iOS日常学习 - 如何配置.gitignore文件

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为什么要配置.gitigore

在我们使用git的过程当中,不是任何文件都需要commit到本地或者远程仓库的,比如一些三方库文件。
那么作为一个git新手,很多人不知道如何配置.gitignore文件,本文只是提供一个便捷的例子。你可以直接使用本文提供的代码编辑到你的.gitigore文件中。

简便配置

直接复制下面的内容到你的.gitignore文件即可。注意,这个配置是给iOS开发者使用的。

# Xcode
.DS_Store
*/build/*
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata
profile
*.moved-aside
DerivedData
.idea/
*.hmap
*.xccheckout
*.xcworkspace
!default.xcworkspace

#CocoaPods
Pods
!Podfile
!Podfile.lock

到gitignore.io去选择自定义配置

gitignore.io 输入你需要配置的语言,会帮助你自动生成一份配置。比如,输入Objective-C和Swift会帮助你生成下面的配置。

# Created by https://www.gitignore.io/api/objective-c,swift

### Objective-C ###
# Xcode
#
# gitignore contributors: remember to update         Global/Xcode.gitignore, Objective-C.gitignore & Swift.gitignore

## Build generated
build/
DerivedData/

## Various settings
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata/

## Other
*.moved-aside
*.xcuserstate

## Obj-C/Swift specific
*.hmap
*.ipa

# CocoaPods
#
# We recommend against adding the Pods directory to your         .gitignore. However
# you should judge for yourself, the pros and cons are     mentioned at:
# https://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-check-the-pods-directory-into-source-control
#
# Pods/

# Carthage
#
# Add this line if you want to avoid checking in source code from Carthage dependencies.
# Carthage/Checkouts

Carthage/Build

# fastlane
#
# It is recommended to not store the screenshots in the git repo. Instead, use fastlane to re-generate the 
# screenshots whenever they are needed.
# For more information about the recommended setup visit:
#     https://github.com/fastlane/fastlane/blob/master/fastlane/docs/Gitignore.md

fastlane/report.xml
fastlane/screenshots

### Objective-C Patch ###
*.xcscmblueprint

### Swift ###
# Xcode
#
# gitignore contributors: remember to update     Global/Xcode.gitignore, Objective-C.gitignore & Swift.gitignore

## Build generated
build/
DerivedData/

## Various settings
*.pbxuser
!default.pbxuser
*.mode1v3
!default.mode1v3
*.mode2v3
!default.mode2v3
*.perspectivev3
!default.perspectivev3
xcuserdata/

## Other
*.moved-aside
*.xcuserstate

## Obj-C/Swift specific
*.hmap
*.ipa

## Playgrounds
timeline.xctimeline
playground.xcworkspace

# Swift Package Manager
#
# Add this line if you want to avoid checking in source code from Swift Package Manager dependencies.
# Packages/
.build/

# CocoaPods
#
# We recommend against adding the Pods directory to your .gitignore. However
# you should judge for yourself, the pros and cons are mentioned at:
# https://guides.cocoapods.org/using/using-cocoapods.html#should-i-check-the-pods-directory-into-source-control
#
# Pods/

# Carthage
#
# Add this line if you want to avoid checking in source code from Carthage dependencies.
# Carthage/Checkouts

Carthage/Build

# fastlane
#
# It is recommended to not store the screenshots in the git repo. Instead, use fastlane to re-generate the
# screenshots whenever they are needed.
# For more information about the recommended setup visit:
#     https://github.com/fastlane/fastlane/blob/master/fastlane/docs/Gitignore.md

fastlane/report.xml
fastlane/Preview.html
fastlane/screenshots
fastlane/test_output

这个配置自动生成了很多注释和一些不太必要的配置,所以直接使用上面提供的简便配置就好。

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