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javascript 之基本知识

标签: javascript
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分类:

压缩器

1.JSMin

2.Dojo ShrinkSafe

3.YUI Compressor

单元测试

1.JsUnit

2.YUI Test

3.DOH

4.qUnit

文档生成器

1.JsDoc Toolkit

2.YUI Doc

3.AjaxDoc

获取元素

getElementByTagName

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
    <title>Shopping list</title>
	<style type="text/css">
p {
  color: yellow;
  font-family: "arial", sans-serif;
  font-size: 1.2em;
}
body {
  color: white;
  background-color: black;
}
#purchases {
  border: 1px solid white;
  background-color: #333;
  color: #ccc;
  padding: 1em;
}
#purchases li {
  font-weight: bold;
}

	</style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>What to buy</h1>
    <p title="a gentle reminder">Don't forget to buy this stuff.</p>
	<p>This is just a test</p>
    <ul id="purchases">
      <li>A tin of beans</li>
      <li>Cheese</li>
      <li>Milk</li>
    </ul>
	<script type="text/JavaScript">
	var paras = document.getElementsByTagName("p");
	for (var i=0; i< paras.length; i++) {
	  var title_text = paras[i].getAttribute("title");
	  if (title_text != null) {
		alert(title_text);
	  }
	}
	</script>
  </body>
</html>

数值转换

1.Number()
2.parseInt();
3.parseFloat();
var num1 = Number("Hello world!");  //NaN
var num2 = Number("");              //0
var num3 = Number("000011");        //11
var num4 = Number(true);            //1
var num1 = parseInt("1234blue");    //1234
var num2 = parseInt("");            //NaN
var num3 = parseInt("0xA");         //10 - hexadecimal
var num4 = parseInt(22.5);          //22
var num5 = parseInt("70");          //70 - decimal
var num6 = parseInt("0xf");         //15 ?hexadecimal
var num1 = parseInt("AF", 16);        //175
var num2 = parseInt("AF");            //NaN
var num1 = parseInt("10", 2);         //2 ?parsed as binary
var num2 = parseInt("10", 8);         //8 ?parsed as octal
var num3 = parseInt("10", 10);        //10 ?parsed as decimal
var num4 = parseInt("10", 16);        //16 ?parsed as 
var num1 = parseFloat("1234blue");    //1234 - integer
var num2 = parseFloat("0xA");         //0
var num3 = parseFloat("22.5");        //22.5
var num4 = parseFloat("22.34.5");     //22.34
var num5 = parseFloat("0908.5");      //908.5
var num6 = parseFloat("3.125e7");     //31250000

String 操作

var age = 11;
var ageAsString = age.toString();    //the string "11"
var found = true;
var foundAsString = found.toString(); //the string "true"

alert(ageAsString);
alert(typeof ageAsString);
alert(foundAsString);
alert(typeof foundAsString);
var num = 10;
alert(num.toString());       //"10"
alert(num.toString(2));      //"1010"
alert(num.toString(8));      //"12"
alert(num.toString(10));     //"10"
alert(num.toString(16));     //"a"
var value1 = 10;
var value2 = true;
var value3 = null;
var value4;

alert(String(value1));     //"10"
alert(String(value2));     //"true"
alert(String(value3));     //"null"
alert(String(value4));     //"undefined"

Object 类型

var person = new Object();
person.name = "Nicholas";
person.age = 29;

var person = {
    name : "Nicholas",
    age : 29
};

Array类型

var colors = new Array(3);      //create an array with three items
var names = new Array("Greg");  //create an array with one item, the string "Greg"

alert(colors.length);
alert(names.length);

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"]; //creates an array with three strings
var names = [];                        //creates an empty array
var values = [1,2,];                   //AVOID! Creates an array with 2 or 3 items
var options = [,,,,,];                 //AVOID! creates an array with 5 or 6 items

alert(colors.length);    //3
alert(names.length);     //0
alert(values.length);    //2 (FF, Safari, Opera) or 3 (IE)
alert(options.length);   //5 (FF, Safari, Opera) or 6 (IE)

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"];    //creates an array with three strings
colors.length = 2;
alert(colors[2]);        //undefined

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"];    //creates an array with three strings
colors.length = 4;
alert(colors[3]);        //undefined

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"];    //creates an array with three strings
colors[colors.length] = "black";          //add a color
colors[colors.length] = "brown";          //add another color

alert(colors.length);    //5
alert(colors[3]);        //black
alert(colors[4]);        //brown

