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获取spring运行环境中的bean

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获得spring里注册Bean的四种方法,特别是第三种方法,简单: 
一:方法一(多在struts框架中)继承BaseDispatchAction

 
import com.mas.wawacommunity.wap.service.UserManager;
 
public class BaseDispatchAction extends DispatchAction {
    /**
    * web应用上下文环境变量
    */
    protected WebApplicationContext ctx;
 
    protected UserManager userMgr;
 
    /**
    * 获得注册Bean     
    * @param beanName String 注册Bean的名称
    * @return
    */
    protected final Object getBean(String beanName) {
        return ctx.getBean(beanName);
    }
 
    protected ActionForward unspecified(ActionMapping mapping, ActionForm form,
              javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
              javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response) {     
        return mapping.findForward("index");
    }
 
    public void setServlet(ActionServlet servlet) {
        this.servlet = servlet;
        this.ctx = WebApplicationContextUtils.getWebApplicationContext(servlet.getServletContext());
        this.userMgr = (UserManager) getBean("userManager");
    }         
}
 

 


二:方法二实现BeanFactoryAware 
一定要在spring.xml中加上:
<bean id="serviceLocator" class="com.am.oa.commons.service.ServiceLocator" singleton="true" />
当对serviceLocator实例时就自动设置BeanFactory,以便后来可直接用beanFactory


public class ServiceLocator implements BeanFactoryAware {
    private static BeanFactory beanFactory = null;
 
    private static ServiceLocator servlocator = null;
 
    public void setBeanFactory(BeanFactory factory) throws BeansException {
        this.beanFactory = factory;
    }
 
    public BeanFactory getBeanFactory() {
        return beanFactory;
    }
 
   
    public static ServiceLocator getInstance() {
        if (servlocator == null)
              servlocator = (ServiceLocator) beanFactory.getBean("serviceLocator");
        return servlocator;
    }
 
    /**
    * 根据提供的bean名称得到相应的服务类     
    * @param servName bean名称     
    */
    public static Object getService(String servName) {
        return beanFactory.getBean(servName);
    }
 
    /**
    * 根据提供的bean名称得到对应于指定类型的服务类
    * @param servName bean名称
    * @param clazz 返回的bean类型,若类型不匹配,将抛出异常
    */
    public static Object getService(String servName, Class clazz) {
        return beanFactory.getBean(servName, clazz);
    }
}
 


action调用:

 
public class UserAction extends BaseAction implements Action,ModelDriven{
    
    private Users user = new Users();
    protected ServiceLocator service = ServiceLocator.getInstance();
    UserService userService = (UserService)service.getService("userService");
 
    public String execute() throws Exception {         
        return SUCCESS;
    }
 
  public Object getModel() {
        return user;
    }     
    
    public String getAllUser(){
        HttpServletRequest request = ServletActionContext.getRequest();         
        List ls=userService.LoadAllObject( Users.class );
        request.setAttribute("user",ls);     
        this.setUrl("/yonghu.jsp");
        return SUCCESS;
    }
}
 


三:方法三实现ApplicationContextAware 
一定要在spring.xml中加上:
<bean id="SpringContextUtil " class="com.am.oa.commons.service.SpringContextUtil " singleton="true" />
当对SpringContextUtil 实例时就自动设置applicationContext,以便后来可直接用applicationContext


 
public class SpringContextUtil implements ApplicationContextAware {
  private static ApplicationContext applicationContext;     //Spring应用上下文环境
 
  /**
  * 实现ApplicationContextAware接口的回调方法,设置上下文环境   
  * @param applicationContext
  * @throws BeansException
  */
  public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
    SpringContextUtil.applicationContext = applicationContext;
  }
 
  /**
  * @return ApplicationContext
  */
  public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
    return applicationContext;
  }
 
  /**
  * 获取对象   
  * @param name
  * @return Object 一个以所给名字注册的bean的实例
  * @throws BeansException
  */
  public static Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
    return applicationContext.getBean(name);
  }
 
  /**
  * 获取类型为requiredType的对象
  * 如果bean不能被类型转换,相应的异常将会被抛出(BeanNotOfRequiredTypeException)
  * @param name       bean注册名
  * @param requiredType 返回对象类型
  * @return Object 返回requiredType类型对象
  * @throws BeansException
  */
  public static Object getBean(String name, Class requiredType) throws BeansException {
    return applicationContext.getBean(name, requiredType);
  }
 
