使用VMware VSphere WebService SDK进行开发 (七)——获取数据中心、集群、主机、虚拟机的目录结构

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在实际应用中,需要显示出数据中心(Datacenter)、集群(ClusterComputeResource)、主机(HostSystem)、虚拟机(VirtualMachine)之间的目录关系。这里忽略VAPP以及APP。

正所谓无图无真相,先展示一张vSphere Client上的截图,以便形象的描述本文所要呈现的内容。


左边的目录树形象的展示了数据中心(Datacenter)、集群(ClusterComputeResource)、主机(HostSystem)、虚拟机(VirtualMachine)之间的目录关系。但是如何通过vSphere Webservice SDK进行获取相应的信息呢?

首先罗列本文所要展示的几个方法:

1. 根据主机名获取虚拟机的名称列表
public static List<String> getVmNameListByHostName(String hostName) throws Exception
2. 根据集群名获取主机的名称列表
public static List<String> getHostNameListByClusterName(String clusterName) throws Exception
3. 根据集群名获取虚拟机的名称列表
public static List<String> getVmNameListByClusterName(String clusterName) throws Exception
4. 根据数据中心名获取主机名称列表
public static List<String> getHostNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception
5. 根据数据中心名获取虚拟机名称列表
public static List<String> getVmNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception
6. 根据数据中心名称获取集群(ClusterComputeResource)列表
public static List<String> getClusterNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception

首先根据主机名获取虚拟机的名称列表,这个比较简单,因为HostSystem有一个属性就是vm,关系一目了然。


根据主机名称遍历,获取匹配主机名称的记录,根据vm的属性名获取虚拟机的ArrayOfManagedObjectReference对象,然后通过:

List<ManagedObjectReference> vmTempList = ((ArrayOfManagedObjectReference)dp.getVal()).getManagedObjectReference();

获取每一个虚拟机的对象,最后根据虚拟机对象获得相应的名称。

同样,根据集群名获取主机名也是相同的。

下面展示出关键代码(所涉及的调用的方法如果未展示出来,可参考前面6篇同系列的博文,在其中会找到,如果真是本人疏忽遗漏,可在下方评论,我会尽快补上):

	private static List<String> getNameListByName(String paraName, String paraObject, String paraProperty) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		RetrieveResult props = getRetrieveResultObjectWithProperty(paraObject, paraProperty);
		List<ManagedObjectReference> vmList = null;
		
		if (props != null)
		{
			Boolean flag = false;
			if (paraProperty.compareToIgnoreCase("name") < 0)
			{
				for (ObjectContent oc : props.getObjects())
				{
					if (flag == true)
					{
						break;
					}
					List<ManagedObjectReference> vmTempList = null;
					String path = null;
					List<DynamicProperty> dps = oc.getPropSet();

					if (dps != null)
					{
						for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
						{
							path = dp.getName();
							
							if (path.equalsIgnoreCase(paraProperty))
							{
								vmTempList = ((ArrayOfManagedObjectReference)dp.getVal()).getManagedObjectReference();
							}
							if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("name"))
							{
								String value = (String) dp.getVal();
								if (value.equals(paraName))
								{
									flag = true;
									vmList = vmTempList;
									break;
								}
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
			else
			{
				for (ObjectContent oc : props.getObjects())
				{
					if (flag == true)
					{
						break;
					}
					String path = null;
					List<DynamicProperty> dps = oc.getPropSet();

					if (dps != null)
					{
						for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
						{
							path = dp.getName();
							if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("name"))
							{
								String value = (String) dp.getVal();
								if (value.equals(paraName))
								{
									flag = true;
								}
							}
							if (path.equalsIgnoreCase(paraProperty))
							{
								List<ManagedObjectReference> vmTempList = ((ArrayOfManagedObjectReference)dp.getVal()).getManagedObjectReference();
								if (flag == true)
								{
									vmList = vmTempList;
									break;
								}
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		
		if(vmList != null)
		{
			for(ManagedObjectReference mor:vmList)
			{
				String objectName = getObjectName(mor);
				if(objectName != null)
				{
					list.add(objectName);
				}
			}
		}
		
		return list;
	}
	
	public static List<String> getVmNameListByHostName(String hostName) throws Exception
	{
		return getNameListByName(hostName,"HostSystem","vm");
	}
	
	public static List<String> getHostNameListByClusterName(String clusterName) throws Exception
	{
		return getNameListByName(clusterName,"ComputeResource","host");
	}