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"];    //creates an array with three strings
colors[99] = "black";                     //add a color (position 99)
alert(colors.length);  //100

var colors = ["red", "blue", "green"];    //creates an array with three strings
alert(colors.toString());    //red,blue,green
alert(colors.valueOf());     //red,blue,green
alert(colors);               //red,blue,green

var person1 = {
    toLocaleString : function () {
        return "Nikolaos";
    },

    toString : function() {
        return "Nicholas";
    }
};

var person2 = {
    toLocaleString : function () {
        return "Grigorios";
    },

    toString : function() {
        return "Greg";
    }
};

var people = [person1, person2];
alert(people);                      //Nicholas,Greg
alert(people.toString());           //Nicholas,Greg
alert(people.toLocaleString());     //Nikolaos,Grigorios
var colors = new Array();                      //create an array
var count = colors.push("red", "green");       //push two items
alert(count);  //2

count = colors.push("black");                  //push another item on
alert(count);  //3

var item = colors.pop();                       //get the last item
alert(item);   //"black"
alert(colors.length);  //2

var colors = ["red", "blue"];
colors.push("brown");              //add another item
colors[3] = "black";               //add an item
alert(colors.length);  //4

var item = colors.pop();           //get the last item
alert(item);  //"black"

var colors = new Array();                      //create an array
var count = colors.push("red", "green");       //push two items
alert(count);  //2

count = colors.push("black");                  //push another item on
alert(count);  //3

var item = colors.shift();                     //get the first item
alert(item);   //"red"
alert(colors.length);  //2

var colors = new Array();                      //create an array
var count = colors.unshift("red", "green");    //push two items
alert(count);  //2

count = colors.unshift("black");               //push another item on
alert(count);  //3

var item = colors.pop();                     //get the first item
alert(item);   //"green"
alert(colors.length);  //2

var values = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
values.reverse();
alert(values);       //5,4,3,2,1

var values = [0, 1, 5, 10, 15];
values.sort();
alert(values);    //0,1,10,15,5

function compare(value1, value2) {
    if (value1 < value2) {
        return -1;
    } else if (value1 > value2) {
        return 1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

var values = [0, 1, 5, 10, 15];
values.sort(compare);
alert(values);    //0,1,5,10,15

function compare(value1, value2) {
    if (value1 < value2) {
        return 1;
    } else if (value1 > value2) {
        return -1;
    } else {
        return 0;
    }
}

var values = [0, 1, 5, 10, 15];
values.sort(compare);
alert(values);    //15,10,5,1,0
var colors = ["red", "green", "blue"];
alert(colors.join(","));      //red,green,blue
alert(colors.join("||"));     //red||green||blue

var colors = ["red", "green", "blue", "yellow", "purple"];
var colors2 = colors.slice(1);
var colors3 = colors.slice(1,4);

alert(colors2);   //green,blue,yellow,purple
alert(colors3);   //green,blue,yellow

var colors = ["red", "green", "blue"];
var removed = colors.splice(0,1);              //remove the first item
alert(colors);     //green,blue
alert(removed);    //red - one item array

removed = colors.splice(1, 0, "yellow", "orange");  //insert two items at position 1
alert(colors);     //green,yellow,orange,blue
alert(removed);    //empty array

removed = colors.splice(1, 1, "red", "purple");    //insert two values, remove one
alert(colors);     //green,red,purple,orange,blue
alert(removed);    //yellow - one item array
var numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1];

alert(numbers.indexOf(4));        //3
alert(numbers.lastIndexOf(4));    //5

alert(numbers.indexOf(4, 4));     //5
alert(numbers.lastIndexOf(4, 4)); //3       

var person = { name: "Nicholas" };
var people = [{ name: "Nicholas" }];
var morePeople = [person];

alert(people.indexOf(person));     //-1
alert(morePeople.indexOf(person)); //0
var numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1];

var filterResult = numbers.filter(function(item, index, array){
    return (item > 2);
});

alert(filterResult);   //[3,4,5,4,3]

var numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1];

var mapResult = numbers.map(function(item, index, array){
    return item * 2;
});

alert(mapResult);   //[2,4,6,8,10,8,6,4,2]

var values = [1,2,3,4,5];
var sum = values.reduce(function(prev, cur, index, array){
    return prev + cur;
});
alert(sum);

Date类型

//Date.now() is in ECMAScript 5
//Prior to that, use +new Date()

var now = (typeof Date.now == "function" ? Date.now() : +new Date());
alert("Right now: " + now);

var now = new Date();
alert(now);

var someDate = new Date(Date.parse("May 25, 2004"));
alert(someDate);

//January 1, 2000 at midnight
var y2k = new Date(Date.UTC(2000, 0));
alert(y2k.toUTCString());

//May 5, 2005 at 5:55:55 PM GMT
var allFives = new Date(Date.UTC(2005, 4, 5, 17, 55, 55));
alert(allFives.toUTCString());

var date1 = new Date(2007, 0, 1);          //January 1, 2007
var date2 = new Date(2007, 1, 1);          //February 1, 2007

alert(date1 < date2);  //true
alert(date1 > date2);  //false











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