  /**
  * 如果BeanFactory包含一个与所给名称匹配的bean定义,则返回true 
  * @param name
  * @return boolean
  */
  public static boolean containsBean(String name) {
    return applicationContext.containsBean(name);
  }
 
  /**
  * 判断以给定名字注册的bean定义是一个singleton还是一个prototype。
  * 如果与给定名字相应的bean定义没有被找到,将会抛出一个异常(NoSuchBeanDefinitionException)   
  * @param name
  * @return boolean
  * @throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException
  */
  public static boolean isSingleton(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
    return applicationContext.isSingleton(name);
  }
 
  /**
  * @param name
  * @return Class 注册对象的类型
  * @throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException
  */
  public static Class getType(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
    return applicationContext.getType(name);
  }
 
  /**
  * 如果给定的bean名字在bean定义中有别名,则返回这些别名   
  * @param name
  * @return
  * @throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException
  */
  public static String[] getAliases(String name) throws NoSuchBeanDefinitionException {
    return applicationContext.getAliases(name);
  }
}
 

 

action调用: 
package com.anymusic.oa.webwork;
 
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
 
import com.anymusic.oa.commons.service.ServiceLocator;
import com.anymusic.oa.hibernate.pojo.Role;
import com.anymusic.oa.hibernate.pojo.Users;
import com.anymusic.oa.spring.IUserService;
import com.opensymphony.webwork.ServletActionContext;
import com.opensymphony.xwork.Action;
import com.opensymphony.xwork.ActionContext;
import com.opensymphony.xwork.ModelDriven;
 
public class UserAction extends BaseAction implements Action,ModelDriven{
    
    private Users user = new Users(); 
 //不用再加载springContext.xml文件,因为在web.xml中配置了,在程序中启动是就有了.    
    UserService userService = (UserService) SpringContextUtil.getBean("userService");
    
    public String execute() throws Exception {         
        return SUCCESS;
    }
 
  public Object getModel() {
        return user;
    }     
    
    public String getAllUser(){
        HttpServletRequest request = ServletActionContext.getRequest();         
        List ls=userService.LoadAllObject( Users.class );
        request.setAttribute("user",ls);     
        this.setUrl("/yonghu.jsp");
        return SUCCESS;
    }
}
 

 

四.通过servlet 或listener设置spring的ApplicationContext,以便后来引用.
注意分别extends  ContextLoaderListener和ContextLoaderServlet .然后就可用SpringContext来getBean.
覆盖原来在web.xml中配置的listener或servlet.

public class SpringContext  {
  private static ApplicationContext applicationContext;     //Spring应用上下文环境
 

  */
  public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
    SpringContextUtil.applicationContext = applicationContext;
  }
 
  /**
  * @return ApplicationContext
  */
  public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
    return applicationContext;
  }
 

  */
  public static Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
    return applicationContext.getBean(name);
  }

}

public class SpringContextLoaderListener extends ContextLoaderListener{  //
 public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent event) {  
  super.contextInitialized(event);
  SpringContext.setApplicationContext(
    WebApplicationContextUtils.getWebApplicationContext(event.getServletContext())
    );
 }
}

public class SpringContextLoaderServlet extends ContextLoaderServlet {
 private ContextLoader contextLoader;
    public void init() throws ServletException {
        this.contextLoader = createContextLoader();
        SpringContext.setApplicationContext(this.contextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(getServletContext()));
    }
}


例子:

第一步配置bean

<bean id="SpringContextUtil" class="com.hongdian.ibridge.util.SpringContextUtil" />


第二步创建bean

import org.springframework.beans.BeansException;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContextAware;


@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class SpringContextUtil implements ApplicationContextAware {


    public static ApplicationContext context;     //Spring应用上下文环境


    /**
     * 实现ApplicationContextAware接口的回调方法,设置上下文环境   
     * @param applicationContext
     * @throws BeansException
     */
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext context) throws BeansException {
        SpringContextUtil.context = context;
    }


    public static ApplicationContext getContext() {
        return context;
    }


    /**
     * @return ApplicationContext
     */
    public static ApplicationContext getApplicationContext() {
        return context;
    }


    /**
     * 获取对象   
     * @param name
     * @return Object 一个以所给名字注册的bean的实例
     * @throws BeansException
     */
    public static Object getBean(String name) throws BeansException {
        return context.getBean(name);
    }
}

得到bean


        ApplicationContext context = SpringContextUtil.getContext();
        IBaseService baseService = (IBaseService) context.getBean(BaseServiceImpl.class);

或者

        IBaseService baseService = SpringContextUtil.context.getBean(BaseServiceImpl.class);


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