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C#实现验证码

标签: c#randomstringsessioncookiesobject
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 public class ValidateCode : System.Web.UI.Page
 {
  private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   this.CreateCheckCodeImage(GenerateCheckCode());
  }

  #region Web 窗体设计器生成的代码
  override protected void OnInit(EventArgs e)
  {
   //
   // CODEGEN: 该调用是 ASP.NET Web 窗体设计器所必需的。
   //

   InitializeComponent();
   base.OnInit(e);
  }
  
  /// <summary>
  /// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器修改
  /// 此方法的内容。
  /// </summary>

  private void InitializeComponent()
  {   
   this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Page_Load);
  }
  #endregion

  private string GenerateCheckCode()
  {
   int number;
   char code;
   string checkCode = String.Empty;

   System.Random random = new Random();

   for(int i=0; i<5; i++)
   {
    number = random.Next();

    if(number % 2 == 0)
     code = (char)('0' + (char)(number % 10));
    else
     code = (char)('A' + (char)(number % 26));

    checkCode += code.ToString();
   }

   Response.Cookies.Add(new HttpCookie("CheckCode", checkCode));

   return checkCode;
  }

  private void CreateCheckCodeImage(string checkCode)
  {
   if(checkCode == null || checkCode.Trim() == String.Empty)
    return;

   System.Drawing.Bitmap image = new System.Drawing.Bitmap((int)Math.Ceiling((checkCode.Length * 12.5)), 22);
   Graphics g = Graphics.FromImage(image);

   try
   {
    //生成随机生成器
    Random random = new Random();

    //清空图片背景色
    g.Clear(Color.White);

    //画图片的背景噪音线
    for(int i=0; i<25; i++)
    {
     int x1 = random.Next(image.Width);
     int x2 = random.Next(image.Width);
     int y1 = random.Next(image.Height);
     int y2 = random.Next(image.Height);

     g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Silver), x1, y1, x2, y2);
    }

    Font font = new System.Drawing.Font("Arial", 12, (System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold | System.Drawing.FontStyle.Italic));
    System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush brush = new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush(new Rectangle(0, 0, image.Width, image.Height), Color.Blue, Color.DarkRed, 1.2f, true);
    g.DrawString(checkCode, font, brush, 2, 2);

    //画图片的前景噪音点
    for(int i=0; i<100; i++)
    {
     int x = random.Next(image.Width);
     int y = random.Next(image.Height);

     image.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(random.Next()));
    }

    //画图片的边框线
    g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Silver), 0, 0, image.Width - 1, image.Height - 1);

    System.IO.MemoryStream ms = new System.IO.MemoryStream();
    image.Save(ms, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);
    Response.ClearContent();
    Response.ContentType = "image/Gif";
    Response.BinaryWrite(ms.ToArray());
   }
   finally
   {
    g.Dispose();
    image.Dispose();
   }
  }
 }


 

  假如以上验证码生成器页面名为:CheckCode.aspx,那么在登录页面中使用“<IMG>” 这个 HTML 元素来显示生成的验证码图片:<IMG src="CheckCode.aspx">
  在登录页面的登录按钮的处理事件中使用以下代码判断验证码:

  private void btnLogin_Click(object sender, System.Web.UI.ImageClickEventArgs e)
  {
   if(Request.Cookies["CheckCode"] == null)
   {
    lblMessage.Text = "您的浏览器设置已被禁用 Cookies,您必须设置浏览器允许使用 Cookies 选项后才能使用本系统。";
    lblMessage.Visible = true;
    return;
   }

   if(String.Compare(Request.Cookies["CheckCode"].Value, txtCheckCode.Text, true) != 0)
   {
    lblMessage.Text = "验证码错误,请输入正确的验证码。";
    lblMessage.Visible = true;
    return;
   }

       }



第二種方法一樣也是可以實現驗証碼

前台CheckCode.aspx

<%@ Page language="c#" Inherits="Guestbook.CheckCode" CodeFile="CheckCode.aspx.cs" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" >
<HTML>
    
