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More Cowbell

标签: 贪心优先队列
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链接:http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/604/B

题目:

Kevin Sun wants to move his precious collection of n cowbells from Naperthrill to Exeter, where there is actually grass instead of corn. Before moving, he must pack his cowbells into k boxes of a fixed size. In order to keep his collection safe during transportation, he won't place more than two cowbells into a single box. Since Kevin wishes to minimize expenses, he is curious about the smallest size box he can use to pack his entire collection.

Kevin is a meticulous cowbell collector and knows that the size of his i-th (1 ≤ i ≤ n) cowbell is an integer si. In fact, he keeps his cowbells sorted by size, so si - 1 ≤ si for any i > 1. Also an expert packer, Kevin can fit one or two cowbells into a box of size s if and only if the sum of their sizes does not exceed s. Given this information, help Kevin determine the smallest s for which it is possible to put all of his cowbells into k boxes of size s.


题意:

有k个盒子,n个物品,数据保证k《n;2k《n,每个盒子里可以放1或2个物品,最后所有箱子用统一的大小。求最小的箱子大小。


分析:利用优先队列的性质贪心。现在优先队列(大根堆)里填上k个0代表k个盒子。之后n此操作,每次取出一个盒子,如果是空的放入一个物品,标记最大值,如果不空再加入一个没放的最小的,记录最大值。最后结果即为最大值。

题解:
#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <algorithm>
#include <queue>
#include <stack>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <cstring>
#include <functional>
#include <cmath>
#include <cctype>
#include <cfloat>
#include <climits>
#include <complex>
#include <deque>
#include <list>
#include <set>
#include <utility>
using namespace std;

int s[100010];
priority_queue<int,vector<int>,greater<int> > pq;

int main()
{
	//freopen("in.txt","r",stdin);
	int n,k;
	scanf("%d %d",&n,&k);
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++){
		scanf("%d",s+i);
	}
	int temp;
	int ans=0;
	for(int i=0;i<k;i++)
		pq.push(0);
	for(int i=n;i>0;i--){
		temp=pq.top();
		pq.pop();
		if(temp!=0)
			ans=max(ans,temp+s[i]);
		else
			pq.push(s[i]);
	}
	while(!pq.empty()){
		temp=pq.top();
		pq.pop();
	}
	ans=max(ans,temp);
	printf("%d\n",ans);
	return 0;
}

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