button
                android:id="@+id/check11"
                android:layout_width="0dp"
                android:layout_height="fill_parent"
                android:layout_marginBottom="1.5dp"
                android:layout_marginLeft="3dp"
                android:layout_marginRight="3dp"
                android:layout_marginTop="3dp"
                android:layout_weight="2"
                android:background="#FFC0CB"
                android:gravity="center"
                android:text="@string/on"
                android:textSize="15pt" />
            <TextView
        		android:layout_width="0dp"
        		android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        		android:layout_weight="1"
        		android:textSize="15pt"
        		android:gravity="center" />
          
        </LinearLayout>
        <LinearLayout
            android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:orientation="horizontal" >

            <Button
                android:id="@+id/check12"
                android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                android:layout_height="fill_parent"
                android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
                android:layout_marginLeft="3dp"
                android:layout_marginRight="1.5dp"
                android:layout_marginTop="1.5dp"
                android:layout_weight="2"
                android:background="#7CFC00"
                android:gravity="center"
                android:text="@string/tw"
                android:textSize="15pt" />

            <Button
                android:id="@+id/check13"
                android:layout_width="fill_parent"
                android:layout_height="fill_parent"
                android:layout_marginBottom="3dp"
                android:layout_marginLeft="1.5dp"
                android:layout_marginRight="3dp"
                android:layout_marginTop="1.5dp"
                android:layout_weight="2"
                android:background="#00FFFF"
                android:gravity="center"
                android:text="@string/th"
                android:textSize="15pt" />
          
        </LinearLayout>

    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

java代码:

package com.example.game02;

import java.util.Random;

import com.example.game02.db.DatabaseHelper;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.ContentValues;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class ActivityOne extends Activity {

	private TextView score = null;
	private TextView sco = null;
	private TextView pan1 = null;
	private TextView pan2 = null;
	private TextView pan3 = null;
	private TextView hScore = null;
	private Button on = null;
	private Button tw = null;
	private Button th = null;
	int Score = 0;
	int p1 = 0;
	int p2 = 0;
	int p3 = 0;
	int b1 = 1;
	int b2 = 2;
	int b3 = 3;
	boolean start;
	boolean Run;
	boolean End;
	StringBuffer a = new StringBuffer();
	TimeThread thread;
	int end = 1;
	EndThread eThread;
	SQLiteDatabase db;
	DatabaseHelper dbHelper;
	int high;
	String scoreNow=null;
	Cursor cursor;
	@Override
	protected void onStop() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.onStop();
		db.close();
		cursor.close();
	}
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_activity_one);
		MyExit.getExit().addActivity(this);
		score = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.score11);
		sco = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.score12);
		pan1 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView11);
		pan2 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView12);
		pan3 = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView13);
		hScore = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.scoreView1);
		on = (Button)findViewById(R.id.check11);
		tw = (Button)findViewById(R.id.check12);
		th = (Button)findViewById(R.id.check13);
		on.setOnClickListener(new b1Liestener());
		tw.setOnClickListener(new b2Liestener());
		th.setOnClickListener(new b3Liestener());
		score.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				start = false;
				Run = true;
				End = true;
				a = new StringBuffer();
				score.setOnClickListener(null);
				score.setText("Score:");
				thread = new TimeThread();
				thread.start();
				eThread = new EndThread();
				eThread.start();
			}
		});
		dbHelper = new DatabaseHelper(ActivityOne.this);
		db = dbHelper.getWritableDatabase();
		cursor = db.rawQuery("select score from user where id=?", new String[]{"1"}); 
		while(cursor.moveToNext()){  
            scoreNow = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex("score"));  
        }
		high = Integer.parseInt(scoreNow);
		hScore.setText("High Score: "+String.valueOf(high));
	}
	
	public class TimeThread extends Thread {
		@Override
	    public void run () {
			while(Run) {
				try {
					{if(Score>5)
						Thread.sleep(1550);
					else if(Score>10)
						Thread.sleep(1500);
					else if(Score>20)
						Thread.sleep(1450);
					else if(Score>40)
						Thread.sleep(1400);
					else if(Score>80)
						Thread.sleep(1350);
					else if(Score>100)
						Thread.sleep(1300);
					else if(Score>110)
						Thread.sleep(1250);
					else if(Score>120)
						Thread.sleep(1200);
					else
						Thread.sleep(1600);}
					Message msg = new Message();
					mHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        	}
		        catch (InterruptedException e) {
		                e.printStackTrace();
		        	}
		       } 
		}
	}
	
	public class EndThread extends Thread {
		@Override
	    public void run () {
			while(End) {
				try {
					Thread.sleep(1000/3);
					Message msg = new Message();
					eHandler.sendMessage(msg);
		        	}
		        catch (InterruptedException e) {
		                e.printStackTrace();
		        	}
		       } 
			