在集群(ComputeResource)中没有像在HostSystem中有类似vm的虚拟机属性,但是我们可以根据集群获得主机,主机获得虚拟机的方式,获得一个虚拟机的列表,代码如下:

	public static List<String> getVmNameListByClusterName(String clusterName) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> ansList = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		List<String> hostList = getNameListByName(clusterName,"ComputeResource","host");
		if(hostList != null)
		{
			for(String hostName : hostList)
			{
				List<String> vmList = null;
				if(hostName != null)
				{
					vmList = getVmNameListByHostName(hostName);
				}
				if(vmList != null)
				{
					for(String vmName : vmList)
					{
						if(vmName != null)
						{
							ansList.add(vmName);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}

		return ansList;
	}

接下去,通过数据中心(Datacenter)获取集群、主机、虚拟机的列表就比较绕了。首先看一下Datacenter的api:


我们可以发现其中有hostFolder,vmFolder的属性,hostFolder对应的是集群和主机,而vmFolder对应的是虚拟机,所以这里我们可以先通过数据中心的名称获取其对应的hostFolder以及vmFolder的对象,然后通过遍历这些对象多去相应的关键属性。对于如何遍历对象,相信看过我前面几篇博文的朋友应该了解了,关键理解这幅图:


好了,直接上代码,希望各位朋友能够很快理解。

	private static TraversalSpec getHostFolderTraversalSpec()
	{
		SelectionSpec ss = new SelectionSpec();
		ss.setName("VisitFolders");

		TraversalSpec computeResourceToHostSystem = new TraversalSpec();
		computeResourceToHostSystem.setName("computeResourceToHostSystem");
		computeResourceToHostSystem.setType("ComputeResource");
		computeResourceToHostSystem.setPath("host");
		computeResourceToHostSystem.setSkip(false);
		computeResourceToHostSystem.getSelectSet().add(ss);

		TraversalSpec hostFolderToComputeResource = new TraversalSpec();
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setName("hostFolderToComputeResource");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setType("Folder");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setPath("childEntity");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setSkip(false);
		hostFolderToComputeResource.getSelectSet().add(ss);

		TraversalSpec traversalSpec = new TraversalSpec();
		traversalSpec.setName("VisitFolders");
		traversalSpec.setType("Folder");
		traversalSpec.setPath("childEntity");
		traversalSpec.setSkip(false);

		List<SelectionSpec> sSpecArr = new ArrayList<SelectionSpec>();
		sSpecArr.add(ss);
		sSpecArr.add(hostFolderToComputeResource);
		sSpecArr.add(computeResourceToHostSystem);
		traversalSpec.getSelectSet().addAll(sSpecArr);
		
		return traversalSpec;
	}
	
	private static TraversalSpec getHostFolderOfComputeResourceTraversalSpec()
	{
		SelectionSpec ss = new SelectionSpec();
		ss.setName("VisitFolders");

		TraversalSpec hostFolderToComputeResource = new TraversalSpec();
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setName("hostFolderToComputeResource");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setType("Folder");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setPath("childEntity");
		hostFolderToComputeResource.setSkip(false);
		hostFolderToComputeResource.getSelectSet().add(ss);

		TraversalSpec traversalSpec = new TraversalSpec();
		traversalSpec.setName("VisitFolders");
		traversalSpec.setType("Folder");
		traversalSpec.setPath("childEntity");
		traversalSpec.setSkip(false);

		List<SelectionSpec> sSpecArr = new ArrayList<SelectionSpec>();
		sSpecArr.add(ss);
		sSpecArr.add(hostFolderToComputeResource);
		traversalSpec.getSelectSet().addAll(sSpecArr);
		
		return traversalSpec;
	}
	
	private static TraversalSpec getVmFolderTraversalSpec()
	{
		TraversalSpec vAppToVM = new TraversalSpec();
		vAppToVM.setName("vAppToVM");
		vAppToVM.setType("VirtualApp");
		vAppToVM.setPath("vm");

		TraversalSpec vAppToVApp = new TraversalSpec();
		vAppToVApp.setName("vAppToVApp");
		vAppToVApp.setType("VirtualApp");
		vAppToVApp.setPath("resourcePool");

