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RedHat Enterprise Linux 6.4使用Centos 6 的yum源

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思路:卸载redhat自带yum,然后下载centos的yum,安装后修改配置文件

 

1、首先到http://mirrors.163.com/centos下载软件包

 

x86 地址:http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/

x86_64 地址:http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/

必要下载的软件包有(以64位系统为例):

 python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

 yum-3.2.29-40.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

 yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

 yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-14.el6.noarch.rpm

下载命令:

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-3.2.29-69.el6.centos.noarch.rpm

wget http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/x86_64/Packages/yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-30.el6.noarch.rpm

[注] :版本不一定要最新的

 

2、卸载RedHat自带的yum

 

      rpm -qa | grep yum | xargs rpm -e --nodeps

      注:a、xargs是一条Unix和类Unix操作系统的常用命令。它的作用是将参数列表转换成小块分段传递给其他命令,以避免参数列表过长的问题

          b、--nodeps  强制卸载,不管依赖性

 3、安装下载的centos的yum包:

rpm -ivh python-iniparse-0.3.1-2.1.el6.noarch.rpm

rpm -ivh yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-16.el6.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh yum-3.2.29-69.el6.centos.noarch.rpm  yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.30-30.el6.noarch.rpm

[注] :最后2个需要一起安装,否则会出现依赖性错误

 

4、到http://mirrors.163.com centos帮助文档 中下载CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件,存放到/etc/yum.repo.d中

 

wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS6-Base-163.repo

 

5、编辑CentOS6-Base-163.repo文件,将其中的$releasever更改为centos的版本号

下面是修改好的:

# CentOS-Base.repo

#

# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the

# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and

# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates

# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.

#

# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the

# remarked out baseurl= line instead.

#

#

 

[base]

name=CentOS-6 - Base - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/os/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=os

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

#released updates

[updates]

name=CentOS-6 - Updates - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/updates/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=updates

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

#additional packages that may be useful

[extras]

name=CentOS-6 - Extras - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/extras/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=extras

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages

[centosplus]

name=CentOS-6 - Plus - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/centosplus/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

#contrib - packages by Centos Users

[contrib]

name=CentOS-6 - Contrib - 163.com

baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/centos/6/contrib/$basearch/

#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=6&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

6、yum clean all 清除原有缓存

7、yum makecache  获取yum列表

出现下面提示,表示yum更改完成:

Metadata Cache Created

8、在安装软件时,出现以下错误

 yum源更新后需要导入 key值,否则报错如下,无法安装相关的包。 

Total size: 42 M
Downloading Packages:
warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY
Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6


GPG key retrieval failed: [Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

 

解决办法:

  1. 先安装如下工具包:

    rpm -Uhv http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.3-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-6

再次

6、yum clean all 清除原有缓存

7、yum makecache  获取yum列表


一般来说安装完成后即可,安装完这个就可以了。






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