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checksum()

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// ip_checksum.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include <stdlib.h>

typedef unsigned short USHORT ;
typedef unsigned char UCHAR ;

/*
 *函数名称:check_sum
 *    传入参数:unsigned char *ptr,指向需要计算checksum的unsigned char数组;
 *              int size,数组的长度,传入的数组的长度必须为偶数
 *    返回:返回一个unsigned short的值
 */
unsigned short check_sum(unsigned char *ptr, int size)
{
    if(size % 2 != 0)
    {
        return 0;
    }
    int cksum = 0;
   
    int index = 0;
    while(index < size)
    {       
        cksum += *(ptr + index + 1);
        cksum += *(ptr + index) << 8;
       
        index += 2;
    }
    
    while(cksum > 0xffff)
    {
        cksum = (cksum >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
    }
    return ~cksum;
}

//
USHORT checksum(USHORT *buffer, int size)
{
 unsigned long cksum=0;
 while (size > 1)
{
 cksum += *buffer++;
 size -= sizeof(USHORT);
 }
 if (size)
{
 cksum += *(UCHAR*)buffer;
 }
 cksum = (cksum >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
 cksum += (cksum >>16);
 return (USHORT)(~cksum);
 }

USHORT checksum2(USHORT *buffer, int size)
{
unsigned long cksum=0;

 

while (size > 1)
{
cksum += *buffer++;
size -= sizeof(USHORT);
}
if (size)
{
cksum += *(UCHAR*)buffer;
}
cksum = (cksum >> 16) + (cksum & 0xffff);
cksum += (cksum >>16);

 

return (USHORT)(~cksum);
}


int main()
{
  //  unsigned char ptr[] = {0x45, 0x00, 0x00, 0x1c, 0x00, 0x0b, 0x00, 0x00, 0x80, 0x01,
  //                       0xc0, 0xa8, 0x01, 0x17, 0xc0, 0xa8, 0x01, 0x1b};
    unsigned char ptr[] = {0x45, 0x00, 0x00, 0x28, 0x6c, 0x4e, 0x40, 0x00, 0x80, 0x06,
                           0xc0, 0xa8, 0x5a, 0x64, 0x71, 0xf6, 0x86, 0xe5};
    printf("%x\n", checksum2((USHORT*)ptr, 18));
 USHORT us = check_sum(ptr, 18);
     printf("%x\n",us );
    system("pause");
    return 0;
}

 

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