		SelectionSpec vAppRecursion = new SelectionSpec();
		vAppRecursion.setName("vAppToVApp");
		SelectionSpec vmInVApp = new SelectionSpec();
		vmInVApp.setName("vAppToVM");
		List<SelectionSpec> vAppToVMSS = new ArrayList<SelectionSpec>();
		vAppToVMSS.add(vAppRecursion);
		vAppToVMSS.add(vmInVApp);
		vAppToVApp.getSelectSet().addAll(vAppToVMSS);

		SelectionSpec sSpec = new SelectionSpec();
		sSpec.setName("VisitFolders");

		TraversalSpec traversalSpec = new TraversalSpec();
		traversalSpec.setName("VisitFolders");
		traversalSpec.setType("Folder");
		traversalSpec.setPath("childEntity");
		traversalSpec.setSkip(false);
		List<SelectionSpec> sSpecArr = new ArrayList<SelectionSpec>();
		sSpecArr.add(sSpec);
		sSpecArr.add(vAppToVM);
		sSpecArr.add(vAppToVApp);
		traversalSpec.getSelectSet().addAll(sSpecArr);
		return traversalSpec;
	}
	
	private static ManagedObjectReference getHostFolderObjectByDcName(String dcName) throws Exception
	{
		ManagedObjectReference hostFolder  = null;
		RetrieveResult props = getRetrieveResultObjectWithProperty("Datacenter", "hostFolder");
		if(props != null)
		{
			Boolean flag = false;
			for (ObjectContent oc : props.getObjects())
			{
				if (flag == true)
				{
					break;
				}
				String path = null;
				List<DynamicProperty> dps = oc.getPropSet();
				ManagedObjectReference mor = null;
				if (dps != null)
				{
					for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
					{
						path = dp.getName();
						if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("hostFolder"))
						{
							mor = (ManagedObjectReference)dp.getVal();
						}
						if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("name"))
						{
							String value = (String) dp.getVal();
							if (value.equals(dcName))
							{
								flag = true;
								hostFolder = mor;
								break;
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		return hostFolder;
	}
	
	private static ManagedObjectReference getVmFolderObjectByDcName(String dcName) throws Exception
	{
		ManagedObjectReference vmFolder = null;
		RetrieveResult props = getRetrieveResultObjectWithProperty("Datacenter", "vmFolder");
		if(props != null)
		{
			Boolean flag = false;
			for (ObjectContent oc : props.getObjects())
			{
				if (flag == true)
				{
					break;
				}
				String path = null;
				List<DynamicProperty> dps = oc.getPropSet();
				ManagedObjectReference mor = null;
				if (dps != null)
				{
					for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
					{
						path = dp.getName();
						if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("name"))
						{
							String value = (String) dp.getVal();
							if (value.equals(dcName))
							{
								flag = true;
							}
						}
						if (path.equalsIgnoreCase("vmFolder"))
						{
							mor = (ManagedObjectReference)dp.getVal();
							if(flag == true)
							{
								vmFolder = mor;
								break;
							}
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		return vmFolder;
	}
	
	private static List<String> getHostNamesByHostFolder(ManagedObjectReference hostFolder) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		TraversalSpec tSpec = getHostFolderTraversalSpec();
		PropertySpec propertySpec = new PropertySpec();
		propertySpec.setAll(Boolean.FALSE);
		propertySpec.getPathSet().add("name");
		propertySpec.setType("HostSystem");
		
		ObjectSpec objectSpec = new ObjectSpec();
		objectSpec.setObj(hostFolder);
		objectSpec.setSkip(Boolean.TRUE);
		objectSpec.getSelectSet().add(tSpec);

		PropertyFilterSpec propertyFilterSpec = new PropertyFilterSpec();
		propertyFilterSpec.getPropSet().add(propertySpec);
		propertyFilterSpec.getObjectSet().add(objectSpec);
		
		List<PropertyFilterSpec> listpfs = new ArrayList<PropertyFilterSpec>(1);
		listpfs.add(propertyFilterSpec);
		List<ObjectContent> listobjcont = retrievePropertiesAllObjects(listpfs);

		if (listobjcont != null)
		{
			for (ObjectContent oc : listobjcont)
			{
				String hostnm = null;
				List<DynamicProperty> listDynamicProps = oc.getPropSet();
				DynamicProperty[] dps = listDynamicProps.toArray(new DynamicProperty[listDynamicProps.size()]);
				if (dps != null)
				{
					for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
					{
						hostnm = (String) dp.getVal();
						if (hostnm != null)
						{
							list.add(hostnm);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		
		return list;
	}
	
	private static List<String> getClusterNamesByHostFolder(ManagedObjectReference hostFolder) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		TraversalSpec tSpec = getHostFolderOfComputeResourceTraversalSpec();
		PropertySpec propertySpec = new PropertySpec();
		propertySpec.setAll(Boolean.FALSE);
		propertySpec.getPathSet().add("name");
		propertySpec.setType("ClusterComputeResource");
		
