acm pku 1068 Parencodings的实现

Parencodings

Description

Let S = s1 s2...s2n be a well-formed string of parentheses. S can be encoded in two different ways:
q By an integer sequence P = p1 p2...pn where pi is the number of left parentheses before the ith right parenthesis in S (P-sequence).
q By an integer sequence W = w1 w2...wn where for each right parenthesis, say a in S, we associate an integer which is the number of right parentheses counting from the matched left parenthesis of a up to a. (W-sequence).

Following is an example of the above encodings:

         S              (((()()())))
         P-sequence         4 5 6666
         W-sequence         1 1 1456


Write a program to convert P-sequence of a well-formed string to the W-sequence of the same string.

Input

The first line of the input contains a single integer t (1 <= t <= 10), the number of test cases, followed by the input data for each test case. The first line of each test case is an integer n (1 <= n <= 20), and the second line is the P-sequence of a well-formed string. It contains n positive integers, separated with blanks, representing the P-sequence.

Output

The output file consists of exactly t lines corresponding to test cases. For each test case, the output line should contain n integers describing the W-sequence of the string corresponding to its given P-sequence.

Sample Input

2
6
4 5 6 6 6 6
9
4 6 6 6 6 8 9 9 9

Sample Output

1 1 1 4 5 6
1 1 2 4 5 1 1 3 9

Source

Tehran 2001

这是一道极为容易的题目，基本原理：根据P排序还原括号字符串S，然后根据W的命名规则查找每一个右括号所对应的编号。仅仅需要简单的往前回溯即可：假设第i个字符是右括号，则用变量par=1记下当前的右括号数，在往前回溯的过程中，记录下左括号的个数（leftpar），当par0(此时，左右括号匹配好了)，跳出回溯。此时leftpar为当前右括号的W编号。具体实现如下：

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main()

{

char S[20];

int P[20], W[20], t, n;

int i, tmp, index, par, leftpar;

cin >> t;

while(t --)

{

cin >> n;

tmp = 0;

index = 0;

for(i = 0; i < n; i ++)

{

cin >> P[i];

if(index < P[i])

{

while(index < P[i])

{

S[tmp++] = '(';

index ++;

}

}

S[tmp ++] = ')';

}

index = 0;

for(i = 0; i < 2*n; i ++)

{

if(S[i] == ')')

{

tmp = i-1;

par = 1;

leftpar = 0;

while(par)

{

if(S[tmp] == ')')

{

par ++;

}

else

{

leftpar ++;

par --;

}

tmp-- ;

}

W[index ++] = leftpar;

}

}

for(i = 0; i < n; i ++)

{

cout << W[i] << " ";

}

cout<<endl;

}

return 0;

}

 Problem: User: Memory: 208K Time: 0MS Language: C++ Result: Accepted

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