vc中socket编程步骤及实例

转载 2012年03月28日 11:33:14
sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程序中,将两个工程添加到一个工作区。要链接一个ws2_32.lib的库文件。

服务器端编程的步骤:

1:加载套接字库,创建套接字(WSAStartup()/socket());

2:绑定套接字到一个IP地址和一个端口上(bind());

3:将套接字设置为监听模式等待连接请求(listen());

4:请求到来后,接受连接请求,返回一个新的对应于此次连接的套接字(accept());

5:用返回的套接字和客户端进行通信(send()/recv());

6:返回,等待另一连接请求;

7:关闭套接字,关闭加载的套接字库(closesocket()/WSACleanup())。

服务器端代码如下:
#include <stdio.h>
#include <Winsock2.h>
void main()
{
 WORD wVersionRequested;
 WSADATA wsaData;
 int err;
 
 wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );
 
 err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, wsaData );
 if ( err != 0 ) {
  return;
 }

 
 if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
         HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
   WSACleanup( );
  return;
 }

 SOCKET sockSrv=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

 SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
 addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=htonl(INADDR_ANY);
 addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
 addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);
 
 bind(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

 listen(sockSrv,5);

 SOCKADDR_IN addrClient;
 int len=sizeof(SOCKADDR);
 while(1)
 {
   SOCKET sockConn=accept(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrClient,len);
  char sendBuf[50];
   sprintf(sendBuf,"Welcome %s to here!",inet_ntoa(addrClient.sin_addr));
   send(sockConn,sendBuf,strlen(sendBuf)+1,0);
  char recvBuf[50];
   recv(sockConn,recvBuf,50,0);
   printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
   closesocket(sockConn);
 }


}
客户端编程的步骤:

1:加载套接字库,创建套接字(WSAStartup()/socket());

2:向服务器发出连接请求(connect());

3:和服务器端进行通信(send()/recv());

4:关闭套接字,关闭加载的套接字库(closesocket()/WSACleanup())。

客户端的代码如下:
#include <stdio.h>
#include <Winsock2.h>
void main()
{
 WORD wVersionRequested;
 WSADATA wsaData;
 int err;
 
 wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );
 
 err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, wsaData );
 if ( err != 0 ) {
  return;
 }

 
 if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
         HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
   WSACleanup( );
  return;
 }

 SOCKET sockClient=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);
 
 SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
 addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
 addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
 addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);
 connect(sockClient,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));
 send(sockClient,"hello",strlen("hello")+1,0);
 char recvBuf[50];
 recv(sockClient,recvBuf,50,0);
 printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
 
 closesocket(sockClient);
 WSACleanup();
}

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

vc socket编程 收藏 
1.TCP服务器端:

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}
SOCKET sockSrv=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=htonl(INADDR_ANY);
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

bind(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

listen(sockSrv,5);

SOCKADDR_IN addrClient;
int len=sizeof(SOCKADDR);

while(1)
{
SOCKET sockConn=accept(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrClient,&len);
char sendBuf[100];
sprintf(sendBuf,"Welcome %s to http://www.sunxin.org",
   inet_ntoa(addrClient.sin_addr));
send(sockConn,sendBuf,strlen(sendBuf)+1,0);
char recvBuf[100];
recv(sockConn,recvBuf,100,0);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
closesocket(sockConn);
}
}

2.TCP客户端:

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}
SOCKET sockClient=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);
connect(sockClient,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

char recvBuf[100];
recv(sockClient,recvBuf,100,0);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
send(sockClient,"This is lisi",strlen("This is lisi")+1,0);

closesocket(sockClient);
WSACleanup();
}

3.UDP服务器端

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}

SOCKET sockSrv=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=htonl(INADDR_ANY);
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

bind(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

SOCKADDR_IN addrClient;
int len=sizeof(SOCKADDR);
char recvBuf[100];

recvfrom(sockSrv,recvBuf,100,0,(SOCKADDR*)&addrClient,&len);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
closesocket(sockSrv);
WSACleanup();
}