		}
	}
	
	private Handler eHandler = new Handler() {
		@Override
		public void handleMessage (Message msg) {
			super.handleMessage(msg);
			if(end==1)
			{
				pan1.setText("3");
				pan2.setText("");
				pan3.setText("");
			}else if(end==2){
				pan1.setText("");
				pan2.setText("2");
				pan3.setText("");
			}else if(end==3){
				pan1.setText("");
				pan2.setText("");
				pan3.setText("1");
			}else{
				pan1.setText("");
				pan2.setText("GO");
				pan3.setText("");
			}	
			end++;
			if(end==4)
			{
				End = false;
			}
			if(!eThread.isAlive())
			{
				end = 1;
			}
		 }
	};
		     
	private Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
		@Override
		public void handleMessage (Message msg) {
			super.handleMessage(msg);
			String x = Integer.toString(p1)+Integer.toString(p2)+Integer.toString(p3);
			if(start&&(a.toString().length()<3||!a.toString().substring(0,3).equals(x)))
			{
				//thread.interrupt();
				Run = false;
				pan1.setText("Game");
				pan2.setText("Over");
				pan3.setText("!!!");
				pan1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF"));
				pan2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF"));
				pan3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFFFFF"));
				if(!thread.isAlive())
				{
					score.setText(R.string.score);
					score.setFocusable(true);
					pan1.setText("");
					pan2.setText("");
					pan3.setText("");
					score.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){
						@Override
						public void onClick(View v) {
							// TODO Auto-generated method stub
							start = false;
							Run = true;
							End = true;
							a = new StringBuffer();
							score.setOnClickListener(null);
							score.setText("Score:");
							thread = new TimeThread();
							thread.start();
							eThread = new EndThread();
							eThread.start();
						}
					});
				}
				if(high<Score)
				{
					high = Score-1;
					ContentValues values2 = new ContentValues();  
	            	values2.put("score",String.valueOf(high));  
	            	db.update("user", values2, "id=?", new String[]{"1"}); 
				}
				Score = 0;
				sco.setText(Integer.toString(Score));
				hScore.setText("High Score: "+String.valueOf(high));
			}
			else
			{
				if(Score==20)
				{
					ContentValues values3 = new ContentValues();  
	            	values3.put("score",String.valueOf(1));  
	            	db.update("user", values3, "id=?", new String[]{"12"});
				}
				sco.setText(Integer.toString(Score));
				Score++;
				Random random = new Random();
				p1 = Math.abs(random.nextInt())%3+1;
				p2 = Math.abs(random.nextInt())%3+1;
				p3 = Math.abs(random.nextInt())%3+1;
				pan1.setText(Integer.toString(p1));
				switch(p1)
				{
					case 1:
						pan1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFC0CB"));
						break;
					case 2:
						pan1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#7CFC00"));
						break;
					case 3:
						pan1.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#00FFFF"));
						break;
				}
				pan2.setText(Integer.toString(p2));
				switch(p2)
				{
					case 1:
						pan2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFC0CB"));
						break;
					case 2:
						pan2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#7CFC00"));
						break;
					case 3:
						pan2.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#00FFFF"));
						break;
				}
				pan3.setText(Integer.toString(p3));
				switch(p3)
				{
					case 1:
						pan3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#FFC0CB"));
						break;
					case 2:
						pan3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#7CFC00"));
						break;
					case 3:
						pan3.setBackgroundColor(Color.parseColor("#00FFFF"));
						break;
				}
			}
			a = new StringBuffer();
			start = true;
			//bo.setText("High Score:"+Integer.toString(heigh));
		 }
	};
	
	class b1Liestener implements OnClickListener{

		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
			a.append(Integer.toString(b1));
		}
		
	}
	
	class b2Liestener implements OnClickListener{

		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			//a = new StringBuffer();
			//a.append(b);
			a.append(Integer.toString(b2));
			//b = a.toString();
			//b = b.concat(Integer.toString(b2));
		}
		
	}
	
	class b3Liestener implements OnClickListener{

		@Override
		public void onClick(View v) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			//a = new StringBuffer();
			//a.append(b);
			a.append(Integer.toString(b3));
			//b = a.toString();
			//b = b.concat(Integer.toString(b3));
		}
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_one, menu);
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
		// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
		// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
		int id = item.getItemId();
		if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
			return true;
		}
		return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
	}
}



下载连接http://download.csdn.net/detail/u012951394/8889415
android java都初学中,想到怎么解决就怎么解决,感觉很多东西写复杂,见谅。


下一步尝试能让玩家自己选择几张图片来显示顺序点击,好像很简单,好像又很难--


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