关闭

Leetcode161: Repeated DNA Sequences

标签: leetcodealgorithm
122人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

All DNA is composed of a series of nucleotides abbreviated as A, C, G, and T, for example: "ACGAATTCCG". When studying DNA, it is sometimes useful to identify repeated sequences within the DNA.

Write a function to find all the 10-letter-long sequences (substrings) that occur more than once in a DNA molecule.

For example,

Given s = "AAAAACCCCCAAAAACCCCCCAAAAAGGGTTT",

Return:
["AAAAACCCCC", "CCCCCAAAAA"].

用Map的话超内存了,改用bitsmap,因为只有4个字母,所以只要用两位就可以做为一个字母的编码,10个字母就是20位,所以创建一个2^20大小的数组就可以解决问题了。

class Solution {
public:
    int chartoint(char a)
    {
        if(a == 'A') return 0;
        if(a == 'C') return 1;
        if(a == 'G') return 2;
        if(a == 'T') return 3;
    }
    vector<string> findRepeatedDnaSequences(string s) {
        vector<string> res;
        set<string> temp;
        string str;
        if(s.size()<10)
            return res;
        unsigned int val = 0;
        for(int i = 0; i < 9; i++)
        {
            val <<= 2;
            val |= chartoint(s[i]);
        }
        int map[1024*1024] = {0};
        for(int i = 9; i < s.size(); i++)
        {
            val <<= 14;
            val >>= 12;
            val |= chartoint(s[i]);
            map[val]++;
            if(map[val] > 1)
            {
                str = s.substr(i-9, 10);
                temp.insert(str);
            }
        }
        for(set<string>::iterator i = temp.begin(); i != temp.end(); ++i)
        {
            res.push_back(*i);
        }
        return res;
    }
};


0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:67763次
    • 积分:2335
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第16996名
    • 原创:148篇
    • 转载:119篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:4条
    个人主页
    文章分类
    最新评论