4.UDP客户端

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}

SOCKET sockClient=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

sendto(sockClient,"Hello",strlen("Hello")+1,0,
(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));
closesocket(sockClient);
WSACleanup();
}
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

vc socket编程 收藏 
1.TCP服务器端:

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}
SOCKET sockSrv=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=htonl(INADDR_ANY);
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

bind(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

listen(sockSrv,5);

SOCKADDR_IN addrClient;
int len=sizeof(SOCKADDR);

while(1)
{
SOCKET sockConn=accept(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrClient,&len);
char sendBuf[100];
sprintf(sendBuf,"Welcome %s to http://www.sunxin.org",
   inet_ntoa(addrClient.sin_addr));
send(sockConn,sendBuf,strlen(sendBuf)+1,0);
char recvBuf[100];
recv(sockConn,recvBuf,100,0);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
closesocket(sockConn);
}
}

2.TCP客户端:

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}
SOCKET sockClient=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,0);

SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);
connect(sockClient,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

char recvBuf[100];
recv(sockClient,recvBuf,100,0);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
send(sockClient,"This is lisi",strlen("This is lisi")+1,0);

closesocket(sockClient);
WSACleanup();
}

3.UDP服务器端

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}

SOCKET sockSrv=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=htonl(INADDR_ANY);
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

bind(sockSrv,(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));

SOCKADDR_IN addrClient;
int len=sizeof(SOCKADDR);
char recvBuf[100];

recvfrom(sockSrv,recvBuf,100,0,(SOCKADDR*)&addrClient,&len);
printf("%s\n",recvBuf);
closesocket(sockSrv);
WSACleanup();
}

4.UDP客户端

#include 
#include

void main()
{
WORD wVersionRequested;
WSADATA wsaData;
int err;

wVersionRequested = MAKEWORD( 1, 1 );

err = WSAStartup( wVersionRequested, &wsaData );
if ( err != 0 ) {
return;
}

if ( LOBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ||
        HIBYTE( wsaData.wVersion ) != 1 ) {
WSACleanup( );
return; 
}

SOCKET sockClient=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,0);
SOCKADDR_IN addrSrv;
addrSrv.sin_addr.S_un.S_addr=inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
addrSrv.sin_family=AF_INET;
addrSrv.sin_port=htons(6000);

sendto(sockClient,"Hello",strlen("Hello")+1,0,
(SOCKADDR*)&addrSrv,sizeof(SOCKADDR));
closesocket(sockClient);
WSACleanup();
}

如果想用异步 SOCKET,直接建立一个继承自 CSocket 的类,重载 OnAccept 来响应 FD_ACCEPT 事件。(CSocket 继承自 CAsyncSocket)

如果直接调用 Winsock 2 API 即 socket, bind, listen, accept,则默认是同步 SOCKET,调用 accept 会阻塞,等到客户端有连接时才返回。

相关文章推荐

vc中socket编程步骤

  • 2011-10-09 11:34
  • 103KB
  • 下载

vc中socket编程步骤

  • 2010-08-06 17:53
  • 78KB
  • 下载

[转]vc中socket编程步骤

sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程...

vc中socket编程步骤

  • 2010-05-31 11:21
  • 78KB
  • 下载

[转]vc中socket编程步骤

http://www.cnblogs.com/xdotnet/archive/2008/01/22/vc_socket.html [转]vc中socket编程步骤     sock...

vc中socket编程步骤(Winsock2)

sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程...

(转)vc中socket编程步骤

sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程...

vc中socket编程步骤

sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程...

vc中socket编程步骤

sockets(套接字)编程有三种,流式套接字(SOCK_STREAM),数据报套接字(SOCK_DGRAM),原始套接字(SOCK_RAW);基于TCP的socket编程是采用的流式套接字。在这个程...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:深度学习:神经网络中的前向传播和反向传播算法推导
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)