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20150708 lintcode 总结 Binary Tree Maximum Path Sum Show result *****

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Medium Binary Tree Maximum Path Sum

23%
Accepted

Given a binary tree, find the maximum path sum. The path may start and end at any node in the tree.

Example: Given the below binary tree:

  1
 / \
2   3

return 6.

虽然是中等题,卡了好久好久好久好久


/**
 * Definition of TreeNode:
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     public int val;
 *     public TreeNode left, right;
 *     public TreeNode(int val) {
 *         this.val = val;
 *         this.left = this.right = null;
 *     }
 * }
 */
public class Solution {
	
	private class ResType{
		private int singlePath, maxPath;	
		public ResType(int singlePath, int maxPath){
			this.singlePath = singlePath;
			this.maxPath = maxPath;
		}
	};
  	
	private ResType helper(TreeNode root){
		if(root == null){
			return new ResType(0, Integer.MIN_VALUE);
		}
		// divide
		ResType left = helper(root.left);
		ResType right = helper(root.right);
		//conquer
		int singlePath = Math.max(left.singlePath, right.singlePath)+root.val;
		singlePath = Math.max(singlePath, 0);         //very important !!!
		
		int maxPath = Math.max(left.maxPath, right.maxPath);
		maxPath = Math.max(maxPath, left.singlePath+right.singlePath+root.val);
		
		return new ResType(singlePath, maxPath);
	}
	
	
	  /**
     * @param root: The root of binary tree.
     * @return: An integer.
     */
    public int maxPathSum(TreeNode root) {
        // write your code here
     	ResType res = helper(root);
     	return res.maxPath;
    }
}


定义两个值 singlePath 和 maxPath:

1. singlePath是从root到左子树或右子树任一node的 最大path sum, 如果singlePath是负数, 就强制设其为0,等于parent计算时不再考虑此root为根的tree的singlePath。

2. maxPath是root 树中最大的 path sum,可以不经过 root。

把这两个值放在一个返回类型类ResType内。

最大的 path sum 有两种情况:

1.  经过 root: left.singlePath + root.val + right.singlePath

2. 不经过 root:  Math.max(left.maxPath, right.maxPath); 


比较麻烦的是每个node 的val可以是负数, 当 root == null 时, singlePath =0 , maxPath = Integer.MIN_VALUE




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