GridView终极用法(一)

原创 2007年10月03日 11:19:00
GridView无代码分页排序
GridView选中,
编辑,取消,删除
GridView正反双向排序
GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合
GridView和CheckBox结合
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法一
鼠标移到GridView某一行时改变该行的背景色方法二
GridView实现删除时弹出确认对话框
GridView实现自动编号
GridView实现自定义时间货币等字符串格式
GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串
GridView一般换行与强制换行
GridView显示隐藏某一列
GridView弹出新页面/弹出新窗口
GridView固定表头(不用javascript只用CSS,2行代码,很好用)
GridView合并表头多重表头无错完美版(以合并3列3行举例)
GridView突出显示某一单元格(例如金额低于多少,分数不及格等)
GridView加入自动求和求平均值小计
GridView数据导入Excel/Excel数据读入GridView

1.GridView无代码分页排序

效果图:

1.AllowSorting设为True,aspx代码中是AllowSorting="True";
2.默认1页10条,如果要修改每页条数,修改PageSize即可,在aspx代码中是PageSize="12"。
3.默认的是单向排序的,右击GridView弹出“属性”,选择AllowSorting为True即可。


2.GridView选中,编辑,取消,删除:

效果图:

后台代码:
你可以使用sqlhelper,本文没用。代码如下:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=数据库名;Uid=帐号;Pwd=密码";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }

//删除
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 表 where id='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }

//更新
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 表 set 字段1='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段2='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[2].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',字段3='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where id='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }

//取消
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }

//绑定
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select * from 表";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "表");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "id" };//主键
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台主要代码:
                            ... ...
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" CellPadding="4"
                        ForeColor="#333333" GridLines="None" OnRowDeleting="GridView1_RowDeleting" OnRowEditing="GridView1_RowEditing"
                        OnRowUpdating="GridView1_RowUpdating" OnRowCancelingEdit="GridView1_RowCancelingEdit">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="#990000" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <Columns>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" ReadOnly="True" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="选择" ShowSelectButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="编辑" ShowEditButton="True" />
                            <asp:CommandField HeaderText="删除" ShowDeleteButton="True" />
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>


3.GridView正反双向排序:
效果图:点姓名各2次的排序,点其他也一样可以。

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default3 : System.Web.UI.Page
{

//清清月儿的博客http://blog.csdn.net/21aspnet 
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_Sorting(object sender, GridViewSortEventArgs e)
    {
        string sPage = e.SortExpression;
        if (ViewState["SortOrder"].ToString() == sPage)
        {
            if (ViewState["OrderDire"].ToString() == "Desc")
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            else
                ViewState["OrderDire"] = "Desc";
        }
        else
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = e.SortExpression;
        }
        bind();
    }

    public void bind()
    {
       
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        DataView view = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView;
        string sort = (string)ViewState["SortOrder"] + " " + (string)ViewState["OrderDire"];
        view.Sort = sort;
        GridView1.DataSource = view;
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
}

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt" OnSorting="GridView1_Sorting" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="员工性别" HeaderText="性别" SortExpression="员工性别"/>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                               
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

 

4.GridView和下拉菜单DropDownList结合:

效果图:

后台代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
public partial class Default4 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        DropDownList ddl;
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
            sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
            SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
            DataSet myds = new DataSet();
            sqlcon.Open();
            myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
            GridView1.DataSource = myds;
            GridView1.DataBind();
            for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
            {
                DataRowView mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "True")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 0;
                }
                if (Convert.ToString(mydrv["员工性别"]).Trim() == "False")
                {
                    ddl = (DropDownList)GridView1.Rows[i].FindControl("DropDownList1");
                    ddl.SelectedIndex = 1;
                }
            }
            sqlcon.Close();
        }
    }
    public SqlDataReader ddlbind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select distinct 员工性别 from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlCommand sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        return sqlcom.ExecuteReader();
    }

前台主要代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AllowSorting="True" AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                        CellPadding="3" Font-Size="9pt"  BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px">
                        <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <Columns>
                             <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="用户ID" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="用户姓名" SortExpression="姓名"/>
                            <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="员工性别">
                                <ItemTemplate>
                                    <asp:DropDownList ID="DropDownList1" runat="server" DataSource='<%# ddlbind()%>' DataValueField="员工性别" DataTextField="员工性别">
                                    </asp:DropDownList>
                                </ItemTemplate>
                            </asp:TemplateField>
                            <asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址" SortExpression="家庭住址"/>
                               
                        </Columns>
                        <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
                        <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                        <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
                        <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
                    </asp:GridView>

5.GridView和CheckBox结合:

效果图:

 

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