		ObjectSpec objectSpec = new ObjectSpec();
		objectSpec.setObj(hostFolder);
		objectSpec.setSkip(Boolean.TRUE);
		objectSpec.getSelectSet().add(tSpec);

		PropertyFilterSpec propertyFilterSpec = new PropertyFilterSpec();
		propertyFilterSpec.getPropSet().add(propertySpec);
		propertyFilterSpec.getObjectSet().add(objectSpec);
		
		List<PropertyFilterSpec> listpfs = new ArrayList<PropertyFilterSpec>(1);
		listpfs.add(propertyFilterSpec);
		List<ObjectContent> listobjcont = retrievePropertiesAllObjects(listpfs);

		if (listobjcont != null)
		{
			for (ObjectContent oc : listobjcont)
			{
				String hostnm = null;
				List<DynamicProperty> listDynamicProps = oc.getPropSet();
				DynamicProperty[] dps = listDynamicProps.toArray(new DynamicProperty[listDynamicProps.size()]);
				if (dps != null)
				{
					for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
					{
						hostnm = (String) dp.getVal();
						if (hostnm != null)
						{
							list.add(hostnm);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		
		return list;
	}
	
	private static List<String> getVmNamesByVmFolder(ManagedObjectReference vmFolder) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
		
		TraversalSpec tSpec = getVmFolderTraversalSpec();
		PropertySpec propertySpec = new PropertySpec();
		propertySpec.setAll(Boolean.FALSE);
		propertySpec.getPathSet().add("name");
		propertySpec.setType("VirtualMachine");
		
		ObjectSpec objectSpec = new ObjectSpec();
		objectSpec.setObj(vmFolder);
		objectSpec.setSkip(Boolean.TRUE);
		objectSpec.getSelectSet().add(tSpec);

		PropertyFilterSpec propertyFilterSpec = new PropertyFilterSpec();
		propertyFilterSpec.getPropSet().add(propertySpec);
		propertyFilterSpec.getObjectSet().add(objectSpec);
		
		List<PropertyFilterSpec> listpfs = new ArrayList<PropertyFilterSpec>(1);
		listpfs.add(propertyFilterSpec);
		List<ObjectContent> listobjcont = retrievePropertiesAllObjects(listpfs);

		if (listobjcont != null)
		{
			for (ObjectContent oc : listobjcont)
			{
				String vmName = null;
				List<DynamicProperty> listDynamicProps = oc.getPropSet();
				DynamicProperty[] dps = listDynamicProps.toArray(new DynamicProperty[listDynamicProps.size()]);
				if (dps != null)
				{
					for (DynamicProperty dp : dps)
					{
						vmName = (String) dp.getVal();
						if (vmName != null)
						{
							list.add(vmName);
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
		
		return list;
	}
	
	public static List<String> getHostNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception
	{
		ManagedObjectReference hostFolder = getHostFolderObjectByDcName(dcName);
		List<String> list = null;
		if(hostFolder != null)
		{
			list = getHostNamesByHostFolder(hostFolder);			
		}
		return list;
	}
	
	public static List<String> getVmNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception
	{
		List<String> list = null;
		ManagedObjectReference vmFolder = getVmFolderObjectByDcName(dcName);
		if(vmFolder != null)
		{
			list = getVmNamesByVmFolder(vmFolder);			
		}
		
		return list;
	}
	
	public static List<String> getClusterNameListByDCName(String dcName) throws Exception
	{
		ManagedObjectReference hostFolder = getHostFolderObjectByDcName(dcName);
		List<String> list = null;
		if(hostFolder != null)
		{
			list = getClusterNamesByHostFolder(hostFolder);			
		}
		return list;
	}

最后三个以public static修饰的方法就是通过数据中心的名称获取集群、主机、虚拟机的名称列表的方法。

如有疑问,欢迎提出。本文展示的代码都经过真实环境运行并投入使用中。

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