GridView终极用法(三)

原创 2007年10月03日 11:22:00
另外的解决方法为,使用模版列

 

<asp :GridView ID="GridView3" runat="server" >
<columns>
<asp :TemplateField HeaderText="CreationDate" >
<edititemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text='<%# Eval("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</edititemtemplate>
<itemtemplate>
<asp :Label ID="Label1" runat="server"
Text=’<%# Bind("CreationDate", "{0:M-dd-yyyy}") %>'>
</asp>
</itemtemplate>
</asp>
</columns>
</asp>

前台代码:
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" AutoGenerateColumns="False" DataKeyNames="身份证号码"
            DataSourceID="SqlDataSource1" AllowSorting="True" BackColor="White" BorderColor="#CCCCCC" BorderStyle="None" BorderWidth="1px" CellPadding="3" Font-Size="12px" OnRowDataBound="GridView1_RowDataBound">
            <Columns>
                <asp:BoundField DataField="身份证号码" HeaderText="身份证号码" ReadOnly="True" SortExpression="身份证号码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="姓名" HeaderText="姓名" SortExpression="姓名" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="邮政编码" HeaderText="邮政编码" SortExpression="邮政编码" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="出生日期" HeaderText="出生日期" SortExpression="出生日期" />
                <asp:BoundField DataField="起薪" HeaderText="起薪" SortExpression="起薪" />
            </Columns>
            <FooterStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" />
            <RowStyle ForeColor="#000066" />
            <SelectedRowStyle BackColor="#669999" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
            <PagerStyle BackColor="White" ForeColor="#000066" HorizontalAlign="Left" />
            <HeaderStyle BackColor="#006699" Font-Bold="True" ForeColor="White" />
        </asp:GridView>
        <asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:北风贸易ConnectionString1 %>"
            SelectCommand="SELECT top 5 [出生日期], [起薪], [身份证号码], [姓名], [家庭住址], [邮政编码] FROM [飞狐工作室]" DataSourceMode="DataReader"></asp:SqlDataSource>

附录-常用格式化公式:
{0:C}  货币;
{0:D4}由0填充的4个字符宽的字段中显示整数;
{0:000.0}四舍五入小数点保留第几位有效数字;
{0:N2}小数点保留2位有效数字;{0:N2}%   小数点保留2位有效数字加百分号;
{0:D}长日期;{0:d}短日期;{0:yy-MM-dd}   例如07-3-25;;{0:yyyy-MM-dd}  例如2007-3-25

 11.GridView实现用“...”代替超长字符串:

效果图:

解决方法:数据绑定后过滤每一行即可
for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];//表名
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);//所要处理的字段
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        } 

调用的方法:

    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }

后台全部代码:
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom;
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
        }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        for (int i = 0; i <= GridView1.Rows.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            DataRowView mydrv;
            string gIntro;
            if (GridView1.PageIndex == 0)
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
            else
            {
                mydrv = myds.Tables["飞狐工作室"].DefaultView[i + (5 * GridView1.PageIndex)];
                gIntro = Convert.ToString(mydrv["家庭住址"]);
                GridView1.Rows[i].Cells[3].Text = SubStr(gIntro, 2);
            }
        }
       
        sqlcon.Close();
    }
    public string SubStr(string sString, int nLeng)
    {
        if (sString.Length <= nLeng)
        {
            return sString;
        }
        string sNewStr = sString.Substring(0, nLeng);
        sNewStr = sNewStr + "...";
        return sNewStr;
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDataBound(object sender, GridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        //如果是绑定数据行 
        if (e.Row.RowType == DataControlRowType.DataRow)
        {
            ////鼠标经过时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseover", "this.style.backgroundColor='#E6F5FA'");
            ////鼠标移出时,行背景色变
            //e.Row.Attributes.Add("onmouseout", "this.style.backgroundColor='#FFFFFF'");

