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[一类子树修改的LCT] Tsin 1506 Missing On The Tree

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调了我一晚上

想法很好:http://ezreal-dn.com/archives/124

但是因为我作死 实现细节按照自己的习惯搞搞搞 结果WA到爆炸

总算是调出来了


#include<cstdio>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;

inline char nc(){
	static char buf[100000],*p1=buf,*p2=buf;
	if (p1==p2) { p2=(p1=buf)+fread(buf,1,100000,stdin); if (p1==p2) return EOF; }
	return *p1++;
}

inline void read(int &x){
	char c=nc(),b=1;
	for (;!(c>='0' && c<='9');c=nc()) if (c=='-') b=-1;
	for (x=0;c>='0' && c<='9';x=x*10+c-'0',c=nc()); x*=b;
}

const int N=50005;

struct Splay{
	struct node{
		node *ch[2],*p,*fat; int idx;
		int size,Max,Sum;
		int w,add;
		int tree,chadd;
		bool dir() { return p->ch[1]==this; }
		void setc(node *x,int d) { ch[d]=x; x->p=this; }
		void update() {
			size=ch[0]->size+ch[1]->size+1;
			Max=max(max(ch[0]->Max,ch[1]->Max),w);
			Sum=ch[0]->Sum+ch[1]->Sum+w;
		}
		void Mark(int v){
			w+=v; Max+=v; Sum+=size*v; add+=v;
		}
		void CMark(int v){
			tree+=v; chadd+=v;
		}
		void pushdown(node *null){
			if (add){
				if (ch[0]!=null) ch[0]->Mark(add);
				if (ch[1]!=null) ch[1]->Mark(add);
				add=0;
			}
			if (chadd){
				if (ch[0]!=null) ch[0]->CMark(chadd);
				if (ch[1]!=null) ch[1]->CMark(chadd);
				chadd=0;
			}
		}
	}Mem[N],*null;
	Splay(){ null=Mem; null->p=null->ch[0]=null->ch[1]=null->fat=null; null->size=0; null->Max=-1<<30; null->Sum=0; }
	inline void rot(node *x){
		if (x==null || x->p==null) return; 
		bool d=x->dir(); node *p=x->p;
		if (p->p!=null) p->p->setc(x,p->dir()); else x->p=null;
		p->setc(x->ch[d^1],d); x->setc(p,d^1); p->update(); x->update(); swap(x->fat,p->fat);
	}
	node *sta[N];
	void splay(node *x){
		int pnt=0; node *y=x;
		while (y!=null) sta[++pnt]=y,y=y->p;
		for (int i=pnt;i;i--) sta[i]->pushdown(null);
		while (x->p!=null)
			if (x->p->p==null)
				rot(x);
			else
				x->dir()==x->p->dir()?(rot(x->p),rot(x)):(rot(x),rot(x));
	}
	node* Access(node *x){
		node *y=null;
		while (x!=null){
			splay(x);	
        	if (x->ch[1]!=null) x->ch[1]->Mark(-x->tree),x->ch[1]->CMark(-x->tree);
        	if (y!=null) y->Mark(x->tree),y->CMark(x->tree);
			x->ch[1]->p=null; x->ch[1]->fat=x;
			x->setc(y,1); y->fat=null;
			x->update();
			y=x; x=x->fat;
		}
		return y;
	}
	void Cut(node *x){
		Access(x); splay(x);
		x->ch[0]->p=null; x->ch[0]=null;
		x->update();
	}
	void Link(node *x,node *y){
		Access(y); 
		splay(y);
		y->fat=x;
		Access(x);
		splay(x);
		if (x->tree) y->CMark(-x->tree);
    	if (x->tree) y->Mark(-x->tree);
		Access(y); 
	}
	node *LCA(node *x,node *y){
		Access(x);	
		return Access(y);
	}
	void Maintain(node *x,int v){
		Access(x); splay(x);
		x->w+=v; x->tree+=v;
		x->update();
	}
	void Add(node *x,int y){
		Access(x); splay(x);
		x->w+=y; x->update();
	}
	void Change(node *x,node *y,node *z,node *lca,int v){
		if (lca==x){
			Access(y); if (z) Access(z);
			splay(y); y->Mark(v); return;
		}
		if (lca==y){
			Access(x); if (z) Access(z);
			splay(x); x->Mark(v); return;
		}
		Access(x); Access(y); if (z) Access(z);
		splay(y); y->Mark(v);
		splay(x); x->Mark(v);
	}
	int QSum(node *x,node *y,node *z,node *lca){
		if (lca==x){
			Access(y); if (z) Access(z); 
			splay(y);
			int tmp=0; if (y->fat!=null) splay(y->fat),tmp=y->fat->tree;
			return y->Sum+tmp*y->size;
		}
		if (lca==y){
			Access(x); if (z) Access(z);
			splay(x);
			int tmp=0; if (x->fat!=null) splay(x->fat),tmp=x->fat->tree;
			return x->Sum+tmp*x->size;
		}
		Access(x); Access(y);  if (z) Access(z);
		splay(y);
		int tmp=0; if (y->fat!=null) splay(y->fat),tmp=y->fat->tree;
		splay(x); splay(x->fat);
		return x->Sum+(tmp+x->fat->tree)*x->size+x->fat->Sum+tmp*x->fat->size;
	}
	int QMax(node *x,node *y,node *z,node *lca){
		if (lca==x){
			Access(y); if (z) Access(z);
			splay(y);
			int tmp=0; if (y->fat!=null) splay(y->fat),tmp=y->fat->tree;
			return y->Max+tmp;
		}
		if (lca==y){
			Access(x); if (z) Access(z);
			splay(x);
			int tmp=0; if (x->fat!=null) splay(x->fat),tmp=x->fat->tree;
			return x->Max+tmp;
		}
		Access(x); Access(y);  if (z) Access(z);
		splay(y);
		int tmp=0; if (y->fat!=null) splay(y->fat),tmp=y->fat->tree;
		splay(x); splay(x->fat);
		return max(x->Max+x->fat->tree,x->fat->Max)+tmp;
	}
}LCT;

