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Android中Bitmap和Drawable详解

标签: android位图canvasbitmapdrawable
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转自:http://dyh7077063.iteye.com/blog/970672

一、相关概念

1、Drawable就是一个可画的对象,其可能是一张位图(BitmapDrawable),也可能是一个图形(ShapeDrawable),还有可能是一个图层(LayerDrawable),我们根据画图的需求,创建相应的可画对象
2、Canvas画布,绘图的目的区域,用于绘图
3、Bitmap位图,用于图的处理
4、Matrix矩阵

二、Bitmap

1、从资源中获取Bitmap

        Resources res = getResources();
        Bitmap bmp = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, R.drawable.icon);

2、Bitmap → byte[]

    public byte[] Bitmap2Bytes(Bitmap bm) {
        ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        bm.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, 100, baos);
        return baos.toByteArray();
    }

3、byte[] → Bitmap

    public Bitmap Bytes2Bimap(byte[] b) {
        if (b.length != 0) {
            return BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(b, 0, b.length);
        } else {
            return null;
        }
    }

4、Bitmap缩放

    public static Bitmap zoomBitmap(Bitmap bitmap, int width, int height) {
        int w = bitmap.getWidth();
        int h = bitmap.getHeight();
        Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
        float scaleWidth = ((float) width / w);
        float scaleHeight = ((float) height / h);
        matrix.postScale(scaleWidth, scaleHeight);
        Bitmap newbmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmap, 0, 0, w, h, matrix, true);
        return newbmp;
    }

5、将Drawable转化为Bitmap

public static Bitmap drawableToBitmap(Drawable drawable) {
        // 取 drawable 的长宽
        int w = drawable.getIntrinsicWidth();
        int h = drawable.getIntrinsicHeight();

        // 取 drawable 的颜色格式
        Bitmap.Config config = drawable.getOpacity() != PixelFormat.OPAQUE ? Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888
                : Bitmap.Config.RGB_565;
        // 建立对应 bitmap
        Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(w, h, config);
        // 建立对应 bitmap 的画布
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(bitmap);
        drawable.setBounds(0, 0, w, h);
        // 把 drawable 内容画到画布中
        drawable.draw(canvas);
        return bitmap;
    }

6、获得圆角图片 

    public static Bitmap getRoundedCornerBitmap(Bitmap bitmap, float roundPx) {
        int w = bitmap.getWidth();
        int h = bitmap.getHeight();
        Bitmap output = Bitmap.createBitmap(w, h, Config.ARGB_8888);
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(output);
        final int color = 0xff424242;
        final Paint paint = new Paint();
        final Rect rect = new Rect(0, 0, w, h);
        final RectF rectF = new RectF(rect);
        paint.setAntiAlias(true);
        canvas.drawARGB(0, 0, 0, 0);
        paint.setColor(color);
        canvas.drawRoundRect(rectF, roundPx, roundPx, paint);
        paint.setXfermode(new PorterDuffXfermode(Mode.SRC_IN));
        canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, rect, rect, paint);

        return output;
    }

7、获得带倒影的图片

    public static Bitmap createReflectionImageWithOrigin(Bitmap bitmap) {
        final int reflectionGap = 4;
        int w = bitmap.getWidth();
        int h = bitmap.getHeight();

        Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
        matrix.preScale(1, -1);

        Bitmap reflectionImage = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmap, 0, h / 2, w,
                h / 2, matrix, false);

        Bitmap bitmapWithReflection = Bitmap.createBitmap(w, (h + h / 2),
                Config.ARGB_8888);

        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(bitmapWithReflection);
        canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, 0, 0, null);
        Paint deafalutPaint = new Paint();
        canvas.drawRect(0, h, w, h + reflectionGap, deafalutPaint);

        canvas.drawBitmap(reflectionImage, 0, h + reflectionGap, null);

        Paint paint = new Paint();
        LinearGradient shader = new LinearGradient(0, bitmap.getHeight(), 0,
                bitmapWithReflection.getHeight() + reflectionGap, 0x70ffffff,
                0x00ffffff, TileMode.CLAMP);
        paint.setShader(shader);
        // Set the Transfer mode to be porter duff and destination in
        paint.setXfermode(new PorterDuffXfermode(Mode.DST_IN));
        // Draw a rectangle using the paint with our linear gradient
        canvas.drawRect(0, h, w, bitmapWithReflection.getHeight()
                + reflectionGap, paint);

        return bitmapWithReflection;
    }

 三、Drawable

1、Bitmap转换成Drawable

Bitmap bm=xxx; //xxx根据你的情况获取
BitmapDrawable bd= new BitmapDrawable(getResource(), bm); 
因为BtimapDrawable是Drawable的子类,最终直接使用bd对象即可。

2、Drawable缩放

    public static Drawable zoomDrawable(Drawable drawable, int w, int h) {
        int width = drawable.getIntrinsicWidth();
        int height = drawable.getIntrinsicHeight();
        // drawable转换成bitmap
        Bitmap oldbmp = drawableToBitmap(drawable);
        // 创建操作图片用的Matrix对象
        Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
        // 计算缩放比例
        float sx = ((float) w / width);
        float sy = ((float) h / height);
        // 设置缩放比例
        matrix.postScale(sx, sy);
        // 建立新的bitmap,其内容是对原bitmap的缩放后的图
        Bitmap newbmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(oldbmp, 0, 0, width, height,
                matrix, true);
        return new BitmapDrawable(newbmp);
    }


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