            ////当有编辑列时,避免出错,要加的RowState判断
            //if (e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Normal || e.Row.RowState == DataControlRowState.Alternate)
            //{
            //    ((LinkButton)e.Row.Cells[6].Controls[0]).Attributes.Add("onclick", "javascript:return confirm('你确认要删除:/"" + e.Row.Cells[1].Text + "/"吗?')");
            //}

        }
        if (e.Row.RowIndex != -1)
        {
            int id = e.Row.RowIndex + 1;
            e.Row.Cells[0].Text = id.ToString();
        }

    }
}

 11.GridView一般换行与强制换行:

效果图:

首先设置<asp:BoundField DataField="家庭住址" HeaderText="家庭住址"  ItemStyle-Width="100" />
gridview里有一列绑定的数据很长,显示的时候在一行里面显示,页面拉得很宽。
原因是连续英文段为一个整体导致的,在RowDataBound中添加上了一句e.Row.Cells[2].Style.Add("word-break", "break-all")就可以。

如果要给所有的列增加此属性:
 protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //正常换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:keep-all;word-wrap:normal");
        //下面这行是自动换行
        GridView1.Attributes.Add("style", "word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word");
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
             bind();//调用数据绑定即可
        }
    }
总之:善用CSS的word-break:break-all;word-wrap:break-word属性即可,这个属性是通用的对于顽固的南换行问题都可以解决,不局限于GridView。

 12.GridView显示隐藏某一列:
本方案为月儿独创,不同于网上其他方式,我觉得用一个CheckBox更人性化,这样可以隐藏不必要的列,让用户自己选择需要出现的列,在处理多列时这是一个很好的解决方案!

效果图:
图1-开始

图2-点击显示的CheckBox后

解决方案:
public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;//一开始隐藏
        CheckBox1.Checked = false;//如果不这样后面的代码会把他True

    }

双击CheckBox1,在CheckedChanged方法里写上代码,最后代码如下:
protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
         Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
    }

注意:CheckBox1的AutoPostBack要True

后台全部代码如下:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    SqlConnection sqlcon;
    SqlCommand sqlcom; 
    string strCon = "Data Source=(local);Database=北风贸易;Uid=sa;Pwd=sa";
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        if (!IsPostBack)
        {
            ViewState["SortOrder"] = "身份证号码";
            ViewState["OrderDire"] = "ASC";
            bind();
                   }
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowEditing(object sender, GridViewEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = e.NewEditIndex;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowDeleting(object sender, GridViewDeleteEventArgs e)
    {
        string sqlstr = "delete from 飞狐工作室 where 身份证号码='" + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        sqlcom = new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowUpdating(object sender, GridViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        string sqlstr = "update 飞狐工作室 set 姓名='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[1].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "',家庭住址='"
            + ((TextBox)(GridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].Cells[3].Controls[0])).Text.ToString().Trim() + "' where 身份证号码='"
            + GridView1.DataKeys[e.RowIndex].Value.ToString() + "'";
        sqlcom=new SqlCommand(sqlstr,sqlcon);
        sqlcon.Open();
        sqlcom.ExecuteNonQuery();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    protected void GridView1_RowCancelingEdit(object sender, GridViewCancelEditEventArgs e)
    {
        GridView1.EditIndex = -1;
        bind();
    }
    public void bind()
    {
        string sqlstr = "select top 5 * from 飞狐工作室";
        sqlcon = new SqlConnection(strCon);
        SqlDataAdapter myda = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlstr, sqlcon);
        DataSet myds = new DataSet();
        sqlcon.Open();
        myda.Fill(myds, "飞狐工作室");
        GridView1.DataSource = myds;
        GridView1.DataKeyNames = new string[] { "身份证号码" };
        GridView1.DataBind();
        sqlcon.Close();
        GridView1.Columns[3].Visible = false;
        CheckBox1.Checked = false;
    }
    protected void CheckBox1_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
         GridView1.Columns[3].Visible=! GridView1.Columns[3].Visible;
         Response.Write("GridView1的第4列现在的显示隐藏状态是:"+GridView1.Columns[3].Visible.ToString());
    }
}
 

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