<HEAD>
        
<title>CheckCode</title>
        
<meta name="GENERATOR" Content="Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 7.1">
        
<meta name="CODE_LANGUAGE" Content="C#">
        
<meta name="vs_defaultClientScript" content="JavaScript">
        
<meta name="vs_targetSchema" content="http://schemas.microsoft.com/intellisense/ie5">
    
</HEAD>
    
<body>
        
<form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">
            
<FONT face="宋体"></FONT>
        
</form>
    
</body>
</HTML>

 后台CheckCode.aspx.cs

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;



namespace Guestbook
{
    
/// <summary>
    
/// 页面检查生成的Session["CheckCode"]
    
/// </summary>

    public partial class CheckCode : System.Web.UI.Page
    
{

            
protected void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
            
{
                
this.CreateCheckCodeImage(GenerateCheckCode());
            }


        
private string GenerateCheckCode()
        
{
            
int number;
            
char code;
            
string checkCode = String.Empty;

            System.Random random 
= new Random();

            
for(int i=0; i<5; i++)
            
{
                number 
= random.Next();

                
if(number % 2 == 0)
                    code 
= (char)('0' + (char)(number % 10));
                
else
                    code 
= (char)('A' + (char)(number % 26));

                checkCode 
+= code.ToString();
            }


            
//Response.Cookies.Add(new HttpCookie("CheckCode", checkCode));
            Session["CheckCode"]=checkCode;
            
return checkCode;
        }


        
private void CreateCheckCodeImage(string checkCode)
        
{
            
if(checkCode == null || checkCode.Trim() == String.Empty)
                
return;

            System.Drawing.Bitmap image 
= new System.Drawing.Bitmap((int)Math.Ceiling((checkCode.Length * 12.5)), 22);
            Graphics g 
= Graphics.FromImage(image);

            
try
            
{
                
//生成随机生成器
                Random random = new Random();

                
//清空图片背景色
                g.Clear(Color.White);

                
//画图片的背景噪音线
                for(int i=0; i<25; i++)
                
{
                    
int x1 = random.Next(image.Width);
                    
int x2 = random.Next(image.Width);
                    
int y1 = random.Next(image.Height);
                    
int y2 = random.Next(image.Height);

                    g.DrawLine(
new Pen(Color.Silver), x1, y1, x2, y2);
                }


                Font font 
= new System.Drawing.Font("Arial"12, (System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold | System.Drawing.FontStyle.Italic));
                System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush brush 
= new System.Drawing.Drawing2D.LinearGradientBrush(new Rectangle(00, image.Width, image.Height), Color.Blue, Color.DarkRed, 1.2ftrue);
                g.DrawString(checkCode, font, brush, 
22);

                
//画图片的前景噪音点
                for(int i=0; i<100; i++)
                
{
                    
int x = random.Next(image.Width);
                    
int y = random.Next(image.Height);

                    image.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(random.Next()));
                }


                
//画图片的边框线
                g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Silver), 00, image.Width - 1, image.Height - 1);

                System.IO.MemoryStream ms 
= new System.IO.MemoryStream();
                image.Save(ms, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Gif);
                Response.ClearContent();
                Response.ContentType 
= "image/Gif";
                Response.BinaryWrite(ms.ToArray());
            }

            
finally
            
{
                g.Dispose();
                image.Dispose();
            }

        }



    }

}

-----------------------------------

调用页面Default.aspx 

          <tr>
            
<td align="center" height="30" >验证码</td>
            
<td style="height: 30px"><input name="Txt_imgCode" type="text" id="Txt_imgCode" size="5" maxlength="5"  tabindex="3"/>
                
<img id="CodeImg" onclick="this.src='CheckCode.aspx'" src="CheckCode.aspx" />
                
<input onclick="document.getElementById('CodeImg').src='CheckCode.aspx?tmp='+Math.random()"
                            type
="button" value="验证码" name="Btn_Re" /></td>
          
</tr>


之后在后台对Session["CheckCode"].ToString().ToLower()进行验证就行了,来判断验证码是否正确。

希望对大家有帮助



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