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大数量的mysql 查询优化 mysql优化 百万级 mysql 查询优化

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关于分页的优化。
我们知道,在MySQL中分页很简单,直接LIMIT page_no,page_total 就可以了。
可是当记录数慢慢增大时,她就不那么好使了。
这里我们创建摘要表来记录页码和原表之间的关联。
下面为测试数据。

原表:
CREATE TABLE `t_group` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `money` decimal(10,2) NOT NULL,
  `user_name` varchar(20) NOT NULL,
  `create_time` timestamp NOT NULL default CURRENT_TIMESTAMP on update CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`),
  KEY `idx_combination1` (`user_name`,`money`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

原表总记录数:
mysql> select count(*) from t_group;
+----------+
| count(*) |
+----------+
| 10485760 |
+----------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
分页表:


CREATE TABLE `t_group_ids` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  `group_id` int(11) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`,`group_id`),
  KEY `idx_id` (`id`),
  KEY `idx_group_id` (`group_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;


插入分页表数据。当然这里如果你的表主键不是ID,那你得自己想办法搞这个分页表的数据了。这个好实现,就不说了。
mysql> insert into t_group_ids select ceil(id/20),id from t_group;
Query OK, 10485760 rows affected (2 min 56.19 sec)
Records: 10485760  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

现在来看看对比数据。

用普通LIMIT来实现分页。

mysql> select * from t_group where 1 limit 20;
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
| id | money  | user_name | create_time         |
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
|  1 |  50.23 | david     | 2008-10-23 12:55:49 |
|  2 |  55.23 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:02:09 |
|  3 | 100.83 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:02:22 |
|  4 |  99.99 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:02:39 |
|  5 | 299.99 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:02:52 |
|  6 | 599.99 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:03:03 |
|  7 | 599.99 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:03:12 |
|  8 |   9.99 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:03:47 |
|  9 |   9.99 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:04:31 |
| 10 | 900.99 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:04:50 |
| 11 |   0.23 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 12 |   5.23 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 13 |  50.83 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 14 |  49.99 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 15 | 249.99 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 16 | 549.99 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 17 | 549.99 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 18 | -40.01 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 19 | -40.01 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 20 | 850.99 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (0.01 sec)


用分页表来实现分页。

mysql> select a.* from t_group as a inner join t_group_ids as b where a.id = b.g
roup_id and b.id = 1;
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
| id | money  | user_name | create_time         |
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
|  1 |  50.23 | david     | 2008-10-23 12:55:49 |
|  2 |  55.23 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:02:09 |
|  3 | 100.83 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:02:22 |
|  4 |  99.99 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:02:39 |
|  5 | 299.99 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:02:52 |
|  6 | 599.99 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:03:03 |
|  7 | 599.99 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:03:12 |
|  8 |   9.99 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:03:47 |
|  9 |   9.99 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:04:31 |
| 10 | 900.99 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:04:50 |
| 11 |   0.23 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 12 |   5.23 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 13 |  50.83 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 14 |  49.99 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 15 | 249.99 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 16 | 549.99 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 17 | 549.99 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 18 | -40.01 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 19 | -40.01 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
| 20 | 850.99 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:05:31 |
+----+--------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (0.00 sec)



取第50W页的数据。
原来表:

mysql> select * from t_group where 1 limit 9999980,20;
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| id       | money   | user_name | create_time         |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
|  9999981 |  810.13 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999982 |  815.13 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999983 |  860.73 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999984 |  859.89 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999985 | 1059.89 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999986 | 1359.89 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999987 | 1359.89 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999988 |  769.89 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999989 |  769.89 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999990 | 1660.89 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999991 |  760.13 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999992 |  765.13 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999993 |  810.73 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999994 |  809.89 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999995 | 1009.89 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999996 | 1309.89 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999997 | 1309.89 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999998 |  719.89 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999999 |  719.89 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10000000 | 1610.89 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (4.21 sec)

分页表:

mysql> select a.* from t_group as a inner join t_group_ids as b where a.id = b.g
roup_id and b.id = 500000;
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| id       | money   | user_name | create_time         |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
|  9999981 |  810.13 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999982 |  815.13 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999983 |  860.73 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999984 |  859.89 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999985 | 1059.89 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999986 | 1359.89 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999987 | 1359.89 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999988 |  769.89 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999989 |  769.89 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999990 | 1660.89 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999991 |  760.13 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999992 |  765.13 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999993 |  810.73 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999994 |  809.89 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999995 | 1009.89 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999996 | 1309.89 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999997 | 1309.89 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999998 |  719.89 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
|  9999999 |  719.89 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10000000 | 1610.89 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (0.03 sec)


我们来取最后一页的数据。
原表:


mysql> select * from t_group where 1 limit 10485740,20;
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| id       | money   | user_name | create_time         |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| 10485741 | 1935.42 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485742 | 1955.42 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485743 | 2137.82 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485744 | 2134.46 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485745 | 2934.46 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485746 | 4134.46 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485747 | 4134.46 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485748 | 1774.46 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485749 | 1774.46 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485750 | 5338.46 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485751 | 1735.42 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485752 | 1755.42 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485753 | 1937.82 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485754 | 1934.46 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485755 | 2734.46 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485756 | 3934.46 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485757 | 3934.46 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485758 | 1574.46 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485759 | 1574.46 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485760 | 5138.46 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (4.88 sec)

分页表:

mysql> select a.* from t_group as a inner join t_group_ids as b where a.id = b.g
roup_id and b.id = 524288;
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| id       | money   | user_name | create_time         |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
| 10485741 | 1935.42 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485742 | 1955.42 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485743 | 2137.82 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485744 | 2134.46 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485745 | 2934.46 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485746 | 4134.46 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485747 | 4134.46 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485748 | 1774.46 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485749 | 1774.46 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485750 | 5338.46 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485751 | 1735.42 | david     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485752 | 1755.42 | livia     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485753 | 1937.82 | leo       | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485754 | 1934.46 | lucy      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485755 | 2734.46 | simon     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485756 | 3934.46 | sony      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485757 | 3934.46 | rick      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485758 | 1574.46 | anne      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485759 | 1574.46 | sarah     | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
| 10485760 | 5138.46 | john      | 2008-10-23 10:09:24 |
+----------+---------+-----------+---------------------+
20 rows in set (0.01 sec)

http://blogold.chinaunix.net/u/29134/showart_1333566.html

上面转来的
但是这样如果是静态的数据没问题,但是插入的时候成本有点高!还有如果需要删除1条数据的话也是代价比较大的!
如果是没有多条件查询的话会相对简单一些!可以给id大于或者小于 》1000 limit 10 也会提高一些性能!
还在了解中
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