int n; int f[N];
Splay::node *pos[N];

inline void Pre(){
	for (int i=1;i<=n;i++){
		pos[i]=LCT.Mem+i;
		pos[i]->fat=pos[i]->p=pos[i]->ch[0]=pos[i]->ch[1]=LCT.null;
		pos[i]->tree=pos[i]->chadd=pos[i]->Sum=pos[i]->Max=pos[i]->w=pos[i]->add=0;
		pos[i]->size=1; pos[i]->idx=i;
	}
}

int main(){
	int ix,iy,iz,Q; int order;
	freopen("t.in","r",stdin);
	freopen("t.out","w",stdout);
	read(n);
	Pre();
	for (int i=2;i<=n;i++)
		read(ix),LCT.Link(pos[ix],pos[i]),f[i]=ix;
	read(Q);
	while (Q--){
		read(order);
		read(ix); read(iy);
		if (order==0){
			LCT.Add(pos[ix],iy);
		}else if (order==1){
			read(iz);
			Splay::node *lca=LCT.LCA(pos[ix],pos[iy]);
			int flca=f[lca->idx];
			LCT.Change(pos[ix],pos[iy],pos[flca],lca,iz);
		}else if (order==2){
			LCT.Maintain(pos[ix],iy);
		}else if (order==3){
			Splay::node *lca=LCT.LCA(pos[ix],pos[iy]);
			int flca=f[lca->idx];
			printf("%d\n",LCT.QSum(pos[ix],pos[iy],pos[flca],lca));
		}else if (order==4){
			Splay::node *lca=LCT.LCA(pos[ix],pos[iy]);
			int flca=f[lca->idx];
			printf("%d\n",LCT.QMax(pos[ix],pos[iy],pos[flca],lca));
		}else if (order==5){
			Splay::node *lca=LCT.LCA(pos[ix],pos[iy]);
			if (lca==pos[ix]) continue;
			LCT.Cut(pos[ix]);
			LCT.Link(pos[iy],pos[ix]);
			f[ix]=iy;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}


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