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mapreduce web日志预处理

标签: mapreduce
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需求:
对web访问日志中的各字段识别切分
去除日志中不合法的记录
根据KPI统计需求,生成各类访问请求过滤数据

2、实现代码:
a) 定义一个bean,用来记录日志数据中的各数据字段
public class WebLogBean {

private String remote_addr;// 记录客户端的ip地址
private String remote_user;// 记录客户端用户名称,忽略属性"-"
private String time_local;// 记录访问时间与时区
private String request;// 记录请求的url与http协议
private String status;// 记录请求状态;成功是200
private String body_bytes_sent;// 记录发送给客户端文件主体内容大小
private String http_referer;// 用来记录从那个页面链接访问过来的
private String http_user_agent;// 记录客户浏览器的相关信息

private boolean valid = true;// 判断数据是否合法



public String getRemote_addr() {
    return remote_addr;
}

public void setRemote_addr(String remote_addr) {
    this.remote_addr = remote_addr;
}

public String getRemote_user() {
    return remote_user;
}

public void setRemote_user(String remote_user) {
    this.remote_user = remote_user;
}

public String getTime_local() {
    return time_local;
}

public void setTime_local(String time_local) {
    this.time_local = time_local;
}

public String getRequest() {
    return request;
}

public void setRequest(String request) {
    this.request = request;
}

public String getStatus() {
    return status;
}

public void setStatus(String status) {
    this.status = status;
}

public String getBody_bytes_sent() {
    return body_bytes_sent;
}

public void setBody_bytes_sent(String body_bytes_sent) {
    this.body_bytes_sent = body_bytes_sent;
}

public String getHttp_referer() {
    return http_referer;
}

public void setHttp_referer(String http_referer) {
    this.http_referer = http_referer;
}

public String getHttp_user_agent() {
    return http_user_agent;
}

public void setHttp_user_agent(String http_user_agent) {
    this.http_user_agent = http_user_agent;
}

public boolean isValid() {
    return valid;
}

public void setValid(boolean valid) {
    this.valid = valid;
}


@Override
public String toString() {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    sb.append(this.valid);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.remote_addr);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.remote_user);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.time_local);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.request);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.status);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.body_bytes_sent);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.http_referer);
    sb.append("\001").append(this.http_user_agent);
    return sb.toString();

}
}

b)定义一个parser用来解析过滤web访问日志原始记录
public class WebLogParser {
public static WebLogBean parser(String line) {
WebLogBean webLogBean = new WebLogBean();
String[] arr = line.split(” “);
if (arr.length > 11) {
webLogBean.setRemote_addr(arr[0]);
webLogBean.setRemote_user(arr[1]);
webLogBean.setTime_local(arr[3].substring(1));
webLogBean.setRequest(arr[6]);
webLogBean.setStatus(arr[8]);
webLogBean.setBody_bytes_sent(arr[9]);
webLogBean.setHttp_referer(arr[10]);

        if (arr.length > 12) {
            webLogBean.setHttp_user_agent(arr[11] + " " + arr[12]);
        } else {
            webLogBean.setHttp_user_agent(arr[11]);
        }
        if (Integer.parseInt(webLogBean.getStatus()) >= 400) {// 大于400,HTTP错误
            webLogBean.setValid(false);
        }
    } else {
        webLogBean.setValid(false);
    }
    return webLogBean;
}

public static String parserTime(String time) {

    time.replace("/", "-");
    return time;

}

}

c) mapreduce程序
public class WeblogPreProcess {

static class WeblogPreProcessMapper extends Mapper<LongWritable, Text, Text, NullWritable> {
    Text k = new Text();
    NullWritable v = NullWritable.get();

    @Override
    protected void map(LongWritable key, Text value, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException {

        String line = value.toString();
        WebLogBean webLogBean = WebLogParser.parser(line);
        if (!webLogBean.isValid())
            return;
        k.set(webLogBean.toString());
        context.write(k, v);

    }

}

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

    Configuration conf = new Configuration();
    Job job = Job.getInstance(conf);

    job.setJarByClass(WeblogPreProcess.class);

    job.setMapperClass(WeblogPreProcessMapper.class);

    job.setOutputKeyClass(Text.class);
    job.setOutputValueClass(NullWritable.class);

    FileInputFormat.setInputPaths(job, new Path(args[0]));
    FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(args[1]));

    job.waitForCompletion(true);

}

}

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