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Metro

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http://acm.timus.ru/problem.aspx?space=1&num=1119


Many of SKB Kontur programmers like to get to work by Metro because the main office is situated quite close the station Uralmash. So, since a sedentary life requires active exercises off-duty, many of the staff — Nikifor among them — walk from their homes to Metro stations on foot.
Problem illustration
Nikifor lives in a part of our city where streets form a grid of residential quarters. All the quarters are squares with side 100 meters. A Metro entrance is situated at one of the crossroads. Nikifor starts his way from another crossroad which is south and west of the Metro entrance. Naturally, Nikifor, starting from his home, walks along the streets leading either to the north or to the east. On his way he may cross some quarters diagonally from their south-western corners to the north-eastern ones. Thus, some of the routes are shorter than others. Nikifor wonders, how long is the shortest route.
You are to write a program that will calculate the length of the shortest route from the south-western corner of the grid to the north-eastern one.

题意:从左下角到右上角的最短路径长,地图上可以向上向右,有斜线的地方可以沿着斜线方向走。
分析:简单dp,从终点开始,最优解为左边一点+1,下边一点+1,左下一点+根号2(如果有边)的最小值。把最左边和最下边的点初始化一下比较方便。

题解:
#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <queue>
#include <stack>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include <cstring>
#include <functional>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

bool path[1010][1010];
double dp[1010][1010];
int main()
{
	//freopen("in.txt", "r", stdin);
	int m, n;
	while (~scanf("%d %d",&n,&m))
	{
		memset(path, 0, sizeof(path));
		int k, x, y;
		scanf("%d", &k);
		for (int i = 0; i < k; i++)
		{
			scanf("%d %d", &x, &y);
			path[x][y] = true;
		}
		dp[0][0] = 0;
		for (int i = 1; i < n + 1; i++)
			dp[i][0] = dp[i - 1][0] + 1;
		for (int i = 1; i < m + 1; i++)
			dp[0][i] = dp[0][i-1] + 1;
		for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
			for (int j = 1; j <= m;j++)
			{
				if (path[i][j]==true)
				{
					dp[i][j] = min(dp[i - 1][j] + 1, min(dp[i][j - 1] + 1, dp[i - 1][j - 1] + sqrt(2.0f)));
				}
				else
					dp[i][j] = min(dp[i - 1][j] + 1, dp[i][j - 1] + 1);
			}
		printf("%.f", dp[n][m] * 100);

	}
	return 0;
}


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